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Norbert Schwarz

Provost Professor of Psychology and Marketing
Building
Other
Room / Office
538

Dr. phil. habil., University of Heidelberg;  Dr. phil., University of Mannheim; Dipl.-Soz., University of Mannheim.

Norbert Schwarz is an expert in consumer judgment and decision making. He investigates how subtle contextual influences shape how we make sense of the world, with downstream consequences for consumer behavior, health behavior, and political preferences. Schwarz has been elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the German National Academy of Science and serves on the editorial boards of leading journals in marketing, psychology, and the social sciences. Prior to joining USC he was the Charles Horton Cooley Collegiate Professor of psychology, business, and social research at the University of Michigan.
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David Newman, Norbert Schwarz, Jesse Graham, Arthur Stone () "Conservatives Report Greater Meaning in Life Than Liberals ,"  Social Psychological and Personality Science, 1948550618768241.
Spike Lee, Norbert Schwarz () "Methodological deviation from the original experiment ,"  Nature Human Behaviour  2, 605.
Ed O'Brien, Alexander Kristal, Phoebe Ellsworth, Norbert Schwarz () "(Mis) imagining the good life and the bad life: Envy and pity as a function of the focusing illusion ,"  Journal of Experimental Social Psychology  75, 41--53.
Norbert Schwarz () "Of fluency, beauty, and truth: Inferences from metacognitive experiences ,"  Metacognitive diversity. An interdisciplinary approach (eds. J. Proust \& M. Fortier)  Oxford University Press, 25--46.
Spike Lee, Norbert Schwarz () "A grounded cognition perspective on folk-economic beliefs ,"  Behavioral and Brain Sciences  41.
Ryan Hauser, Norbert Schwarz () "Score blending: How scale response grouping biases perceived standing ,"  Journal of Behavioral Decision Making.
Sunghee Lee, Florian Keusch, Norbert Schwarz, Mingnan Liu, Z Suzer-Gurtekin () "Cross-cultural Comparability of Response Patterns of Subjective Probability Questions ,"  Advances in Comparative Survey Methods: Multinational, Multiregional, and Multicultural Contexts (3MC), 455--475.
Asher Koriat, Shiri Adiv-Mashinsky, Monika Undorf, Norbert Schwarz () "The prototypical majority effect under social influence ,"  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin  44, 670--683.
Norbert Schwarz, Spike Lee () "Embodied Cognition and the Construction of Attitudes ,"  Handbook of Attitudes  Routledge.
Eryn Newman, Norbert Schwarz () "Good Sound, Good Research: How Audio Quality Influences Perceptions of the Research and Researcher ,"  Science Communication  40, 246--257.
Alison Xu, Norbert Schwarz () "How One Thing Leads to Another: Spillover Effects of Behavioral Mind-sets ,"  Current Directions in Psychological Science  27, 51--55.
David Hauser, Norbert Schwarz () "How seemingly innocuous words can bias judgment: Semantic prosody and impression formation ,"  Journal of Experimental Social Psychology  75, 11--18.
David Hauser, Randolph Nesse, Norbert Schwarz () "Lay Theories and Metaphors of Health and Illness ,"  The Science of Lay Theories  Springer, 341--354.
Rita Silva, Nina Chrobot, Eryn Newman, Norbert Schwarz, Sascha Topolinski () "Make it short and easy: Username complexity determines trustworthiness above and beyond objective reputation ,"  Frontiers in psychology  8, 2200.
Antonia Mantonakis, Norbert Schwarz, Amanda Wudarzewski, Carolyn Yoon () "Malleability of taste perception: biasing effects of rating scale format on taste recognition, product evaluation, and willingness to pay ,"  Marketing Letters; doi:10.1007/s11002-016-9416-z.
Iris Schneider, Norbert Schwarz () "Mixed feelings: the case of ambivalence ,"  Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences  15, 39--45.
Daphna Oyserman, Norbert Schwarz () "Conservatism as a situated identity: Implications for consumer behavior ,"  Journal of Consumer Psychology  27, 532--536.
Bora Min, Norbert Schwarz () "Novelty As Risk and Opportunity: Opposite Effects of Low Personal Control and Perceived Unpredictability on Novelty Seeking ,"  ACR North American Advances.
Helmut Leder, Norbert Schwarz () "Does art expertise facilitate distancing? ,"  Behavioral and Brain Sciences  40.
Jialiang Xu, Fang Wan, Norbert Schwarz, Yuhuang Zheng () "“That’S Bitter!” Culture Specific Effects of Gustatory Experience on Judgments of Fairness and Advancement ,"  ACR North American Advances.
Aradhna Krishna, Spike Lee, Xiuping Li, Norbert Schwarz () "Embodied Cognition, Sensory Marketing, and the Conceptualization of Consumers’ Judgment and Decision Processes: Introduction to the Issue ,"  Journal of the Association for Consumer Research  2, 377--381.
Norbert Schwarz, Eryn Newman () "How does the gut know truth? ,"  Psychological Science Agenda.
Spike Lee, Norbert Schwarz () "Clean-moral effects and clean-slate effects: Physical cleansing as an embodied procedure of psychological separation ,"  Purity and danger now: New perspectives.
David Hauser, Norbert Schwarz () "Medical metaphors matter: Experiments can determine the impact of metaphors on bioethical issues ,"  American Journal of Bioethics  16, 18--19.
Iris Schneider, Norbert Schwarz, Sander Koole () "Close Alternatives: the Influence of Spatial Proximity on Choice Difficulty ,"  ACR North American Advances.
Robert Smith, Norbert Schwarz () "Metacognitive Inferences from Other People's Memory Performance ,"  Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied  22, 285--294.
Fritz Strack, Norbert Schwarz () "Editorial overview: Social priming: Information accessibility and its consequences ,"  Current Opinion in Psychology  12, doi--10.
David Hauser, Aashna Sunderrajan, Madhuri Natarajan, Norbert Schwarz () "Prior exposure to instructional manipulation checks does not attenuate survey context effects driven by satisficing or Gricean norms ,"  Methods, data, analyses: a journal for quantitative methods and survey methodology (mda)  10, 195--220.
Norbert Schwarz, Gerald Clore () "Evaluating psychological research requires more than attention to the n: A comment on Simonsohn’s (2015)“small telescopes” ,"  Psychological science  27, 1407--1409.
Klaus Fiedler, Norbert Schwarz () "Questionable research practices revisited ,"  Social Psychological and Personality Science  7, 45--52.
B\"arbel Kn\"auper, Kimberly Carri\`ere, Melodie Chamandy, Zhen Xu, Norbert Schwarz, Natalie Rosen () "How aging affects self-reports ,"  European journal of ageing  13, 185--193.
David Hauser, Norbert Schwarz () "Semantic Prosody and Judgment. ,"  Journal of Experimental Psychology:General  145, 882--896.
V Cozac, Norbert Schwarz, M Chaturvedi, H Bousleiman, F Hatz, E Taub, U Gschwandtner, P Fuhr () "ID 77--Confounding effect of age on verbal fluency after deep brain stimulation to the subthalamic nucleus (DBS-STN) in Parkinson’s disease ,"  Clinical Neurophysiology  127, e79--e80.
Nicolas Bochard, Dominique Muller, Norbert Schwarz () "The “GMO” Halo Effect: How Labeling Products As Genetically Modified Influences Calorie Judgments ,"  ACR North American Advances.
David Hauser, Norbert Schwarz () "Attentive Turkers: MTurk participants perform better on online attention checks than do subject pool participants ,"  Behavior research methods  48, 400--407.
Iris Schneider, Lotte Veenstra, Frenk van Harreveld, Norbert Schwarz, Sander Koole () "Let’s not be indifferent about neutrality: Neutral ratings in the International Affective Picture System (IAPS) mask mixed affective responses. ,"  Emotion  16, 426.
Asher Koriat, Shiri Adiv, Norbert Schwarz () "Views that are shared with others are expressed with greater confidence and greater fluency independent of any social influence ,"  Personality and Social Psychology Review  20, 176--193.
Norbert Schwarz, Fritz Strack () "Beyond ‘what’comes to mind: experiential and conversational determinants of information use ,"  Current Opinion in Psychology  12, 89--93.
Norbert Schwarz, Eryn Newman, William Leach () "Making the truth stick \& the myths fade: Lessons from cognitive psychology ,"  Behavioral Science \& Policy  2, 85--95.
Patricia Chen, Phoebe Ellsworth, Norbert Schwarz () "Finding a fit or developing it: Implicit theories about achieving passion for work ,"  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin  41, 1411--1424.
Luca Cian, Aradhna Krishna, Norbert Schwarz () "Positioning rationality and emotion: Rationality is up and emotion is down ,"  Journal of Consumer Research  42, 632--651.
Alison Xu, Norbert Schwarz, Robert Wyer () "Hunger promotes acquisition of nonfood objects ,"  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201417712.
Jonathon Schuldt, Sungjong Roh, Norbert Schwarz () "Questionnaire design effects in climate change surveys: Implications for the partisan divide ,"  The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science  658, 67--85.
V Cozac, M Chaturvedi, H Bousleiman, F Hatz, A Meyer, Norbert Schwarz, R Zimmermann, U Gschwandtner, P Fuhr () "Is there a confounding effect of age on deep brain stimulation in patients with Parkinson's disease (comparison with the EARLYSTIM study)? ,"  European journal of neurology  22, 249.
David Lee, Eunjung Kim, Norbert Schwarz () "Something smells fishy: Olfactory suspicion cues improve performance on the Moses illusion and Wason rule discovery task ,"  Journal of Experimental Social Psychology  59, 47--50.
David Hauser, Norbert Schwarz () "It’sa trap! Instructional manipulation checks prompt systematic thinking on “tricky” tasks ,"  Sage Open  5, 2158244015584617.
Iris Schneider, Frenk van Harreveld, Mark Rotteveel, Sascha Topolinski, Joop van der Pligt, Norbert Schwarz, Sander Koole () "The path of ambivalence: tracing the pull of opposing evaluations using mouse trajectories ,"  Frontiers in psychology  6, 996.
Norbert Schwarz () "Metacognition. In M. Mikulincer, PR Shaver, E. Borgida, \& J. A. Bargh (Eds.), ,"  APA Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology: Attitudes and Social Cognition  APA, 203--229.
Kimberlee Weaver, Kim Daniloski, Norbert Schwarz, Keenan Cottone () "The role of social comparison for maximizers and satisficers: Wanting the best or wanting to be the best? ,"  Journal of Consumer Psychology  25, 372--388.
William Chopik, Ed O'Brien, Sara Konrath, Norbert Schwarz () "MLK Day and racial attitudes: Liking the group more but its members less ,"  Political Psychology  36, 559--567.
David Hauser, Norbert Schwarz () "The war on prevention: Bellicose cancer metaphors hurt (some) prevention intentions ,"  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin  41, 66--77.
Norbert Schwarz () "Norbert Schwarz: A Pioneer in Social Indicators and Quality of Life Research ,"  Applied Research in Quality of Life  10, 765--767.
Iris Schneider, Michal Parzuchowski, Bogdan Wojciszke, Norbert Schwarz, Sander Koole () "Weighty data: importance information influences estimated weight of digital information storage devices ,"  Frontiers in psychology  5, 1536.
David Hauser, Norbert Schwarz () "Elaborative thinking increases the impact of physical weight on importance judgments ,"  Social Cognition  33, 120--132.
V Cozac, M Chaturvedi, H Bousleiman, F Hatz, A Meyer, Norbert Schwarz, R Zimmermann, P Fuhr, U Gschwandtner () "P180. Serious adverse effects of deep brain stimulation (DBS) in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) of relatively old age in comparison with the EARLYSTIM study ,"  Clinical Neurophysiology  126, e164.
Norbert Schwarz, others () "Which mission? Thoughts about the past and future of BDT ,"  Journal of Marketing Behavior  1, 53--58.
Sunghee Lee, Norbert Schwarz, Leanne Goldstein () "Culture-sensitive question order effects of self-rated health between older Hispanic and non-Hispanic adults in the United States ,"  Journal of aging and health  26, 860--883.
Norbert Schwarz, Fritz Strack () "Martin Irle 1927-2013 Obituary ,"  HOGREFE \& HUBER PUBLISHERS ROHNSWEG 25, D-37085 GOTTINGEN, GERMANY.
Aradhna Krishna, Norbert Schwarz () "Sensory marketing, embodiment, and grounded cognition: A review and introduction ,"  Journal of consumer psychology  24, 159--168.
Ruth Mayo, Dana Alfasi, Norbert Schwarz () "Distrust and the positive test heuristic: Dispositional and situated social distrust improves performance on the Wason Rule Discovery Task. ,"  Journal of Experimental Psychology: General  143, 985.
Rainer Greifeneder, Norbert Schwarz () "Metacognitive processes and subjective experiences ,"  Dual-Process Theories of the Social Mind, 314--327.
Troy Campbell, Ed O'Brien, Leaf Van Boven, Norbert Schwarz, Peter Ubel () "Too much experience: A desensitization bias in emotional perspective taking. ,"  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology  106, 272.
Norbert Schwarz, Fritz Strack () "Does merely going through the same moves make for a “direct” replication? Concepts, contexts, and operationalizations. ,"  Hogrefe Publishing.
Spike Lee, Norbert Schwarz () "Metaphor in judgment and decision making ,".
Luca Cian, Norbert Schwarz, Aradhna Krishna () "Top or bottom of the screen? Vertical position as a representation of rationality and emotionality ,"  ACR North American Advances.
Vicki Freedman, Frederick Conrad, Jennifer Cornman, Norbert Schwarz, Frank Stafford () "Does time fly when you are having fun? A day reconstruction method analysis ,"  Journal of happiness studies  15, 639--655.
Norbert Schwarz, Fritz Strack () "Nachruf auf Martin Irle: 1927--2013 ,"  Psychologische Rundschau  65, 33--34.
Helmut Leder, Gernot Gerger, David Brieber, Norbert Schwarz () "What makes an art expert? Emotion and evaluation in art appreciation ,"  Cognition and Emotion  28, 1137--1147.
David Hauser, Norbert Schwarz () "Elaborative Thinkers Are More Susceptible to Metaphor-Driven Effects of Heaviness on Judgments of Importance ,"  ACR North American Advances.
Frederick Conrad, Michael Schober, Norbert Schwarz () "Pragmatic Processes in Survey ,"  The Oxford Handbook of Language and Social Psychology, 420.
Spike Lee, Norbert Schwarz () "Framing love: When it hurts to think we were made for each other ,"  Journal of Experimental Social Psychology  54, 61--67.
Sunghee Lee, Norbert Schwarz () "Question context and priming meaning of health: effect on differences in self-rated health between Hispanics and non-Hispanic Whites ,"  American journal of public health  104, 179--185.
Deborah Carr, Vicki Freedman, Jennifer Cornman, Norbert Schwarz () "Happy marriage, happy life? Marital quality and subjective well-being in later life ,"  Journal of Marriage and Family  76, 930--948.
Tomoyuki Kawada, Sunghee Lee, Norbert Schwarz () "QUESTION CONTEXT, ETHNIC DIFFERENCE, AND SELF-RATED HEALTH/LEE AND SCHWARZ RESPOND ,"  American journal of public health  104, E3.
Sunghee Lee, Norbert Schwarz () "Lee and Schwarz respond ,"  American journal of public health  104, e3.
Sunghee Lee, Norbert Schwarz () "Response to “Question context, ethnic difference and self-rated health (AJPH-20138171)” by Tomoyuki Kawada ,"  American journal of public health  104, e3.
Norbert Schwarz () "Stimmung als Information: Untersuchungen zum Einflu\ss von Stimmungen auf die Bewertung des eigenen Lebens ,"  Springer-Verlag  24.
Y Zhang, Norbert Schwarz () "The power of precise numbers: A conversational logic analysis ,"  Journal of Experimental Social Psychology  49, 944--946.
Ayse Uskul, Daphna Oyserman, Norbert Schwarz, Spike Lee, Alison Xu () "How successful you have been in life depends on the response scale used: The role of cultural mindsets in pragmatic inferences drawn from question format ,"  Social Cognition  31, 222--236.
Carey Morewedge, Jesse Chandler, Robert Smith, Norbert Schwarz, Jonathan Schooler () "Lost in the crowd: Entitative group membership reduces mind attribution ,"  Consciousness and cognition  22, 1195--1205.
Vicki Freedman, Frank Stafford, Norbert Schwarz, Frederick Conrad () "Measuring time use of older couples: Lessons from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics ,"  Field methods  25, 405--422.
Rashmi Adaval, Mario Pandelaere, Barbara Briers, Christophe Lembregts, Rajesh Bagchi, Xingbo Li, Ashwani Monga, Rajesh Bagchi, Y Zhang, Norbert Schwarz, others () "Numerosity and consumer behavior ,"  Journal of Consumer Research  39, xi--xiv.
Hyejeung Cho, Norbert Schwarz () "I like your product when I like my photo: Misattribution using interactive virtual mirrors ,"  Journal of Interactive Marketing  26, 235--243.
Marc-Andr\'e Reinhard, Norbert Schwarz () "The influence of affective states on the process of lie detection. ,"  Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied  18, 377.
RS Smith, Jesse Chandler, Norbert Schwarz () "Uniform (ity): The effects of employee uniforms on judgments and attributions ,"  unpublished manuscript, Ross School of Business, University of Michigan.
Hyejeung Cho, Norbert Schwarz, Hyunjin Song () "Images and preferences: A feelings-as-information analysis ,"  Visual Marketing  Psychology Press, 271--288.
Kimberlee Weaver, Stephen Garcia, Norbert Schwarz () "The presenter's paradox ,"  Journal of Consumer Research  39, 445--460.
Alison Xu, Rami Zwick, Norbert Schwarz () "Washing away your (good or bad) luck: Physical cleansing affects risk-taking behavior. ,"  Journal of Experimental Psychology: General  141, 26.
Vicki Freedman, Frank Stafford, Frederick Conrad, Norbert Schwarz, Jennifer Cornman () "Assessing time diary quality for older couples: An analysis of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics’ disability and use of time (DUST) supplement ,"  Annals of economics and statistics  105, 271.
Meghan Pierce, Kimberlee Weaver, Kim Daniloski, Norbert Schwarz () "Marketplace Metacognition in Consumer-To-Consumer Inferences: I Buy For Quality, You Buy For Status ,"  ACR North American Advances.
Vicki Freedman, Frank Stafford, Frederick Conrad, Norbert Schwarz, Jennifer Cornman () "The quality of diaries: assessing Time-Diary Quality for Older Couples: An Analysis of the PSID Disability and Use-of-Time Supplement. ,"  Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, 271--287.
Robert Smith, Norbert Schwarz () "When promoting a charity can hurt charitable giving: A metacognitive analysis ,"  Journal of Consumer Psychology  22, 558--564.
Spike Lee, Norbert Schwarz () "Bidirectionality, mediation, and moderation of metaphorical effects: The embodiment of social suspicion and fishy smells. ,"  Journal of personality and social psychology  103, 737.
Stephan Lewandowsky, Ullrich Ecker, Colleen Seifert, Norbert Schwarz, John Cook () "Misinformation and its correction: Continued influence and successful debiasing ,"  Psychological Science in the Public Interest  13, 106--131.
Jonathon Schuldt, Sara Konrath, Norbert Schwarz () "The right angle: Visual portrayal of products affects observers’ impressions of owners ,"  Psychology \& Marketing  29, 705--711.
Norbert Schwarz () "Why researchers should think “real-time”: A cognitive rationale ,"  Handbook of research methods for studying daily life, 22--42.
Vicki Freedman, Frank Stafford, Norbert Schwarz, Frederick Conrad, Jennifer Cornman () "Disability, participation, and subjective wellbeing among older couples ,"  Social science \& medicine  74, 588--596.
Kimberlee Weaver, Norbert Schwarz () "Self-reports in consumer research ,"  Handbook of consumer psychology  Psychology Press, 1067--1088.
Jonathon Schuldt, Dominique Muller, Norbert Schwarz () "The “fair trade” effect: Health halos from social ethics claims ,"  Social Psychological and Personality Science  3, 581--589.
Brian Meier, Simone Schnall, Norbert Schwarz, John Bargh () "Embodiment in social psychology ,"  Topics in cognitive science  4, 705--716.
Hans-J Hippler, Norbert Schwarz, Seymour Sudman () "Social information processing and survey methodology ,"  Springer Science \& Business Media.
Jesse Chandler, David Reinhard, Norbert Schwarz () "To judge a book by its weight you need to know its content: Knowledge moderates the use of embodied cues ,"  Journal of Experimental Social Psychology  48, 948--952.
Petia Petrova, Norbert Schwarz, HYUNJIN SONG () "Fluency and Social Influence ,"  Six Degrees of Social Influence.
Lars Lyberg, Paul Biemer, Martin Collins, Edith De Leeuw, Cathryn Dippo, Norbert Schwarz, Dennis Trewin () "Survey measurement and process quality ,"  John Wiley \& Sons.
Ed O'Brien, Phoebe Ellsworth, Norbert Schwarz () "Today's misery and yesterday's happiness: Differential effects of current life-events on perceptions of past wellbeing ,"  Journal of Experimental Social Psychology  48, 968--972.
Piotr Winkielman, David Huber, Liam Kavanagh, Norbert Schwarz () "Fluency of consistency: When thoughts fit nicely and flow smoothly ,"  Cognitive consistency: A fundamental principle in social cognition, 89--111.
Tamara Ansons, Aradhna Krishna, Norbert Schwarz () "The impact of imagery-evoking category labels on perceived variety ,"  Seeing and Perceiving  25, 189--189.
Troy Campbell, Ed O'Brien, Norbert Schwarz, Leaf Van Boven, Peter Ubel () "Too Much Experience: Predicting Others’ Emotive Reactions and Making Recommendations After Repeated Exposure ,"  ACR North American Advances.
Y Zhang, Norbert Schwarz () "How and why 1 year differs from 365 days: A conversational logic analysis of inferences from the granularity of quantitative expressions ,"  Journal of Consumer Research  39, 248--259.
Lilach Sagiv, Noga Sverdlik, Norbert Schwarz () "To compete or to cooperate? Values' impact on perception and action in social dilemma games ,"  European Journal of Social Psychology  41, 64--77.
Spike Lee, Norbert Schwarz () "“On the One Hand, on the Other Hand”: Motor Movements Activate the “Balance” Goal ,"  ACR North American Advances.
Charles Zhang, Norbert Schwarz () "I’D Rather Wait 30 Days Than One Month: the Unit Effect in Time Perception ,"  ACR North American Advances.
Spike Lee, Norbert Schwarz () "Washing Away the Past With Cleaning Products: of Dirty Mouths, Dirty Hands, and Post-Decisional Dissonance ,"  ACR North American Advances.
Angus Deaton, Daniel Kahneman, Alan Krueger, David Schkade, Norbert Schwarz, Arthur Stone () "Memo to the Office of National Statistics’ Advisory Group on Subjective Well-Being ,"  Published in the Supporting Documents for the Meeting to Provide Guidance to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development on its Plans to Measure Self-Reported Well-Being held on July  8, 2011.
Alison Xu, Rami Zwick, Norbert Schwarz () "Washing Away Your Luck: Physical Cleansing Affects Risk-Taking Behavior ,"  ACR North American Advances.
Charles Zhang, Norbert Schwarz () "Past to the left, future to the right: How does thinking about time affect choice ,"  ACR North American Advances.
Jesse Chandler, David Reinhard, Norbert Schwarz () "When You Can’T Judge a Book By Its Cover: Metacognitive Inferences About Embodied Cues ,"  ACR North American Advances.
Kimberlee Weaver, Norbert Schwarz, Kim Daniloski, Keenan Cottone () "Absolute and Relative Choices of Maximizers and Satisficers ,"  ACR North American Advances.
Carol Nickerson, Ed Diener, Norbert Schwarz () "Positive affect and college success ,"  Journal of Happiness Studies  12, 717--746.
Spike Lee, Norbert Schwarz () "Where Do You Draw the Line? Perceptual and Mental Boundaries ,"  ACR North American Advances.
Norbert Schwarz, Daphna Oyserman () "Asking Questions about Behavior ,"  Social Psychology and Evaluation  244.
Spike Lee, Norbert Schwarz () "Something Smells Fishy: Suspicion Enhances Identification of Fishy Smells, and Fishy Smells Arouse Suspicion ,"  ACR North American Advances.
Norbert Schwarz, Jing Xu () "Why don't we learn from poor choices? The consistency of expectation, choice, and memory clouds the lessons of experience ,"  Journal of Consumer Psychology  21, 142--145.
Norbert Schwarz () "Feelings-as-information theory ,"  Handbook of theories of social psychology  1, 289--308.
A Dorlet, Norbert Schwarz, C Yoon () "The aging consumer ,"  New York: Psychology Press.
Spike Lee, Norbert Schwarz () "Wiping the slate clean: Psychological consequences of physical cleansing ,"  Current Directions in Psychological Science  20, 307--311.
Norbert Schwarz, P Van Lange, A Kruglanski, ET Higgins () "Handbook of theories of social psychology ,"  Thousand Oaks, CA, 289--308.
I Skurnik, C Yoon, Norbert Schwarz () "Thinking about health and obesity: How consumers’ mental experiences influence health judgments ,"  Leveraging consumer psychology for effective health communications: The obesity challenge, 135--150.
Jonathon Schuldt, Sara Konrath, Norbert Schwarz () "“Global warming” or “climate change”? Whether the planet is warming depends on question wording ,"  Public Opinion Quarterly  75, 115--124.
Norbert Schwarz () "Meaning in context: Metacognitive experiences ,"  The mind in context, 105--125.
Hyejeung Cho, Norbert Schwarz () "When Choice Deferral Does (And Does Not) Generalize to Subsequent Decisions: a Metacognitive Analysis ,"  ACR North American Advances.
Norbert Schwarz, Daphna Oyserman, Emilia Peytcheva () "Cognition, communication, and culture: Implications for the survey response process ,"  Survey methods in multinational, multiregional and multicultural contexts, 177--190.
Norbert Schwarz () "Measurement as cooperative communication: What research participants learn from questionnaires ,"  G., Walford, E., Tucker, M. Viswanathan,(Eds.), The SAGE handbook of measurement, 43--60.
Robert Smith, Norbert Schwarz () "When It Happened Tells Us What Happened: the Effects of Temporal Distance and Metacognitive Inference on Word-Of-Mouth ,"  ACR North American Advances.
Ayse Uskul, Daphna Oyserman, Norbert Schwarz () "Cultural emphasis on honor, modesty, or self-enhancement: Implications for the survey response process ,"  Wiley-Blackwell.
Herbert Bless, Norbert Schwarz () "Mental construal and the emergence of assimilation and contrast effects: The inclusion/exclusion model ,"  Advances in experimental social psychology  Academic Press  42, 319--373.
Carolyn Yoon, Fred Feinberg, Norbert Schwarz () "Why do older consumers tell us they are more satisfied ,"  The aging consumer— Perspectives from psychology and economics, 209--228.
Spike Lee, Norbert Schwarz () "Dirty hands and dirty mouths: Embodiment of the moral-purity metaphor is specific to the motor modality involved in moral transgression ,"  Psychological science  21, 1423--1425.
Spike Lee, Norbert Schwarz, Danielle Taubman, Mengyuan Hou () "Sneezing in times of a flu pandemic: Public sneezing increases perception of unrelated risks and shifts preferences for federal spending ,"  Psychological Science  21, 375--377.
Jesse Chandler, Lauren Szczurek, Norbert Schwarz () "Hot Wheels, Warm Hearts: the Effect of Temperature Metaphors on Product Replacement Intentions ,"  ACR North American Advances.
Jonathon Schuldt, Norbert Schwarz () "The" organic" path to obesity? Organic claims influence calorie judgments and exercise recommendations ,"  Judgment and Decision making  5, 144.
Antonia Mantonakis, Norbert Schwarz, Amanda Wudarzewski, Carolyn Yoon () "How the Numbers on Your Rating Scale Influence Taste Perception and Willingness to Pay ,"  ACR North American Advances.
Jesse Chandler, Norbert Schwarz () "Use does not wear ragged the fabric of friendship: Thinking of objects as alive makes people less willing to replace them ,"  Journal of Consumer Psychology  20, 138--145.
Hyejeung Cho, Norbert Schwarz () "I like those glasses on you, but not in the mirror: Fluency, preference, and virtual mirrors ,"  Journal of Consumer Psychology  20, 471--475.
Spike Lee, Norbert Schwarz () "Washing away postdecisional dissonance ,"  Science  328, 709--709.
Hyunjin Song, Norbert Schwarz () "If it, s easy to read, it, s easy to do, pretty, good, and true ,"  Psychologist  23, 108--111.
Alison Xu, Rami Zwick, Norbert Schwarz () "Washing Away Your (Good Or Bad) Luck: Superstition, Embodiment, and Gambling Behavior ,"  ACR North American Advances.
Norbert Schwarz, Charles Zhang () "Looking For Great Discounts--How Store Coupons Shape Attention, Product Memory, and Store Impressions ,"  ACR North American Advances.
Hakkyun Kim, Kiwan Park, Norbert Schwarz () "Will this trip really be exciting? The role of incidental emotions in product evaluation ,"  Journal of Consumer Research  36, 983--991.
Norbert Schwarz () "Mental construal in social judgment ,"  Social cognition: The basis of human interaction, 121--138.
Alan Krueger, Daniel Kahneman, David Schkade, Norbert Schwarz, Arthur Stone () "National time accounting: The currency of life ,"  Measuring the subjective well-being of nations: National accounts of time use and well-being  University of Chicago Press, 9--86.
Jing Xu, Norbert Schwarz () "Do we really need a reason to indulge? ,"  Journal of Marketing Research  46, 25--36.
Alison Gopnik, Stephen Kosslyn, Steve Reicher, Norbert Schwarz, Ellen Langer, Paul Ekman, Elizabeth Loftus, Marilyn Davidson, Chris McManus, Paul Broks, others () "One nagging things... ,"  BRITISH PSYCHOLOGICAL SOC ST ANDREWS HOUSE, 48 PRINCESS RD EAST, LEICESTER~….
Norbert Schwarz, Daniel Kahneman, Jing Xu () "Global and episodic reports of hedonic experience ,"  Using calendar and diary methods in life events research  Sage Newbury Park, CA, 157--174.
Jesse Chandler, Sara Konrath, Norbert Schwarz () "Online and on my mind: Temporary and chronic accessibility moderate the influence of media figures ,"  Media Psychology  12, 210--226.
Jesse Chandler, Norbert Schwarz () "How extending your middle finger affects your perception of others: Learned movements influence concept accessibility ,"  Journal of Experimental Social Psychology  45, 123--128.
Hyunjin Song, Norbert Schwarz () "Safe and Easy Or Risky and Burdensome? Fluency Effects on Risk Perception and Effort Prediction ,"  ACR North American Advances.
Hyunjin Song, Norbert Schwarz () "If it's difficult to pronounce, it must be risky: Fluency, familiarity, and risk perception ,"  Psychological Science  20, 135--138.
Kiwan Park, Hakkyun Kim, Norbert Schwarz () "The Impact of Matching Between Emotion Types and Product Offerings on Evaluations ,"  ACR North American Advances.
Norbert Schwarz () "Introduction to research dialogue ,"  Journal of Consumer Psychology  19, 1--1.
Alan Krueger, Daniel Kahneman, Claude Fischler, David Schkade, Norbert Schwarz, Arthur Stone () "Time use and subjective well-being in France and the US ,"  Social Indicators Research  93, 7--18.
Lawrence Sanna, Norbert Schwarz, Lindsay Kennedy () "It’s Hard to Imagine: Mental Simulation, Metacognitive Experiences, and the Success of Debiasing ,"  Handbook of Imagination and Mental Simulation, 197.
Norbert Schwarz () "Attitude measurement ,"  Attitudes and attitude change  3, 41--60.
Hyejeung Cho, Norbert Schwarz () "Of great art and untalented artists: Effort information and the flexible construction of judgmental heuristics ,"  Journal of Consumer Psychology  18, 205--211.
Norbert Schwarz, Jing Xu () "Constructing heuristics on the spot: Divergent inferences from ease of recall ,"  Manuscript, University of Michigan.
Norbert Schwarz, B\"arbel Kn\"auper, Daphna Oyserman, Christine Stich () "The psychology of asking questions ,"  International handbook of survey methodology, 18--22.
Arthur Stone, Joan Broderick, Joseph Schwartz, Norbert Schwarz () "Context effects in survey ratings of health, symptoms, and satisfaction ,"  Medical care  46, 662.
Norbert Schwarz, HYUNJIN Song, JING Xu () "When thinking is difficult: Metacognitive experiences as information ,"  Social psychology of consumer behavior, 201--223.
Hyunjin Song, Norbert Schwarz () "Fluency and the detection of misleading questions: Low processing fluency attenuates the Moses illusion ,"  Social Cognition  26, 791--799.
Norbert Schwarz, Jing Xu, Hyunjin Song, Hyejeung Cho () "From Feelings to Judgments: Constructing Heuristics on the Spot ,"  ACR North American Advances.
Hyunjin Song, Norbert Schwarz () "If it's hard to read, it's hard to do: Processing fluency affects effort prediction and motivation ,"  Psychological Science  19, 986--988.
Norbert Schwarz () "Introduction to research dialogue ,"  Journal of Consumer Psychology  18, 153--154.
Jing Xu, Norbert Schwarz () "Do We Really Need a Reason to Indulge? ,"  ACR North American Advances.
Lawrence Sanna, Norbert Schwarz () "Metacognitive experiences and hindsight bias: It's not just the thought (content) that counts! ,"  Social Cognition  25, 185--202.
Norbert Schwarz, Fritz Strack () "Thinking about your life ,"  The Scope of Social Psychology: Theory and Applications (A Festschrift for Wolfgang Stroebe), 121.
Norbert Schwarz () "Evaluating surveys and questionnaires ,"  Critical thinking in psychology, 54--74.
Norbert Schwarz, Lawrence Sanna, Ian Skurnik, Carolyn Yoon () "Metacognitive experiences and the intricacies of setting people straight: Implications for debiasing and public information campaigns ,"  Advances in experimental social psychology  39, 127--161.
FRITZ STRACK, Norbert Schwarz () "Thinking about your life: Healthy lessons from social cognition ,"  The Scope of Social Psychology  Psychology Press, 133--148.
Carol Nickerson, Norbert Schwarz, Ed Diener, others () "Financial aspirations, financial success, and overall life satisfaction: who? and how? ,"  Journal of Happiness Studies  8, 467--515.
Ian Skurnik, Carolyn Yoon, Norbert Schwarz () "Myths and Facts About the Flu: Health Education Campaigns Can Reduce Vaccination Intentions ,"  Manuscript in review.
Norbert Schwarz, Fritz Strack () "Healthy lessons from social cognition ,"  The Scope of Social Psychology: Theory and Applications: Essays in Honour of Wolfgang Stroebe, 121.
Aparna Labroo, Ravi Dhar, Norbert Schwarz () "Of frog wines and frowning watches: Semantic priming, perceptual fluency, and brand evaluation ,"  Journal of Consumer Research  34, 819--831.
Fritz Strack, Norbert Schwarz () "Asking questions: Measurement in the social sciences ,"  Psychology’s territories: Historical and contemporary perspectives from different disciplines, 225--250.
Bernd Wittenbrink, Norbert Schwarz () "Implicit measures of attitudes ,"  Guilford Press.
Nathan Novemsky, Ravi Dhar, Norbert Schwarz, Itamar Simonson () "Preference fluency in choice ,"  Journal of Marketing Research  44, 347--356.
Norbert Schwarz () "Attitude construction: Evaluation in context ,"  Social cognition  25, 638--656.
Kimberlee Weaver, Stephen Garcia, Norbert Schwarz, Dale Miller () "Inferring the popularity of an opinion from its familiarity: A repetitive voice can sound like a chorus. ,"  Journal of personality and social psychology  92, 821.
Norbert Schwarz () "Retrospective and concurrent self-reports: The rationale for real-time data capture ,"  The science of real-time data capture: Self-reports in health research  11, 26.
Norbert Schwarz () "Cognitive aspects of survey methodology ,"  Applied Cognitive Psychology  21.
Norbert Schwarz () "Introduction to research dialogues ,"  Wiley.
Barbel Knauper, Norbert Schwarz, Denise Park, Andreas Fritsch () "The perils of interpreting age differences in attitude reports: Question order effects decrease with age ,"  Journal of Official Statistics  23, 515.
Sara Konrath, Norbert Schwarz () "Do male politicians have big heads? Face-ism in online self-representations of politicians ,"  Media Psychology  10, 436--448.
Norbert Schwarz, Herbert Bless () "Mental construal processes: The inclusion/exclusion model ,"  Assimilation and contrast in social psychology, 119--141.
Norbert Schwarz () "The Psychology of Survey Response ,"  The SAGE handbook of public opinion research  SAGE, 374.
Norbert Schwarz, B\"arbel Kn\"auper () "Kognitionspsychologie und Umfrageforschung: Altersabh\"angige Kontexteffekte ,"  Methoden der Sozialforschung, 203--216.
Yuri Miyamoto, Norbert Schwarz () "When conveying a message may hurt the relationship: Cultural differences in the difficulty of using an answering machine ,"  Journal of Experimental Social Psychology  42, 540--547.
Norbert Schwarz () "Measurement: Aging and the psychology of self-report ,"  When I’m  64, 219--230.
Hyejeung Cho, Norbert Schwarz () "When good pictures make for good products: Consumer misattribution effects in virtual product presentation environments ,"  ACR North American Advances.
Arthur Stone, Joseph Schwartz, David Schkade, Norbert Schwarz, Alan Krueger, Daniel Kahneman () "A population approach to the study of emotion: diurnal rhythms of a working day examined with the Day Reconstruction Method. ,"  Emotion  6, 139.
Daniel McFadden, Norbert Schwarz, Joachim Winter () "Measuring perceptions and behavior in household surveys ,"  Unpublished manuscript, University of California, Berkeley.
Dylan Smith, Norbert Schwarz, Todd Roberts, Peter Ubel () "Why are you calling me? How study introductions change response patterns ,"  Quality of Life Research  15, 621--630.
Norbert Schwarz () "Attitude research: between Ockham's razor and the fundamental attribution error ,"  Journal of Consumer Research  33, 19--21.
Lawrence Sanna, Norbert Schwarz () "Metacognitive experiences and human judgment: The case of hindsight bias and its debiasing ,"  Current directions in psychological science  15, 172--176.
Daniel Kahneman, Alan Krueger, David Schkade, Norbert Schwarz, Arthur Stone () "Would you be happier if you were richer? A focusing illusion ,"  science  312, 1908--1910.
Ara Norenzayan, Norbert Schwarz () "Conversational relevance in the presentation of the self. ,"  Polish Psychological Bulletin.
Norbert Schwarz () "on judgments of truth \& beauty ,"  Daedalus  135, 136--138.
Norbert Schwarz () "Feelings, fit, and funny effects: A situated cognition perspective ,"  Journal of Marketing Research  43, 20--23.
Rolf Reber, Norbert Schwarz () "Perceptual fluency, preference, and evolution ,"  Polish Psychological Bulletin  37, 16.
Hyejeung Cho, Norbert Schwarz () "If I don’t understand it, it must be new: processing fluency and perceived product innovativeness ,"  ACR North American Advances.
Emily Chan, Oscar Ybarra, Norbert Schwarz () "Reversing the affective congruency effect: The role of target word frequency of occurrence ,"  Journal of Experimental Social Psychology  42, 365--372.
Norbert Schwarz () "Individualism and collectivism ,"  Journal of Consumer Psychology  16, 324--324.
Yeosun Yoon, Zeynep G\"urhan-Canli, Norbert Schwarz () "The effect of corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities on companies with bad reputations ,"  Journal of consumer psychology  16, 377--390.
Kim Weaver, Stephen Garcia, Dale Miller, Norbert Schwarz () "Metacognitive Beliefs About Groups ,"  ACR North American Advances.
Peter Ubel, George Loewenstein, Norbert Schwarz, Dylan Smith () "Misimagining the unimaginable: the disability paradox and health care decision making. ,"  Health Psychology  24, S57.
O Cha, D Oyserman, Norbert Schwarz () "Turning Asians into Westerners: Priming an independent self-construal in Korea II ,"  annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, New Orleans, LA.
Jing Xu, Norbert Schwarz () "Was it long ago or unimportant? Diverging inferences from difficulty of recall ,"  annual meeting of the Society for Consumer Psychology.
Norbert Schwarz, H Cho, J Xu () "Diverging inferences from identical inputs: The role of naive theories ,"  European Association of Experimental Social Psychology, W\"urzburg, Germany.
Norbert Schwarz () "When Thinking Feels Difficult: Meta-Cognitive Experiences in Judgment and Decision Making. ,"  Medical Decision Making  25.
Ian Skurnik, Carolyn Yoon, Denise Park, Norbert Schwarz () "How warnings about false claims become recommendations ,"  Journal of Consumer Research  31, 713--724.
CL Brown, J Goldberg, Norbert Schwarz () "Why Tip the Waitress?: How Identity Moderates the Conflict Between Economic and Social Norms ,"  ADVANCES IN CONSUMER RESEARCH  32, 588.
C Yoon, I Skurnik, D Park, Norbert Schwarz () "How Warnings Become Recommendations: Paradoxical Effects of Warning on Beliefs of Older Consumers ,"  ADVANCES IN CONSUMER RESEARCH  32, 396.
J Xu, Norbert Schwarz () "Is Driving a BMW More Enjoyable than Driving an Escort? Depends on How You Think About It ,"  ADVANCES IN CONSUMER RESEARCH  32, 39.
B\"arbel Kn\"auper, Norbert Schwarz, Denise Park () "Frequency reports across age groups ,"  Journal of Official Statistics  20, 91.
Daniel Kahneman, Alan Krueger, David Schkade, Norbert Schwarz, Arthur Stone () "The day reconstruction method (DRM). Instrument documentation ,"  Supporting Online Material for Kahneman et al.(2004a), http://www~….
Norbert Schwarz, Fritz Strack, Einige Einsichten aus der sozialen Urteilsbildung, In Neiman () "How to think (and not to think) about your life: Some lessons from social judgment research ,"  Zum Gl\"uck, Akademie Verlag, Berlin, Germany, 163--182.
Dylan Smith, Norbert Schwarz, Todd Roberts, Peter Ubel () "THE PERILS OF INFORMED CONSENT: STANDARD SURVEY INTRODUCTIONS CAN BIAS RESPONSES ,"  The 26th Annual Meeting of the Society for Medical Decision Making.
Lawrence Sanna, Norbert Schwarz () "Integrating temporal biases: The interplay of focal thoughts and accessibility experiences ,"  Psychological science  15, 474--481.
Daniel Kahneman, Alan Krueger, David Schkade, Norbert Schwarz, Arthur Stone () "Toward national well-being accounts ,"  American Economic Review  94, 429--434.
Norbert Schwarz () "Meta-cognitive experiences in consumer judgment and decision making ,"  Journal of Consumer Psychology  14, 332--348.
Markus Kemmelmeier, Herbert Bless, Norbert Schwarz, Gerd Bohner () "What research participants learn from rewards: A conversational logic analysis of rewarding reasoning performance ,"  Cahiers de psychologie cognitive  22, 267--287.
Norbert Schwarz () "Metacognitive experiences: Response to commentaries ,"  Journal of Consumer Psychology  14, 370--373.
B Knauper, Norbert Schwarz () "Why your research may be out of order ,"  Psychologist  17, 28--31.
Norbert Schwarz, Roger Dixon, Lars B\"ackman, Lars-G\"oran Nilsson, others () "New frontiers in cognitive aging ,"  Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Denise Park, Norbert Schwarz, 口ノ町康夫, 坂田陽子, 川口潤 () "認知のエイジング入門編 ,"  北大路書房, 京都.
Daniel Kahneman, Alan Krueger, David Schkade, Norbert Schwarz, Arthur Stone () "A survey method for characterizing daily life experience: The day reconstruction method ,"  Science  306, 1776--1780.
Nathan Novemsky, Ravi Dhar, Itamar Simonson, Norbert Schwarz () "Parallels in the Underpinnings of Constructed Preference and Constructed Attitudes ,"  Advances in Consumer Research  31, 95--98.
Norbert Schwarz () "Errors of judgment and the logic of conversation ,"  Behavioral and Brain Sciences  27, 355--355.
Rolf Reber, Norbert Schwarz, Piotr Winkielman () "Processing fluency and aesthetic pleasure: Is beauty in the perceiver's processing experience? ,"  Personality and social psychology review  8, 364--382.
Norbert Schwarz () "Culture-sensitive context effects: A challenge for cross-cultural surveys ,"  Cross-cultural survey methods, 93--100.
Nathan Novemsky, Ravi Dhar, Itamar Simonson, Norbert Schwarz () "Preference fluency and its effects on no-choice, compromise, and attraction effects ,"  N. Novemsky (Chair), New frontiers in the construction of preferences. Symposium conducted at the meeting of the Association for Consumer Research, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Lawrence Sanna, Norbert Schwarz () "Debiasing the hindsight bias: The role of accessibility experiences and (mis) attributions ,"  Journal of experimental social psychology  39, 287--295.
Norbert Schwarz () "Self-reports in consumer research: The challenge of comparing cohorts and cultures ,"  Journal of Consumer Research  29, 588--594.
L Sagiv, Norbert Schwarz () "Do values influence behavior? Individual differences and temporary accessibility ,"  Manuscript submitted for publication.
Piotr Winkielman, Norbert Schwarz, Tetra Fazendeiro, Rolf Reber, others () "The hedonic marking of processing fluency: Implications for evaluative judgment ,"  The psychology of evaluation: Affective processes in cognition and emotion, 189--217.
Norbert Schwarz, Ian Skurnik () "Feeling and thinking: Implications for problem solving ,"  The nature of problem solving, ed. J. Davidson \& RJ Sternberg, 263--92.
Herbert Bless, Norbert Schwarz, Michaela W\"anke () "The size of context effects in social judgment ,"  Social judgments: Implicit and explicit processes, 180--197.
Gita Johar, Page Moreau, Norbert Schwarz () "Gender typed advertisements and impression formation: The role of chronic and temporary accessibility ,"  Journal of Consumer Psychology  13, 220--229.
Yeosun Yoon, Z Gurhan-Canli, Norbert Schwarz () "When doing good is bad for you: Backfire effects of corporate social responsibility (CSP) activities ,"  Working paper, Jesse H. Jones Graduate School of Management, Rice University~….
Rachel Smith, Norbert Schwarz () "Language, social comparison, and college football: Is your school less similar to the rival school than the rival school is to your school? ,"  Communication Monographs  70, 351--360.
Carol Nickerson, Norbert Schwarz, Ed Diener, Daniel Kahneman () "Zeroing in on the dark side of the American dream: A closer look at the negative consequences of the goal for financial success ,"  Psychological science  14, 531--536.
Norbert Schwarz, Herbert Bless, Michaela W\"anke, Piotr Winkielman () "Accessibility revisited ,"  Foundations of social cognition: A Festschrift in honor of Robert S. Wyer, Jr, 51--77.
Norbert Schwarz, Gerald Clore () "Mood as information: 20 years later ,"  Psychological Inquiry  14, 296--303.
Jason Riis, Norbert Schwarz () "Approaching and avoiding Linda: Motor signals influence the conjunction fallacy ,"  Social Cognition  21, 247--262.
Yeosun Yoon, Zeynep Gurhan-Canli, Norbert Schwarz () "Negative consequences of doing good: The effects of corporate social responsibility (CSR) ,"  working paper, Jones School of Business Administration, Rice University~….
Norbert Schwarz, B\"arbel Kn\"auper () "Congnici\'on, envejecimiento y autoinformes ,"  Envejecimiento cognitivo, 229--250.
Alison Chasteen, Norbert Schwarz, Denise Park () "The activation of aging stereotypes in younger and older adults ,"  The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences  57, P540--P547.
Denise Park, Norbert Schwarz () "Envejecimiento cognitivo ,"  Ed. M\'edica Panamericana.
Norbert Schwarz, Leigh Vaughn () "The availability heuristic revisited: Ease of recall and content of recall as distinct sources of information. ,"  Heuristics and biases  Cambridge University Press.
Norbert Schwarz, Michaela W\"anke () "Experiential and contextual heuristics in frequency judgement: Ease of recall and response scales. ,"  Oxford University Press.
Lawrence Sanna, Norbert Schwarz, Shevaun Stocker () "When debiasing backfires: Accessible content and accessibility experiences in debiasing hindsight. ,"  Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition  28, 497.
Susanne Haberstroh, Daphna Oyserman, Norbert Schwarz, Ulrich K\"uhnen, Li-Jun Ji () "Is the interdependent self more sensitive to question context than the independent self? Self-construal and the observation of conversational norms ,"  Journal of Experimental Social Psychology  38, 323--329.
Norbert Schwarz () "Where are the unique predictions? ,"  Psychological Inquiry  13, 87--89.
Herbert Bless, Norbert Schwarz () "Konzeptgesteuerte Informationsverarbeitung ,"  Huber.
Eric Igou, Herbert Bless, Norbert Schwarz () "Making sense of standardized survey questions: The influence of reference periods and their repetition ,"  Communication Monographs  69, 179--187.
Lawrence Sanna, Norbert Schwarz, Eulena Small () "Accessibility experiences and the hindsight bias: I knew it all along versus it could never have happened ,"  Memory \& Cognition  30, 1288--1296.
B\"arbel Kn\"auper, Norbert Schwarz, Denise Park () "Selbstberichte im Alter ,"  Perspektiven der empirischen Alter (n) ssoziologie  VS Verlag f\"ur Sozialwissenschaften, Wiesbaden, 75--98.
Piotr Winkielman, Norbert Schwarz, Andrzej Nowak () "Affect and processing dynamics ,"  Advances in consciousness research  44, 111--136.
Norbert Schwarz () "Situated cognition and the wisdom of feelings: Cognitive tuning ,"  The wisdom in feelings, 144--166.
Piotr Winkielman, Norbert Schwarz () "How pleasant was your childhood? Beliefs about memory shape inferences from experienced difficulty of recall ,"  Psychological Science  12, 176--179.
Rolf Reber, Norbert Schwarz () "The hot fringes of consciousness: Perceptual fluency and affect ,"  Consciousness \& emotion  2, 223--231.
Alison Chasteen, Denise Park, Norbert Schwarz () "Implementation intentions and facilitation of prospective memory ,"  Psychological Science  12, 457--461.
Norbert Schwarz () "The Psychology of Survey Response, Roger Tourangeau, Lance J. Rips, and Kenneth Rasinski. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000. 401pp, ISBN 0-521-57246-0 (cloth) and 0-521-57629-6 ,"  Oxford University Press.
A Tesser, Norbert Schwarz () "Intrapersonal Processes: Blackwell Handbook of Social Psychology ,"  Oxford: Blackwell.
Norbert Schwarz () "Theories of mood and cognition: A user's guidebook ,"  ), Theories of mood and cognition: A user's guidebook  8, 159--176.
Daniel Kahneman, Ed Diener, Norbert Schwarz, Ursula Staudinger () "More than pleasure? Toward a psychology of growth and strength? ,"  Psyccritiques  46, 552--554.
Alexander Rothman, Geoffrey Haddock, Norbert Schwarz () "“How Many Partners Is Too Many?” Shaping Perceptions of Personal Vulnerability 1 ,"  Journal of Applied Social Psychology  31, 2195--2214.
Norbert Schwarz, Daphna Oyserman () "Asking questions about behavior: Cognition, communication, and questionnaire construction ,"  American Journal of Evaluation  22, 127--160.
Herbert Bless, Norbert Schwarz, Galen Bodenhausen, Lutz Thiel () "Personalized versus generalized benefits of stereotype disconfirmation: Trade-offs in the evaluation of atypical exemplars and their social groups ,"  Journal of Experimental Social Psychology  37, 386--397.
Gerd Bohner, Norbert Schwarz () "Attitudes, persuasion, and behavior ,"  Blackwell handbook of social psychology: Intraindividual processes, 413--435.
Norbert Schwarz () "Questionnaires: Cognitive Approaches ,".
A Tesser, Norbert Schwarz () "Blackwell Handbook of Social Psychology: Intraindividual processes ,"  Blackwell.
Barbara Bickart, Norbert Schwarz () "Service experiences and satisfaction judgments: The use of affect and beliefs in judgment formation ,"  Journal of Consumer Psychology  11, 29--41.
Norbert Schwarz () "Feelings as information: Implications for affective influences on information processing ,"  Theories of mood and cognition: A user's guidebook, 159--176.
Norbert Schwarz, Gerd Bohner () "The construction of attitudes ,"  Blackwell handbook of social psychology: Intraindividual processes  Blackwell, 436.
J Li-Jun, Norbert Schwarz, RE Nisbett () "Culture, Autobiographical Memory, and Behavioral Frequency Reports: Measurement Issues in Cross-Cultural Studies ,"  PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN  26, 585--593.
Li-Jun Ji, Norbert Schwarz, Richard Nisbett () "Culture, autobiographical memory, and behavioral frequency reports: Measurement issues in cross-cultural studies ,"  Personality and social psychology bulletin  26, 585--593.
Robert Belli, Norbert Schwarz, Eleanor Singer, Jennifer Talarico () "Decomposition can harm the accuracy of behavioural frequency reports ,"  Applied Cognitive Psychology: The Official Journal of the Society for Applied Research in Memory and Cognition  14, 295--308.
Ian Skurnik, Norbert Schwarz, Piotr Winkielman () "Drawing inferences from feelings: The role of naive beliefs ,"  The message within: The role of subjective experience in social cognition and behavior, 162--175.
Piotr Winkielman, Norbert Schwarz, Rolf Reber, Tedra Fazendeiro () "Affective and Cognitive Consequences of Visual Fluency: When Seeing is Easy on the Mind. ,"  Visual Persuasion.
Norbert Schwarz () "Emotion, cognition, and decision making ,"  Cognition \& Emotion  14, 433--440.
Norbert Schwarz () "Agenda 2000—Social judgment and attitudes: warmer, more social, and less conscious ,"  European Journal of Social Psychology  30, 149--176.
Norbert Schwarz () "In Memoriam: Seymour Sudman, 1928-2000 ,"  University of Chicago Press.
Norbert Schwarz, B\"arbel Kn\"auper () "Cognition, aging, and self-reports ,"  Cognitive aging: A primer  5, 233--252.
Susanne Haberstroh, Ulrich K\"uhnen, Daphna Oyserman, Norbert Schwarz, others () "Is the interdependent self a better communicator than the independent self? Self-construal and the observation of conversational norms ,"  Sonderforschungsbereich 504, Universit\"at Mannheim \& Sonderforschungsbereich~….
Denise Park, Norbert Schwarz () "Cognitive aging: A primer ,"  Psychology Press.
Herbert Bless, Eric Igou, Norbert Schwarz, Michaela W\"anke () "Reducing context effects by adding context information: The direction and size of context effects in political judgment ,"  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin  26, 1036--1045.
Michaela WSnke, Herbert Bless, Norbert Schwarz () "Assimilation and contrast in brand and product evaluations: Implications for marketing ,"  ACR North American Advances.
Norbert Schwarz () "Frequency reports of physical symptoms and health behaviors: How the questionnaire determines the results ,"  Processing of medical information in aging patients  Psychology Press, 109--126.
Ara Norenzayan, Norbert Schwarz () "Telling what they want to know: Participants tailor causal attributions to researchers' interests ,"  European Journal of Social Psychology.
Carla Grayson, Norbert Schwarz () "Beliefs influence information processing strategies: Declarative and experiential information in risk assessment ,"  Social Cognition  17, 1--18.
B\"arbel Kn\"auper, Charles Cannell, Norbert Schwarz, Martha Bruce, Ronald Kessler () "Improving accuracy of major depression age-of-onset reports in the US National Comorbidity Survey ,"  International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research  8, 39--48.
D. Kahneman, E. Diener, Norbert Schwarz () "Well-being: Foundations of hedonic psychology ,"  Russell Sage Foundation.
Monroe Sirken, Douglas Herrmann, Roger Tourangeau, Judith Tanur, Norbert Schwarz, Susan Schechter () "Cognition and survey research ,"  Wiley New York.
M Wanke, Herbert Bless, Norbert Schwarz () "Lobster, wine and cigarettes: Ad hoc categorisations and the emergence of context effects ,"  MARKETING BULLETIN-DEPARTMENT OF MARKETING MASSEY UNIVERSITY  10, 52--56.
Norbert Schwarz () "Cognitive research into survey measurement: Its influence on survey methodology and cognitive theory ,"  Cognition and survey research, 65--75.
John Payne, James Bettman, David Schkade, Norbert Schwarz, Robin Gregory () "Measuring constructed preferences: Towards a building code ,"  Elicitation of preferences  Springer, Dordrecht, 243--275.
Norbert Schwarz () "Defensible preferences and the public: Commentary on “measuring constructed preferences towards a building code” by Payne, Bettman and Schkade ,"  Journal of Risk and Uncertainty  19, 271--272.
Norbert Schwarz, P Winkielman () "Mood ,"  Encyclopedia of human emotions, 449--454.
Rolf Reber, Norbert Schwarz () "Effects of perceptual fluency on judgments of truth ,"  Consciousness and cognition  8, 338--342.
Norbert Schwarz, Fritz Strack () "Reports of subjective well-being: Judgmental processes and their methodological implications ,"  Well-being: The foundations of hedonic psychology, 61--84.
Geoffrey Haddock, Alexander Rothman, Rolf Reber, Norbert Schwarz () "Forming judgments of attitude certainty, intensity, and importance: The role of subjective experiences ,"  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin  25, 771--782.
Norbert Schwarz () "Self-reports: how the questions shape the answers. ,"  American psychologist  54, 93.
Daniel Kahneman, Edward Diener, Norbert Schwarz () "Foundations of hedonic psychology: Scientific perspectives on enjoyment and suffering ,"  New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Herbert Bless, Norbert Schwarz () "Sufficient and necessary conditions in dual-process models ,"  Dual-process theories in social psychology, 423--440.
Norbert Schwarz, Denise Park, Barbel Knauper, Seymour Sudman, others () "Cognition, aging and self-reports ,"  Psychology Press.
Norbert Schwarz, Carla Grayson, B\"arbel Kn\"auper () "Formal features of rating scales and the interpretation of question meaning. ,"  International Journal of Public Opinion Research.
Piotr Winkielman, Norbert Schwarz, Robert Belli () "The role of ease of retrieval and attribution in memory judgments: Judging your memory as worse despite recalling more events ,"  Psychological Science  9, 124--126.
Norbert Schwarz () "Communication in standardized research situations: A Gricean perspective ,"  Social and cognitive approaches to interpersonal communication  Lawrence Erlbaum, 39--66.
Norbert Schwarz, Denise Park, Barbel Knauper, Seymour Sudman () "Intergeneratinal communication ,"  Cognition, Aging and Self-Reports  Psychology Press, 225--239.
Diederik Stapel, Leonard Martin, Norbert Schwarz () "The smell of bias: What instigates correction processes in social judgments? ,"  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin  24, 797--806.
Norbert Schwarz, Denise Park, Barbel Knauper, Seymour Sudman () "; Cognitive, aging, and self-reports ,"  Cognition, Aging and Self-Reports  Psychology Press, 14--24.
Norbert Schwarz, Denise Park, Barbel Knauper, Seymour Sudman () "Comprehending spoken questions ,"  Cognition, Aging and Self-Reports  Psychology Press, 187--210.
Piotr Winkielman, B\"arbel Kn\"auper, Norbert Schwarz () "Looking back at anger: Reference periods change the interpretation of emotion frequency questions. ,"  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology  75, 719.
Norbert Schwarz () "Warmer and more social: Recent developments in cognitive social psychology ,"  Annual Review of Sociology  24, 239--264.
Norbert Schwarz, Michaela W\"anke, Herbert Bless () "A v\'altoz\'asok szubjektiv felm\'er\'ese \'es \'ert\'ekel\'ese: N\'eh\'any tanuls\'ag a t\'arsadalmi kogn\'\ici\'o vizsg\'alat\'ab\'ol ,"  Osiris Kiad\'o.
Alexander Rothman, Norbert Schwarz () "Constructing perceptions of vulnerability: Personal relevance and the use of experiential information in health judgments ,"  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin  24, 1053--1064.
Ronald Kessler, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Jamie Abelson, Katherine Mcgonagle, Norbert Schwarz, Kenneth Kendler, B\"arbel Kn\"auper, Shanyang Zhao () "Methodological studies of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) in the US national comorbidity survey (NCS) ,"  International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research  7, 33--55.
Norbert Schwarz () "Accessible content and accessibility experiences: The interplay of declarative and experiential information in judgment ,"  Personality and Social Psychology Review  2, 87--99.
Herbert Bless, Norbert Schwarz () "Context effects in political judgement: Assimilation and contrast as a function of categorization processes ,"  European Journal of Social Psychology  28, 159--172.
Robert Belli, Piotr Winkielman, J Read, Norbert Schwarz, Steven Lynn () "Recalling more childhood events leads to judgments of poorer memory: Implications for the recovered/false memory debate ,"  Psychonomic Bulletin \& Review  5, 318--323.
Norbert Schwarz, DC Park, B Kn\"auper, N Davidson, P Smith () "Aging, cognition, and self-reports: Age-dependent context effects and misleading conclusions about agedifferences in attitudes and behavior ,"  Cognitive Aging Conference, Atlanta, GA.
Michaela W\"anke, Herbert Bless, Norbert Schwarz () "Context effects in product line extensions: Context is not destiny ,"  Journal of Consumer Psychology  7, 299--322.
Norbert Schwarz () "Self-reports of behaviours and opinions ,"  Cognition, Aging and Self-Reports  Psychology Press, 27--50.
Norbert Schwarz, Denise Park, Barbel Knauper, Seymour Sudman () "Askingsurvey respondents about health status ,"  Cognition, Aging and Self-Reports  Psychology Press, 242--259.
Norbert Schwarz, Denise Park, Barbel Knauper, Seymour Sudman () "Dynamics of survey interviewing an dthe quality of survey reports ,"  Cognition, Aging and Self-Reports  Psychology Press, 275--295.
Norbert Schwarz, Robert Groves, Howard Schuman () "Survey methods. ,"  Handbook of Social Psychology  McGraw-Hill  1.
Norbert Schwarz, Denise Park, Barbel Knauper, Seymour Sudman () "Autobiographical memory and aging: Distributions of memories across the life span and thier implecations for survey research ,"  Cognition, Aging and Self-Reports  Psychology Press, 152--171.
Rolf Reber, Piotr Winkielman, Norbert Schwarz () "Effects of perceptual fluency on affective judgments ,"  Psychological science  9, 45--48.
Diederik Stapel, Norbert Schwarz () "The Republican who did not want to become president: Colin Powell's impact on evaluations of the Republican party and Bob Dole ,"  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin  24, 690--698.
Norbert Schwarz () "Moods and attitude judgments: a comment on Fishbein and Middlestadt ,"  Journal of Consumer Psychology  6, 93--98.
Norbert Schwarz, Howard Schuman () "Political knowledge, attribution, and inferred interest in politics: the operation of buffer items ,"  International Journal of Public Opinion Research  9, 191--195.
Norbert Schwarz () "Questionnaire design: The rocky road from concepts to answers ,"  Survey measurement and process quality, 27--45.
Norbert Schwarz () "Cognition, communication, and survey measurement: some implications for contingent valuation surveys ,"  Determining the Value of Non-Marketed Goods  Springer, 165--188.
Michaela W\"anke, Norbert Schwarz () "Reducing question order effects: The operation of buffer items ,"  Survey measurement and process quality, 115--140.
Norbert Schwarz, Tracy Wellens () "Cognitive dynamics of proxy responding: The diverging perspectives of actors and observers ,"  JOURNAL OF OFFICIAL STATISTICS-STOCKHOLM-  13, 159--180.
Piotr Winkielman, Robert Zajonc, Norbert Schwarz () "Subliminal affective priming resists attributional interventions ,"  Cognition \& Emotion  11, 433--465.
Raymond Kopp, Werner Pommerehne, Norbert Schwarz () "Determining the value of non-marketed goods: Economic, psychological, and policy relevant aspects of contingent valuation methods ,"  Springer Science \& Business Media  10.
C O’Muircheartaigh, Norbert Schwarz, JJ Hox, A Heath, J Martin, T Johnson, D O’Rourke, N Chavez, S Sudman, R Warnecke, others () "Survey Measurement and Process Quality ,"  Wiley Online Library.
Geeta Menon, Priya Raghubir, Norbert Schwarz () "How much will I spend? Factors affecting consumers’ estimates of future expense ,"  Journal of Consumer Psychology  6, 141--164.
D Kahneman, E Diener, Norbert Schwarz () "Understanding quality of life: Scientific perspectives on enjoyment and suffering ,"  New York: Russell-Sage.
Norbert Schwarz, Seymour Sudman, Ronald Schmeck () "Innovations in Survey Methodology ,"  Psyccritiques  42, 411--412.
Geoffrey Haddock, Alexander Rothman, Norbert Schwarz () "Are (some) reports of attitude strength context dependent? ,"  Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science/Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement  28, 313.
Gerd Bohner, Norbert Schwarz () "The threat of rape: Its psychological impact on nonvictimized women ,"  Sex, power, conflict: Evolutionary and feminist perspectives, 162--175.
Norbert Schwarz () "Cognition and communication: Judgmental biases, research methods, and the logic of conversation ,"  Erlbaum / Psychology Press.
Seymour Sudman, Norman Bradburn, Norbert Schwarz () "Thinking about answers: The application of cognitive processes to survey methodology ,"  Psyccritiques.
P Winkielman, Norbert Schwarz () "Contrast and assimilation with and without awareness: A test of the inclusion/exclusion model ,"  annual meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association, Chicago.
Hans-J Hippler, Norbert Schwarz () "Umfragen ,"  Kontaktlinguistik: ein internationales Handbuch zeitgen\"ossischer Forschung. Goebl, Hans (Hrsg.), Berlin, New-York: de Gruyter, S, 726--733.
A Norenzayan, Norbert Schwarz, A Rothman () "Conversational relevance in the presentation of the self ,"  International Journal of Psychology  31, 18494--18494.
Norbert Schwarz, Gerald Clore () "Feelings and phenomenal experiences ,"  Social psychology: Handbook of basic principles  2, 385--407.
Dov Cohen, Richard Nisbett, Brian Bowdle, Norbert Schwarz () "Insult, aggression, and the southern culture of honor: An" experimental ethnography." ,"  Journal of personality and social psychology  70, 945.
Herbert Bless, Gerald Clore, Norbert Schwarz, Verena Golisano, Christina Rabe, Marcus W\"olk () "Mood and the use of scripts: Does a happy mood really lead to mindlessness? ,"  Journal of personality and social psychology  71, 665.
Norbert Schwarz, Seymour Sudman () "Answering questions: Methodology for determining cognitive and communicative processes in survey research. ,"  Jossey-Bass.
Norbert Schwarz () "Survey research: Collecting data by asking questions ,"  Applied social psychology, 65--90.
Norbert Schwarz, Herbert Bless () "Mental construal processes and the emergence of context effects in attitude measurement ,"  Bulletin of Sociological Methodology/Bulletin de M\'ethodologie Sociologique  48, 101--119.
Michaela W\"anke, Norbert Schwarz, Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann () "Question wording in comparative judgments: Understanding and manipulating the dynamics of the direction of comparison ,"  Public Opinion Quarterly  59, 347--372.
Norbert Schwarz () "Social cognition: Information accessibility and use in social judgment. ,"  Thinking. An Invitation to Cognitive Science  The MIT Press  3, 345--376.
Michaela W\"anke, Norbert Schwarz, Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann () "Asking comparative questions: The impact of the direction of comparison ,"  Public Opinion Quarterly  59, 347--372.
Norbert Schwarz, Hans-J Hippler () "Subsequent questions may influence answers to preceding questions in mail surveys ,"  Public Opinion Quarterly  59, 93--97.
Geeta Menon, Priya Raghubir, Norbert Schwarz () "Behavioral frequency judgments: An accessibility-diagnosticity framework ,"  Journal of Consumer Research  22, 212--228.
Michaela W\"anke, Norbert Schwarz, Herbert Bless () "The availability heuristic revisited: Experienced ease of retrieval in mundane frequency estimates ,"  Acta Psychologica  89, 83--90.
Gwen Wittenbaum, Garold Stasser, Galen Bodenhausen, Norbert Schwarz, Herbert Bless, Michaela Wänke () "Data from 340 subjects were used to study group hypothesis generation in the context of a task of rule induction. Face-to-face groups of four persons, groups of four who exchanged hypotheses but did not otherwise interact, noninteracting groups of four, a ,"  Journal of Experimental Social Psychology  31, 82--105.
Norbert Schwarz, Hans-J Hippler () "The numeric values of rating scales: A comparison of their impact in mail surveys and telephone interviews ,"  International Journal of Public Opinion Research  7, 72--74.
Galen Bodenhausen, Norbert Schwarz, Herbert Bless, Michaela W\"anke () "Effects of atypical exemplars on racial beliefs: Enlightened racism or generalized appraisals? ,"  Journal of Experimental Social Psychology  31, 48--48.
Norbert Schwarz () "What respondents learn from questionnaires: The survey interview and the logic of conversation ,"  International Statistical Review/Revue Internationale de Statistique, 153--168.
Mahzarin Banaji, Irene Blair, Norbert Schwarz, S Sudman () "Implicit memory and survey measurement ,"  Answering questions: Methodology for determining cognitive and communicative processes in survey research.
Stephen Levine, Jr Wyer, Norbert Schwarz () "Are you what you feel? The affective and cognitive determinants of self-judgments ,"  European Journal of Social Psychology  24, 63--77.
Norbert Schwarz, Seymour Sudman () "Autobiographical memory and the validity of retrospective reports ,"  Springer Science \& Business Media.
Norbert Schwarz, H Bless, HJ Hippler, F Strack, S Sudman () "Cognitive and communicative aspects of survey measurement ,"  Trends and perspectives in empirical social research, 257--285.
Norbert Schwarz () "Judgment in a social context: Biases, shortcomings, and the logic of conversation ,"  Advances in experimental social psychology  Academic Press  26, 123--162.
Herbert Bless, Michaela W\"anke, Gerd Bohner, Roland Fellhauer, Norbert Schwarz () "Need for cognition: eine Skala zur Erfassung von Engagement und Freude bei Denkaufgaben: need for cognition: a scale measuring engagement and happiness in cognitive tasks ,"  Zeitschrift f\"ur Sozialpsychologie  25.
Norbert Schwarz, Hans-J Hippler, Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann () "Retrospective reports: The impact of response formats ,"  Autobiographical memory and the validity of retrospective reports  Springer, New York, NY, 187--199.
Norbert Schwarz, Michaela W\"anke, Herbert Bless () "Subjective assessments and evaluations of change: Some lessons from social cognition research ,"  European review of social psychology  5, 181--210.
Gerald Clore, Norbert Schwarz, Michael Conway () "Affective causes and consequences of social information processing ,"  Handbook of social cognition  1, 323--417.
Barbara Bickart, Geeta Menon, Norbert Schwarz, Johnny Blair () "The use of anchoring strategies in the construction of proxy-reports of attitudes ,"  International Journal of Public Opinion Research  6, 375--379.
Fritz Strack, Norbert Schwarz, Herbert Bless, Almut K\"ubler, Michaela W\"anke () "Awareness of the influence as a determinant of assimilation versus contrast ,"  European journal of social psychology  23, 53--62.
Gerd Bohner, Norbert Schwarz () "Mood states influence the production of persuasive arguments ,"  Communication Research  20, 696--722.
Gerd Bohner, Christina Weisbrod, Paula Raymond, Alexandra Barzvi, Norbert Schwarz () "Salience of rape affects self-esteem: The moderating role of gender and rape myth acceptance ,"  European Journal of Social Psychology  23, 561--579.
Herbert Bless, Fritz Strack, Norbert Schwarz () "The informative functions of research procedures: Bias and the logic of conversation ,"  European Journal of Social Psychology  23, 149--165.
James Kuklinski, Ellen Riggle, Victor Ottati, Norbert Schwarz, Jr Wyer () "Thinking About Political Tolerance, More or Less, with More ,"  Reconsidering the democratic public, 225.
JJ Kuklinsky, EJ Riggle, Victor Ottati, Norbert Schwarz, others () "Thinking about political tolerance, more or less, with more or less information ,"  Reconsidering the democratic public.
Herbert Bless, Gerd Bohner, Traudel Hild, Norbert Schwarz () "Asking difficult questions: Task complexity increases the impact of response alternatives ,"  European Journal of Social Psychology  22, 309--312.
Barbara Biller, Herbert Bless, Norbert Schwarz () "Die Leichtigkeit der Erinnerung als Information in der Urteilsbildung: Der Einflu\ss der Fragenreihenfolge [Ease of recall as information: The impact of question order] ,"  Tagung experimentell arbeitender Psychologen, Osnabr\"uck, FRG.
Herbert Bless, Fritz Strack, Norbert Schwarz () "The informative functions of research procedures: bias and the logic of conversation ,"  Deutschland.
Norbert Schwarz, Herbert Bless () "Assimilation and contrast effects in attitude measurement: An inclusion/exclusion model ,"  ACR North American Advances.
Norbert Schwarz, B Scheuring () "Frequency-reports of psychosomatic symptoms: What respondents learn from response alternatives ,"  Zeitschrift fur Klinische Psychologie  22, 197--208.
Gerd Bohner, Stefan Hormuth, Norbert Schwarz () "The" Stimmungs-Skala": presentation and validation of a German version of the" Mood Survey" ,"  The German Journal of Psychology  16.
Ellen Riggle, Victor Ottati, Robert Wyer, James Kuklinski, Norbert Schwarz () "Bases of political judgments: The role of stereotypic and nonstereotypic information ,"  Political Behavior  14, 67--87.
Herbert Bless, Gerd Bohner, Norbert Schwarz () "Gut gelaunt und leicht beeinflussbar? Stimmungseinfl\"usse auf die Verarbeitung persuasiver Kommunikation [In the mood to be persuaded? Mood influences on the processing of persuasive communications] ,"  Psychologische Rundschau  43.
Gerd Bohner, Peter Marz, Herbert Bless, Norbert Schwarz, Fritz Strack () "Zum Einfluss von Stimmungen auf Attributionsprozesse [Mood influences on attribution processes] ,"  Zeitschrift f\"ur Sozialpsychologie  23.
Fritz Strack, Norbert Schwarz () "Communicative influences in standardized question situations: The case of implicit collaboration. ,"  Language, interaction and social cognition  Sage Publications, Inc, 173--193.
Herbert Bless, Gerd Bohner, Brigitte Chassein, Christa Kittel, Arno Kohlhoff, Kerstin Nathusius, Gisela Sch\"ussler, Norbert Schwarz () "Hausmann und Abteilungsleiterin: die Auswirkungen von Geschlechtsrollenerwartungen und rollendiskrepantem Verhalten auf die Zuschreibung von Pers\"onlichkeitseigenschaften: Househusband and career woman: the impact of sexrole expectancies and role discrep ,"  Zeitschrift f\"ur Sozialpsychologie  23.
Michaela W\"anke, Norbert Schwarz () "Comparative Judgements: How the Direction of Comparison Determines the Answer ,"  Deutschland.
Herbert Bless, Diane Mackie, Norbert Schwarz () "Mood effects on attitude judgments: Independent effects of mood before and after message elaboration. ,"  Journal of personality and social psychology  63, 585.
Eleanor Singer, Hans-Juergen Hippler, Norbert Schwarz () "Confidentiality assurances in surveys: Reassurance or threat? ,"  International journal of Public Opinion research  4, 256--268.
Norbert Schwarz, Herbert Bles () "Scandals and the public's trust in politicians: Assimilation and contrast effects ,"  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin  18, 574--579.
Norbert Schwarz, Hans-J Hippler, Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann () "A cognitive model of response-order effects in survey measurement ,"  Context effects in social and psychological research  Springer, New York, NY, 187--201.
Norbert Schwarz, Herbert Bless () "Constructing reality and its alternatives: An inclusion/exclusion model of assimilation and contrast effects in social judgment ,"  The Construction of Social Judgments  Erlbaum.
Norbert Schwarz, Bettina Scheuring () "Selbstberichtete Verhaltens-und Symptomh\"aufigkeiten: Was Befragte aus Antwortvorgaben des Fragebogens lernen. ,"  Zeitschrift f\"ur klinische Psychologie.
Gerd Bohner, Kimberly Crow, Hans-Peter Erb, Norbert Schwarz () "Affect and persuasion: Mood effects on the processing of message content and context cues and on subsequent behaviour ,"  European Journal of Social Psychology  22, 511--530.
Norbert Schwarz, Seymour Sudman () "Context effects in social and psychological research ,"  Springer Science \& Business Media.
Norbert Schwarz, H BLESS, G BOHNER () "SHOULD YOU PUT YOUR AUDIENCE IN A GOOD MOOD-AFFECTIVE STATES AND STRATEGIES OF ATTITUDE-CHANGE ,"  INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY  27, 269--269.
Norbert Schwarz, B\"arbel Kn\"auper, E Higgins () "Der Einflu\ss von Rangordnungsaufgaben auf nachfolgende Denkprozesse: zur Aktivierung prozeduraler Sets ,"  Deutschland.
Norbert Schwarz, Gerald Clore () "How Do I Feel About It? The Informative Function of Affective States ,"  Affect, cognition, and social behavior, eds. JP Forgas, K Fiedler  Hogrefe \& Huber.
James Kuklinski, Ellen Riggle, Victor Ottati, Norbert Schwarz, Jr Wyer () "The cognitive and affective bases of political tolerance judgments ,"  American Journal of Political Science, 1--27.
Hans-J\"urgen Hippler, Norbert Schwarz, Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann, B\"arbel Kn\"auper, Leslie Clark () "Der Einfluss numerischer Werte auf die Bedeutung verbaler Skalenendpunkte ,"  ZUMA Nachrichten  15, 54--64.
Norbert Schwarz () "In welcher Reihenfolge fragen?: kontexteffekte in standardisierten Befragungen ,"  Deutschland.
Norbert Schwarz, Fritz Strack, Hans-J Hippler, George Bishop () "The impact of administration mode on response effects in survey measurement ,"  Applied Cognitive Psychology  5, 193--212.
Norbert Schwarz, Bettina Scheuring () "Die Erfassung gesundheitsrelevanten Verhaltens: Kognitionspsychologische Aspekte und methodologische Implikationen ,"  1991): Gesundheitspsychologie. Zur Sozialpsychologie der Pr/ivention aund Krankheitsbew/iltigung. Heidelberg: Asanger.
Norbert Schwarz, Fritz Strack, H-J Hippler () "Kognitionspsychologie und Umfrageforschung: Themen und Befunde eines interdisziplin\"arene Forschungsgebietes ,"  Psychologische Rundschau  42, 175--186.
Norbert Schwarz, Fritz Strack, Hans-Peter Mai () "Assimilation and contrast effects in part-whole question sequences: A conversational logic analysis ,"  Public Opinion Quarterly  55, 3--23.
Gerd Bohner, Stefan Hormuth, Norbert Schwarz () "Die Stimmungs-Skala: Vorstellung und Validierung einer deutschen Version des „Mood Survey “ ,"  Diagnostica  37, 135--148.
Norbert Schwarz, Herbert Bless, Gerd Bohner () "Mood and persuasion: Affective states influence the processing of persuasive communications ,"  Advances in experimental social psychology  24, 161--199.
Norbert Schwarz, Fritz Strack, Denis Hilton, Gabi Naderer () "Base rates, representativeness, and the logic of conversation: The contextual relevance of “irrelevant” information ,"  Social Cognition  9, 67--84.
Pierre Philippot, Norbert Schwarz, Pilar Carrera, Nannes De Vries, Nico Van Yperen () "Differential effects of priming at the encoding and judgment stage ,"  European Journal of Social Psychology  21, 293--302.
Norbert Schwarz, B\"arbel Kn\"auper, Hans-J Hippler, Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann, Leslie Clark () "Rating scales numeric values may change the meaning of scale labels ,"  Public Opinion Quarterly  55, 570--582.
Norbert Schwarz, F STRACK, HJ HIPPLER () "COGNITIVE-PSYCHOLOGY AND SURVEYS-ISSUES AND FINDINGS OF AN INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH AREA ,"  PSYCHOLOGISCHE RUNDSCHAU  42, 175--186.
Norbert Schwarz, Herbert Bless, Fritz Strack, Gisela Klumpp, Helga Rittenauer-Schatka, Annette Simons () "Ease of retrieval as information: another look at the availability heuristic. ,"  Journal of Personality and Social psychology  61, 195.
Norbert Schwarz, Hans-J\"urgen Hippler () "Response alternatives: The impact of their choice and presentation order ,"  Measurement error in surveys  Wiley, 41--56.
Norbert Schwarz, Fritz Strack () "Communication and social cognition: Human judgment in its social context ,"  Special issue of Social cognition  9, 1--125.
Barbara Bickart, Geeta Menon, Norbert Schwarz, Seymour Sudman, Johnny Blair () "Gender Differences in Proxy Reporting ,"  American Association for Public Opinion Research Conference, Phoenix, AZ.
Fritz Strack, Norbert Schwarz, Michaela W\"anke () "Semantic and pragmatic aspects of context effects in social and psychological research ,"  Social Cognition  9, 111--125.
Norbert Schwarz, Fritz Strack () "Context effects in attitude surveys: Applying cognitive theory to social research ,"  European review of social psychology  2, 31--50.
Norbert Schwarz, Herbert Bless () "Happy and mindless, but sad and smart? The impact of affective states on analytic reasoning ,"  Emotion and social judgments, 55--71.
Fritz Strack, Michael Argyle, Norbert Schwarz () "Subjective well-being: An interdisciplinary perspective. ,"  Pergamon press.
Fritz Strack, Norbert Schwarz, Brigitte Chassein, Dieter Kern, Dirk Wagner () "Salience of comparison standards and the activation of social norms: Consequences for judgements of happiness and their communication ,"  British Journal of Social Psychology  29, 303--314.
Norbert Schwarz, Gerd Bohner () "Stimmungseinfl\"usse auf Denken und Entscheiden ,"  B\"orse und Psychologie.
Norbert Schwarz () "Assessing frequency reports of mundane behaviors: Contributions of cognitive psychology to questionnaire construction. ,"  Review of Personality and Social Psychology  Sage Publications, Inc.
Geeta Menon, Seymour Sudman, Barbara Bickart, Johnny Blair, Norbert Schwarz () "The use of anchoring strategies by proxy respondents in answering attitude questions ,"  American Association for Public Opinion Research Conference, Lancaster, PA.
Hans-J\"urgen Hippler, Norbert Schwarz, Eleanor Singer () "Der Einflu\ss von Datenschutzzusagen auf die Teilnahmebereitschaft an Umfragen ,"  ZUMA nachrichten  14, 54--67.
Norbert Schwarz, Thomas M\"unkel, Hans-J Hippler () "What determines a ‘perspective’? Contrast effects as a function of the dimension tapped by preceding questions ,"  European Journal of Social Psychology  20, 357--361.
Hans-J Hippler, Norbert Schwarz () "Die Telefonbefragung im Vergleich mit anderen Befragungsarten ,"  Telefon und Gesellschaft  2, 437--447.
Norbert Schwarz, Julia Bienias () "What mediates the impact of response alternatives on frequency reports of mundane behaviors? ,"  Applied Cognitive Psychology  4, 61--72.
Norbert Schwarz, Herbert Bless () "Ein Inklusions/Exklusions-Modell von Assimilations-und Kontrasteffekten in der sozialen Urteilsbildung [An Inclusion/Exclusion Model of Assimilation and Contrast Effects in Social Judgment] ,"  Tagung Experimentell Arbeitender Psychologen, Regensburg, FRG.
Norbert Schwarz () "What respondents learn from scales: The informative functions of response alternatives ,"  International Journal of Public Opinion Research  2, 274--285.
Norbert Schwarz () "Feelings as information: informational and motivational functions of affective states. ,"  Handbook of Motivation and Cognition: Foundations of Social Behavior  Guilford Press  2, 527--561.
Herbert Bless, Gerd Bohner, Norbert Schwarz, Fritz Strack () "Mood and persuasion: A cognitive response analysis ,"  Personality and social psychology bulletin  16, 331--345.
Seymour Sudman, Norbert Schwarz () "Contributions of cognitive psychology to advertising research. ,"  Journal of Advertising Research.
Norbert Schwarz, Eva Kurz () "What's in a picture? The impact of face-ism on trait attribution ,"  European journal of social psychology  19, 311--316.
Norbert Schwarz, Hans-J\"urgen Hippler, Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann () "Einfl\"usse der Reihenfolge von Antwortvorgaben bei geschlossenen Fragen ,"  Zuma Nachrichten  13, 24--38.
Hans Hippler, Norbert Schwarz () "‘No Opinion’-Filters: A Cognitive Perspective ,"  International Journal of Public Opinion Research  1, 77--87.
Norbert Schwarz, M W\"anke () "Monadisch testen: Ja oder nein?: kognitionspsychologische Aspekte der Kontrolle interner und externer Einfl\"usse ,"  Deutscher Fachverlag.
Norbert Schwarz, George Bishop, Hans-J Hippler, Fritz Strack () "Psychological sources of response effects in self-administered and telephone surveys ,"  Deutschland.
Hans-J\"urgen Hippler, Norbert Schwarz, Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann () "Response order effects in dichotomous questions: the impact of administration mode ,"  Deutschland.
Norbert Schwarz, Hans-J\"urgen Hippler, Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann, Thomas M\"unkel () "Response order effects in long lists: primacy, recency, and asymetric contrast effects ,"  Deutschland.
Norbert Schwarz, Fritz Strack () "A judgment model of subjective well-being ,"  Recent Advances in Social Psychology, ed. JP Forgas and JM Innes, 267--76.
Fritz Strack, Norbert Schwarz, Brigitte Chassein, Dieter Kern, Dirk Wagner () "The salience of comparison standards and the activation of social norms: consequences for judgments of happiness and their communications ,"  Deutschland.
Victor Ottati, Ellen Riggle, Robert Wyer, Norbert Schwarz, James Kuklinski () "Cognitive and affective bases of opinion survey responses. ,"  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology  57, 404.
Norbert Schwarz, Andreas Bayer () "Variationen der Fragenreihenfolge als Instrument der Kausalit\"atspr\"ufung: Eine Untersuchung zur Neutralisationstheorie devianten Verhaltens ,"  Deutschland.
Fritz Strack, Leonard Martin, Norbert Schwarz () "Priming and communication: Social determinants of information use in judgments of life satisfaction ,"  European journal of social psychology  18, 429--442.
Norbert Schwarz () "Stimmung als Information: Zum Einflu\ss von Stimmungen und Emotionen auf evaluative Urteile. ,"  Psychologische Rundschau  39, 148--159.
Norbert Schwarz, Bettina Scheuring () "Die Vergleichsrichtung bestimmt das Ergebnis von Vergleichsprozessen ,"  Deutschland.
Antje Nebel, Fritz Strack, Norbert Schwarz () "Tests als Treatment: wie die psychologische Messung ihren Gegenstand ver\"andert ,"  Deutschland.
Hans-J\"urgen Hippler, Friedhelm Meier, Norbert Schwarz () "Erste Erfahrungen mit der Erprobung eines interaktiven Befragungs-und Instruktionssystems (IBIS) ,"  ZUMA Nachrichten  12, 79--91.
Norbert Schwarz, Fritz Strack, Gesine M\"uller, Brigitte Chassein () "The range of response alternatives may determine the meaning of the question: Further evidence on informative functions of response alternatives ,"  Social Cognition  6, 107--117.
Norbert Schwarz, Fritz Strack () "Evaluating one's life: A judgment model of subjective well-being ,"  Deutschland.
Norbert Schwarz, Fritz Strack () "The survey interview and the logic of conversation: implications for questionnaire construction ,"  Deutschland.
Norbert Schwarz, Gerald Clore () "How Do I Feel About It? Information Functions of Affective States ,"  Affect, Cognition and Social Behavior (1988: Hogrefe International, Toronto), 44--62.
Norbert Schwarz () "Was Befragte aus Antwortvorgaben lernen: Zur informativen Funktion von Antwortvorgaben bei Verhaltensfragen ,"  Planung und Analyse  15, 103--107.
Norbert Schwarz, Bettina Scheuring () "Judgments of relationship satisfaction: Inter-and intraindividual comparisons as a function of questionnaire structure ,"  European Journal of Social Psychology  18, 485--496.
Gerd Bohner, Herbert Bless, Norbert Schwarz, Fritz Strack () "What triggers causal attributions? The impact of valence and subjective probability ,"  European Journal of Social Psychology  18, 335--345.
Norbert Schwarz, Hans-J\"urgen Hippler, Fritz Strack () "Kognition und Umfrageforschung: Themen, Ergebnisse und Perspektiven ,"  ZUMA Nachrichten  12, 15--28.
Norbert Schwarz () "Ausblick ,"  Stimmung als Information  Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 124--124.
Norbert Schwarz () "Informative und Direktive Funktionen Emotionaler Zust\"ande: Zusammenfassung und Implikationen ,"  Stimmung als Information  Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 111--123.
Fritz Strack, Leonhard Martin, Norbert Schwarz () "The context paradox in attitude surveys: assimilation or contrast? ,"  Deutschland.
Frank Costin, Norbert Schwarz () "Beliefs about rape and women's social roles: A four-nation study ,"  Journal of Interpersonal Violence  2, 46--56.
Norbert Schwarz () "Lebenssituation, Urteilssituation und Berichtete Lebenszufriedenheit: Pl\"adoyer F\"ur Eine Urteilsperspektive ,"  Stimmung als Information  Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 5--9.
Norbert Schwarz, Hans-J Hippler () "What response scales may tell your respondents: Informative functions of response alternatives ,"  Social information processing and survey methodology  Springer, New York, NY, 163--178.
Norbert Schwarz, Dirk Wagner, Maria Bannert, Lucia Mathes () "Cognitive accessibility of sex role concepts and attitudes toward political participation: The impact of sexist advertisements ,"  Sex Roles  17, 593--601.
Hans-J Hippler, Norbert Schwarz () "Response effects in surveys ,"  Social information processing and survey methodology  Springer, New York, NY, 102--122.
Thomas M\"unkel, Fritz Strack, Norbert Schwarz () "Der Einfluss der experimentellen Honorierung auf Stimmung und Wohlbefinden: Macht Schokolade gl\"ucklich ,"  29th Tagung Experimentell Arbeitender Psychologen, Aachen, FRG.
Norbert Schwarz, Fritz Strack, Detlev Kommer, Dirk Wagner () "Soccer, rooms, and the quality of your life: Mood effects on judgments of satisfaction with life in general and with specific domains ,"  European Journal of Social Psychology  17, 69--79.
Norbert Schwarz () "Die Vermittlung von Stimmungseinfl\"ussen auf die Bewertung Des Eigenen Lebens: Missattributionsexperimente ,"  Stimmung als Information  Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 36--60.
Norbert Schwarz () "Stimmung und Berichtete Lebenszufriedenheit: Forschungsstand und Erste Evidenz ,"  Stimmung als Information  Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 10--15.
Norbert Schwarz () "Emotionale Einfl\"usse auf die Informationsverarbeitung und Urteilsbildung: Ein \"Uberblick ,"  Stimmung als Information  Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 16--35.
Norbert Schwarz () "Stimmungseinfl\"usse auf die Beurteilung der Allgemeinen Lebenszufriedenheit und spezifischer bereichszufriedenheiten ,"  Stimmung als Information  Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 61--76.
Norbert Schwarz () "Geschlechtsrollenorientierung und die Einstellung zu Gewalt gegen Frauen: Informationsaktivierung als Alternative zu ex post facto-Versuchspl\"anen. ,"  Psychologische Rundschau.
Norbert Schwarz () "Subjektives Wohlbefinden Als Urteil: Integration Der Ergebnisse ,"  Stimmung als Information  Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 93--110.
George Bishop, Hans-Juergen Hippler, Norbert Schwarz, Fritz Strack () "A comparison of response effects in self-administered and telephone surveys ,"  Social information processing and survey methodology.  Springer.
Norbert Schwarz () "How Respondents Use Response Alternatives To Estimate Behavioral Frequencies. ,"  ERIC.
F Rheinberg, Norbert Schwarz, G Singer () "Symbolische Selbsterg\"anzung und Leistungsmotivation ,"  Zeitschrift f\"ur Sozialpsychologie  18, 50--58.
Norbert Schwarz, Fritz Strack () "How Do Respondents Answer Satisfaction Ques-tions? A Judgment Model of Subjective Well-Being ,"  meetings of the American Association for Public Opinion Research.
Hans-J Hippler, Norbert Schwarz () "Not forbidding isn't allowing: The cognitive basis of the forbid-allow asymmetry ,"  Public Opinion Quarterly  50, 87--96.
Norbert Schwarz, others () "Resistance to Persuasion as a Consequence of Influence Attempts in Advertising and Non-Advertising Communications. ,"  Psychology: A Quarterly Journal of Human Behavior  23, 72--76.
Detlev Kommer, Norbert Schwarz, Fritz Strack, Gabriele Bechtel () "Stimmung und soziale Informationsverarbeitung bei depressiven St\"orungen. ,"  Zeitschrift f\"ur klinische Psychologie, Psychopathologie und Psychotherapie.
Norbert Schwarz, Jr Wyer () "Effects of rank ordering stimuli on magnitude ratings of these and other stimuli ,"  Journal of Experimental Social Psychology  21, 30--46.
Norbert Schwarz, M Robbins, GL Clore () "Explaining the effects of mood on social judgment ,"  Midwestern Psychological Association, Chicago.
Fritz Strack, Norbert Schwarz, Elisabeth Gschneidinger () "Happiness and reminiscing: The role of time perspective, affect, and mode of thinking. ,"  Journal of personality and social psychology  49, 1460.
Norbert Schwarz, Hans-J Hippler, Brigitte Deutsch, Fritz Strack () "Response scales: Effects of category range on reported behavior and comparative judgments ,"  Public Opinion Quarterly  49, 388--395.
Norbert Schwarz () "Theorien konzeptgesteuerter Informationsverarbeitung in der Sozialpsychologie ,"  Theorien der Sozialpsychologie  3, 269--291.
Norbert Schwarz, Wolfgang Servay, Martin Kumpf () "Attribution of Arousal as a Mediator of the Effectiveness of Fear-Arousing Communications ,"  Journal of Applied Social Psychology  15, 178--188.
Norbert Schwarz, Fritz Strack () "Cognitive and affective processes in judgments of subjective well-being: A preliminary model ,"  Economic psychology, 439--447.
Herbert Bless, Norbert Schwarz () "Ist schlechte Stimmung die Ausnahme ,"  Eine Meta-analyse von Stimmungsuntersuchungen.(Is bad mood exceptional? A meta-analysis.).
Hans-Jiirgen Hippler, Norbert Schwarz, Fritz Strack () "Kognitive Wertaktivierung und politische Einstellungen ,"  Jugend und Werte. Aspekte einer Politischen Psychologie des Jugendalters (S. 89-97). Weinheim: Beltz.
Norbert Schwarz () "When reactance effects persist despite restoration of freedom: Investigations of time delay and vicarious control ,"  European Journal of Social Psychology  14, 405--419.
Norbert Schwarz, Julianne Brand () "Effects of salience of rape on sex role attitudes, trust, and self-esteem in non-raped women ,"  European Journal of Social Psychology  13, 71--76.
GL Clore, Norbert Schwarz, J Kirsch () "Generalized mood effects on evaluative judgments ,"  meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association, Chicago.
Norbert Schwarz, Gerald Clore () "Mood, misattribution, and judgments of well-being: Informative and directive functions of affective states. ,"  Journal of personality and social psychology  45, 513.
Fritz Strack, Norbert Schwarz, Rolf Weidner, Gabriele Hippler, Reinhold Schwarz () "Politische Einsch\"uchterung als sozialpsychologisches Problem ,"  Angewandte Sozialpsychologie (S. 195-210). Bern: Huber.
Norbert Schwarz () "Stimmung als Information: zum Einfluss von Stimmungen auf die Beurteilung des eigenen Lebens ,"  Bericht \"uber den  33.
Hans-J\"urgen Hoppler, Reiner Trometer, Norbert Schwarz () "ZUMA-Forschung zur Methodenentwicklung: Bericht \"uber das Projekt" Befragungsexperimente" ,"  ZUMA Nachrichten  7, 4--30.
Norbert Schwarz () "HUMAN INFERENCE-STRATEGIES AND SHORTCOMINGS OF SOCIAL JUDGMENT-NISBETT, RE, ROSS, L ,"  VERLAG HANS HUBER LANGGASS-STRASSE 76, CH-3000 BERN 9, SWITZERLAND.
Gerd Bohner, Uwe Harlacher, Carola Rudolf, Heike Sieger, Norbert Schwarz () "Selbstaufmerksamkeit und K\"orperaufmerksamkeit ,"  G. L\"uer (Hg.), Bericht \"uber den 33. Kongre\ss der Deutschen Gesellschaft f\"ur Psychologie in Mainz. G\"ottingen: Hogrefe.
Norbert Schwarz, Fritz Strack () "Manipulating salience: Causal assessment in natural settings ,"  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin  7, 554--558.
Norbert Schwarz () "Experimentelle Untersuchungen zur Reduktion von Reaktanz durch Freiheitswiederherstellung ,".
Norbert Schwarz, Dieter Frey, Martin Kumpf () "Interactive effects of writing and reading a persuasive essay on attitude change and selective exposure ,"  Journal of Experimental Social Psychology  16, 1--17.
Norbert Schwarz, A Seldina () "Beitrag zur Beurteilung der Methodik der Untersuchung des Mageninhaltes mittels der dicken und d\"unnen Sonde ,"  Digestion  35, 248--263.