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- Excellence in Service: Arvind Bhambri
- Excellence in Teaching: Robert Turrill and Carl Voigt
- Excellence in Research: Cheryl Wakslak and Scott Wiltermuth
- Top Gun (Service, Teaching and Research): Nate Fast
- Evan C Thompson Teaching and Learning Innovation Award: Bob Turrill
- Evan C. Thompson Mentoring and Leadership Award: Kyle Mayer
- Marshall Dean's Award for Research Excellence: Nate Fast and Lori Yue
- Undergraduate Golden Apple Teaching Awards: Chris Bresnahan, Christine El Haddad, and Jody Tolan
- MBA Golden Apple Teaching Award: Peer Fiss
- Mellon Faculty Graduate Student Mentoring Award: Peer Fiss
- Graduate School Advanced Fellowship: Derek Harmon
- 2015-2016 The Harvard Law School Program on Negotiation Graduate Research Fellowship: YooKyoung Kim
- Strategy Research Foundation Dissertation Scholar Award: Yongzhi Wang
- NSF Doctoral Dissertation Research Grant: Mariam Krikorian
- Professor: Kyle Mayer and Peter Kim
- Associate Professor (with tenure): Scott Wiltermuth
- Create and lead initiatives to increase external funding for faculty research.
- Work with Lynn Robinson and other individuals in grant administration to provide advice on grant proposals.
- Serve as Marshall's representative to monthly research meetings held by the university's Vice President for Research.
- Handle and disseminate communications from the USC Office of Research to appropriate parties within Marshall.
- Oversight of Marshall's behavioral lab. Work with faculty who use the lab to seek external research funding.
- Work with the Vice Dean for Faculty and Academic Affairs and others to develop Marshall guidelines on course reductions and other incentives for faculty who obtain significant grants.
- How can organizations identify experiences that matter for leadership development?
- What techniques best help leaders take advantage of experience?
- What lessons do experiences offer and reinforce?
- How can coaching, mentoring, and training support on-the-job development?
- How can experience-based development initiatives align with strategic goals?
- Peter Kim (joint work with doctoral student Derek Harmon)
- Yong Paik (for joint work with Doctoral student Heejin Woo)
News and Events
Ed Lawler was recently inducted into the Thinkers50 2015 Hall of Fame. The Thinkers50 is the most definitive ranking of global management thinkers in the world, with over 20,000 people nominating the top 50 management thinkers this past year. The Hall of Fame is a select subgroup of distinguished thinkers who have all made a lasting and vital impact on how organizations are led and managed. As described at the 2015 Hall of Fame induction ceremony: “They are the giants upon whose shoulders managers and leaders stand.” (01/11/2016)
Stephanie Smallets (with Streamer, Kondrak, & Seery) had a paper accepted for publication in Personality and Individual Differences: Bringing You Down Versus Bringing Me Up: Discrepant Versus Congruent High Explicit Self-Esteem Differentially Predict Malicious and Benign Envy.
Recent research supports the existence of two faces of envy: malicious envy, characterized by the desire to bring an envy target down, and benign envy, characterized by the desire to bring oneself up to the level of an envy target. In the current study, we investigated discrepant high self-esteem (high explicit, low implicit self-esteem) and congruent high self-esteem (high explicit, high implicit) as antecedents of malicious versus benign envy, respectively. Participants with discrepant high self-esteem were particularly likely to rate a target negatively across a variety of attributes and as deserving to fail when the target was an upward rather than downward social comparison, consistent with malicious envy. In contrast, unlike other participants, those with congruent high self-esteem tended to persist longer at a difficult task after an upward rather than downward social comparison, potentially consistent with benign envy. These results suggest novel antecedents of the two faces of envy and novel consequences of self-esteem. (01/07/2016)
Nan Jia was elected to the Board of Directors for the Society for Institutional and Organizational Economics (SIOE). Formerly known as ISNIE—International Society for New Institutional Economics—this global organization promotes rigorous theoretical and empirical investigation of the nature, behavior, and governance of organizations and institutions using approaches drawn from economics, organization theory, law, political science, and other social sciences. Among SIOE’s founders and early presidents were three winners of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences: Ronald Coase, Douglass North, and Oliver Williamson. (01/06/2016)
Peer Fiss (with Ruud T. Frambach, Vrije Universiteit & Paul T.M. Ingenbleek, Wageningen University) had a paper accepted for publication in the Journal of Business Research: How important is customer orientation for firm performance? A fuzzy set analysis of orientations, strategies, and environments.
Prior literature suggests that customer orientation interacts with other strategic factors, but yields mixed effects in terms of performance outcomes. In addition, capturing performance outcomes of complex systems of interdependencies using commonly employed methods, such as regression models, is often difficult. Thus, this study employs a configurational approach, using fuzzy set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fs/QCA), to analyze the constellations of different strategic orientations, strategy types, and market conditions that yield superior performance. The study finds no evidence of high-performing configurations without customer orientation and shows that highly performing firms configure themselves around their customer orientation in three different ways. The results have implications for market orientation theory as well as for configurational and (marketing) strategy research in general. (01/05/2016)
Peer Fiss (with Charles Ragin) just had a book accepted for publication by the University of Chicago Press: Intersectional Inequality: Race, Class, Test Scores and Poverty.
Two features of social science that distinguish it from other ways of representing social phenomena are its explicit dialogue with theory and its commitment to systematic methodology (Ragin and Amoroso 2011). The latter is especially important because methodology provides conventions both for constituting evidence and for crafting representations of social phenomena (i.e., “results”) from evidence. When social research is conducted with the goal of contributing to policy debates, methodology is not a mere academic question, but also a political issue because different methodologies may produce fundamentally different representations of the same evidence (i.e., different “results” or “findings”). Representations can diverge sharply even when the definition of what constitutes relevant evidence (e.g., survey data) is held constant.
The central analytic focus of most policy-oriented social research today is the assessment of the relative importance of competing independent variables in multivariate analyses. For instance, a researcher might ask: “Which variable has the strongest impact on life chances: education, test scores, or family background?” Framing multivariate analyses in terms of a competition between variables dovetails with everyday forms of ideological opposition. That is, there is a direct connection between conventional quantitative methodology and ideological debate because competing variables in multivariate analyses are usually linked to different ideological positions. This linking of variables and ideological positions is apparent in a number of policy debates, including the one generated by The Bell Curve, which spawned a controversy over the importance and use of so-called “intelligence” and school achievement tests as predictors of life chances.
The fact that conventional forms of multivariate analysis, on the one hand, and ideological opposition, on the other, are mutually reinforcing is unfortunate. Their link undermines the potential value of social research to policy discourse, especially in such politically charged arenas as education and social inequality. One consequence of this link is that researchers tend to focus almost exclusively on the competition between variables and fail to consider how different factors may work together and the different contexts that enable one cause versus another. A related consequence is that researchers frequently overlook the possibility that there may be several different paths to the same outcome, involving different combinations of causally relevant conditions. The relevant paths also may differ by other factors, for example, race and gender. The finding that test scores have a significant net effect on life chances, for example, does not help us understand how they have this effect, in what contexts, or in combination with what other factors. A more textured understanding of the connection between test scores and life chances is possible, however, if the analyst is willing to abandon the competition between variables and focus instead on the diverse ways in which combinations of causal conditions and outcomes are linked.
In the chapters that follow we offer an alternative to the conventional approach to the analysis of policy-relevant social data. Instead of asking, "What is the net effect of each independent variable (e.g., test scores versus family background) on the outcome (e.g., avoiding poverty)," we ask, "What combinations of causally relevant conditions are linked to the outcome?" In this view, causal conditions do not compete with each other; rather, they combine in different ways to produce the outcome. This alternate approach allows for the possibility that there may be many paths to the same outcome, and it does not force the incremental effect of each causal variable on the outcome (e.g., on the log odds of avoiding poverty) to be the same for each case. In essence, we propose and offer a diversity-oriented understanding of the connections between causal conditions and outcomes because it views cases intersectionally—in terms of the different ways they combine causally relevant conditions.
The diversity-oriented techniques we use are set-analytic in nature and build upon the case-oriented techniques first presented in The Comparative Method (Ragin, 1987) and then extended in Fuzzy-Set Social Science (Ragin, 2000) and Redesigning Social Inquiry (Ragin, 2008). These works demonstrate how to identify the multiple paths to an outcome using set-analytic methods. By viewing cases intersectionally and causes conjuncturally, it is possible to allow for much greater diversity and heterogeneity, and researchers can address nuanced questions about causal conditions. For example, instead of asking, "What is the net impact of test scores on poverty status?” we can ask, "Under what conditions is there a connection between low test scores and experiencing poverty?" This nuanced question can be answered by examining the different paths to poverty and pinpointing those that include low test scores as part of the mix of causally relevant conditions. Nuanced findings, in turn, are more directly relevant to policy makers and policy discourse and may open up new avenues for moving beyond established positions.
This is quite an accomplishment Peer. University of Chicago Press is arguably the premier publisher of scholarly work in the social sciences in the world. (11/18/2015)
Cheryl Wakslak is one of five young scholars who received the Foundation for Personality and Social Psychology’s 2015 Sage Young Scholar Award. The award is based on demonstrated exceptional achievements in social and/or personality psychology through research that places awardees’ research at the forefront of their peers. Criteria include innovation, creativity, and potential to make a significant impact on the field. (11/13/2015)
Gerry Tellis’ former student, Wayne Zhang (PhD Marshall May 2015), was honored by the Pacific Telecommunications Council as a 2015 Young Scholar in Information and Communication Technologies for his dissertation research on viral diffusion of digital information products. He will present his research at their annual conference in Honolulu in January 2016. (11/10/2015)
Sarah Townsend (with Major, B., Kuntsman, J. W., Malta, B. D., Sawyer, P. J., & Mendes, W. B.) got a paper accepted for publication in the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology: Suspicion of motives shapes minorities’ responses to positive feedback in interracial interactions.
Strong social and legal norms in the United States discourage the overt expression of bias against ethnic and racial minorities, increasing the attributional ambiguity of Whites' positive behavior to ethnic minorities. Minorities who suspect that Whites' positive overtures toward minorities are motivated more by their fear of appearing racist than by egalitarian attitudes may regard positive feedback they receive from Whites as disingenuous. This may lead them to react to such feedback with feelings of uncertainty and threat. Three studies examined how suspicion of motives relates to ethnic minorities' responses to receiving positive feedback from a White peer or same-ethnicity peer (Experiment 1), to receiving feedback from a White peer that was positive or negative (Experiment 2), and to receiving positive feedback from a White peer who did or did not know their ethnicity (Experiment 3). As predicted, the more suspicious Latinas were of Whites' motives for behaving positively toward minorities in general, the more they regarded positive feedback from a White peer who knew their ethnicity as disingenuous and the more they reacted with cardiovascular reactivity characteristic of threat/avoidance, increased feelings of stress, heightened uncertainty, and decreased self-esteem. We discuss the implications for intergroup interactions of perceptions of Whites' motives for nonprejudiced behavior. (11/05/2015)
Cheryl Wakslak [with Dave Kalkstein (NYU), Tali Kleiman (Hebrew U), Cheryl Wakslak (USC), Nira Liberman (Tel Aviv U) and Yaacov Trope (NYU)] just had a paper accepted for publication in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology: Social Learning across Psychological Distance.
While those we learn from are often close to us, more and more our learning environments are shifting to include more distant and dissimilar others. The question we examine in five studies is how whom we learn from influences what we learn and how what we learn influences from whom we choose to learn it. In Study1, we show that social learning, in and of itself, promotes higher level (more abstract) learning than does learning based on one’s own direct experience. In Studies 2 and 3, we show that when people learn from and emulate others, they tend to do so at a higher level when learning from a distant model than from a near model. Studies 4 and 5 show that thinking about learning at a higher (compared to a lower) level leads individuals to expand the range of others that they will consider learning from. Study 6 shows that when given an actual choice, people prefer to learn low level information from near sources and high level information from distant sources. These results demonstrate a basic link between level of learning and psychological distance in social learning processes. (11/04/2015)
Derek Harmon's dissertation proposal was awarded second-place at the recent INFORMS Dissertation Proposal Competition in Philadelphia. Dissertation proposals were judged based on soundness of theory, methodological rigor, boldness and innovation, and potential contribution to the field of organization science. This is a highly prestigious and competitive contest and runner up is quite an achievement. (11/02/2015)
Nan Jia and Kyle Mayer had a paper accepted for publication in Strategic Management Journal: Political Hazards and Firms’ Geographic Concentration.
We examine the relationship between the geographic concentration of a firm’s sales and the firm’s vulnerability to expropriation hazards. Although expanding outside the home location can initially increase a firm’s exposure to government expropriation, we find that this effect reverses when a firm’s sales outside its home location have reached a point at which it has sufficient resources to better influence government actions and to pose a credible threat to exit the market in which it is being targeted. We supplement this main result by identifying two moderating factors: the firm’s level of political capital and the effectiveness of institutional constraints on government behavior. We find support for these hypotheses from survey data on privately owned enterprises in China. (10/28/2015)
Gerry Tellis’ former doctoral student, Wayne Zhang (PhD May 2015) won the Layton Award for best dissertation, from the Australia New Zealand Marketing Academy: “Essays in Understanding Virality of YouTube Video Ads: Dynamics, Drivers and Effects.” Wayne’s study also won an MSI grant. Professors Lan Luo, Debbie MacInnis, and Jinchi Lv served on the dissertation committee. (10/26/2015)
At the recent Society of Strategic Management Annual International Conference, Nandini Rajagopalan and Nan Jia were honored as Strategic Management Journal 2015 Outstanding Board Members. (10/25/2015)
Shon Hiatt won the annual conference Best Paper Award of the Organization and the Natural Environment Division of the Academy of Management for the past two years. To honor this achievement, the ONE Division recently headlined and interviewed Shon in its newsletter. (10/15/2015)
Jake Grandy is on tear. He recently received a Kauffman Dissertation Fellowship from the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation. His dissertation proposal was one of only 20 selected from a very competitive pool of 122 submitted proposals.
Jake also was selected to join the 2015 PhD Sustainability Academy, hosted by the Ivey Business School (Ivey) and the Alliance for Research on Corporate Sustainability (ARCS). His submission was among the most rigorous, innovative, and multi-disciplinary received by the Academy from 32 applicants across 13 countries. (10/06/2015)
Nandini Rajagopalan, along with Helena Yli-Renko from Marshall's BAEP Department, was named to Hot Topics' list of the 100 Top Professors of Entrepreneurship in the world today. These outstanding academics were nominated by the tech executives, entrepreneurs, and investors making up the Hot Topics community, a virtual who's who of entrepreneurship. Criteria for this honor include helping to shape the direction of formal entrepreneurship learning globally and making a significant impact on entrepreneurship knowledge through academic publication. (09/14/2015)
Derek Harmon's dissertation proposal has been selected as a finalist for this year's Organization Science/INFORMS Dissertation Proposal Competition. The finalist proposals scored high on theoretical and methodological rigor as well as boldness and innovation. Derek will present his proposal at the INFORMS 2015 Annual Meeting in Philadelphia in November. (09/08/2015)
At the recent Academy of Management Annual Meeting in Vancouver, Tom Cummings’ article (with Aquinis, Shapiro, & Antonacopoulou) was recognized as Academy of Management Learning & Education 2014 Best Article Award Finalist: “Scholarly impact: A pluralistic conceptualization” (AMLE, 2014 13:623-639). (08/27/2015)
Gerry Tellis’ paper (with Ying Li), has been accepted for publication in Technovation: Does Province Matter? Intra-Country Differences in the Takeoff of New Products.
Multi-national corporations (wrongly) introduce new products in China rather late. Such a strategy arises because research treats all of China as one monolithic country, thus, finding that takeoff occurs quite late. However, for large or multi-ethnic countries, intra country diversity may be quite high, rivaling or exceeding that among inter country differences of some continents (e.g., Europe). This study examines the takeoff of new products among provinces of China based on data of 30 Chinese provinces on 10 categories over 34 years. Rooted in the theory of institutions and product network externalities, this study tests the drivers of new product takeoff using a discrete time hazard model. The major results are as follows: First, time to takeoff varies dramatically across provinces in China. Second, the average time to takeoff varies substantially between products with strong and weak network externalities. Third, time to takeoff is converging across provinces. Fourth, the intra-country differences in time-to-takeoff are explained by economic institutional variables: economic wealth, trade openness, education, media and transportation infrastructure; and product characteristics: network externalities and year of introduction. Fifth, the vast differences in takeoff of new products across provinces suggest that a waterfall strategy within China might be more profitable. (08/25/2015)
Shon Hiatt’s paper (with Chad Carlos of BYU) won the 2015 Best Paper Award from the ONE Division of the Academy of Management at this year’s Academy of Management Annual Meeting in Vancouver, BC.: From farms to fuel tanks: Differential effects of collective action on firms in the emergent U.S. biodiesel sector.
Strategy and entrepreneurship scholars have long been interested in factors that affect new market emergence and firm entry. However, existing literature provides few insights into the factors that influence the types of organizations that enter markets promoted and opposed by social activists. Using the emergent U.S. biodiesel market, we examine how the efforts of new-market proponents (farmer associations) and new-market opponents (environmental groups) differentially influence market entry among category-focused and category-spanning (hybrid) ventures. Quantitative and qualitative evidence indicates that activist tactics to promote new markets positively influenced foundings of category-focused ventures, and this effect decreased as market infrastructure developed. However, greater market contestation negatively impacted foundings and survival of focused ventures, but had little effect on hybrid ventures. The findings contribute to the literature on institutions and entrepreneurship, nonmarket strategy, and industry emergence. (08/24/2015)
Lori Yue’s paper has been accepted for publication in the American Sociological Review: The great and the small: The impact of collective action on the evolution of board interlocks after the panic of 1907.
Conventional research in organizational theory highlights the role of board interlocks in facilitating business collective action. In this paper, I propose that business collective action affects the evolutionary path of interlock networks. In particular, the large market players’ response after a collective action to the classic problem of the “exploitation” of the great by the small provides a mechanism for interlocks to evolve. Through studying the two types of collective action that banks organized during the Panic of 1907, I find that the experience of issuing currency substitutes, a course of collective action that needed to mobilize community support, made bankers more aware of their responsibility for community welfare, and thus in the post-crisis period, bankers were more supportive of the market stabilization strategy of assisting small banks. In contrast, the experience of organizing mutual lending, a course of collective action that highlighted the power of businesses in a way that was independent of the communities in which they were located, led bankers to focus more on their sectional interest and favor the market stabilization strategy of eliminating small banks. These different attitudes toward small banks affected the evolution of the interlock networks between large and small banks. (08/18/2015)
Nate Fast's paper (with Eric Anicich, Nir Halevy, and Adam Galinsky) has been accepted for publication in Organization Science: "When the Bases of Social Hierarchy Collide: Power without Status Drives Interpersonal Conflict."
Leveraging the social hierarchy literature, the present research offers a role-based account of the antecedents of interpersonal conflict. Specifically, we suggest that the negative feelings and emotions resulting from the experience of occupying a low-status position interact with the action-facilitating effects of power to produce vicious cycles of interpersonal conflict and demeaning behavior. Five studies demonstrate that power without status leads to interpersonal conflict and demeaning treatment, both in specific dyadic work relationships and among organizational members more broadly. Study 1 provides initial support for the prediction that employees in low-status/high-power roles engage in more conflict with coworkers than all other combinations of status and power. In Studies 2a and 2b, a yoked experimental design replicated this effect and established low-status/high-power roles as a direct source of the interpersonal conflict and demeaning treatment. Study 3 used an experimental manipulation of relative status and power within specific dyadic relationships in the workplace and found evidence of a vicious cycle of interpersonal conflict and demeaning treatment within any dyad that included a low-status/high-power individual. Finally, Study 4 utilized survey and human resource data from a large government agency to replicate the power without status effect on interpersonal conflict and to demonstrate that power interacts with subjective status change to produce a similar effect; increasing the status of a high-power role reduces conflict whereas decreasing its status increases conflict. Taken together, these findings offer a role-based account of interpersonal conflict and highlight the importance of making a theoretical distinction between status and power (08/03/2015).
Seshadri Tirunillai (PhD, USC Marshall) and Gerry Tellis have won the Lehmann Award for the best dissertation-based article published in Journal of Marketing or Journal of Marketing Research for 2014: "Mining Meaning from Online Chatter: Strategic Brand Analysis of Big Data using Latent Dirichlet Allocation," Journal of Marketing Research, 51, 4 (August). Seshadri's other dissertation paper also won an award – AMA's John D Howard award for best dissertation in Marketing in 2012 (07/23/2015).
Ed Lawler and John Boudreau's book, Global Trends in Human Resource Management: A Twenty Year Analysis, was just published by Stanford University Press. Here is a brief summary:
Since 1995, USC's Center for Effective Organizations (CEO) has conducted the definitive longitudinal study of the human resource management function in organizations. By analyzing new data every three years since then, the Center has been able to consistently chart changes in how HR is organized and managed, while at the same time providing guidance on how professionals in the field can drive firm performance.
Global Trends in Human Resource Management, the seventh report from CEO, provides the newest findings about what makes HR successful and how it can add value to organizations today. Edward E. Lawler III and John W. Boudreau conclude that to adapt to the demands of a changing global marketplace, HR is increasingly required to span the boundaries between its function, the organization as a whole, and the dynamic environment within which it operates (07/13/2015).
In a recent Poets & Quants article on the top students in MBA programs, the selected students were asked to name their favorite professors (The Top MBAs Name Their Favorite Business School Professors). Here is what the top student from Marshall said:
"Professor Carl Voigt. Among the many brilliant, dynamic, and accomplished professors at Marshall Professor Voigt is something extraordinary. He has unconquerable heart: more than anyone I have ever met. After 30 years in academia, he remains certain that he can make the world a better place. And his optimism is infectious. No one works harder nor inspires hard work more than Professor Voigt. He takes on more than any human can possibly accomplish. He is in his office from 5 am until well into the evening. He is there even on his days off. He lives and dies by his students' success. I know that if I am ever in trouble anywhere in the world I can call him for advice (as can any of his students)." – Jennifer Dare / University of Southern California, Marshall School of Business (07/10/2015).
Shon Hiatt and Jake Grandy's (with Brandon Lee) paper, which won the Academy of Management Organizations and the Natural Environment Division's 2014 Best Paper Award, was just accepted for publication in Organization Science: Organizational responses to public and private politics: An analysis of climate change activists and U.S. oil and gas firms.
We explore how activists' public and private politics elicit different organizational responses. Using data on U.S. petroleum companies from 1982-2010, we investigate how climate change activists serving as witnesses at congressional hearings and engaging in firm protests influenced firms' internal and external responses. We find that public politics induced internally focused practice adoption while private politics induced externally focused framing activities. We also find that private and public politics had an interaction effect: as firms faced more private political pressure, they were less likely to respond to public political pressures; similarly, as firms faced greater public political pressure, they were less likely to respond to private political pressures. The results suggest that activists can have a significant impact on firm behavior depending on the mix of private and public political tactics they engage in. We discuss the implications of our study for social movement research, organization theory, and non market strategy. (07/09/2015)
A recent Poets & Quants survey identified the best students from the Class of 2015: The Best Executive MBAs. As reported in Poets & Quants today, when those selected students were asked to name their favorite professor, the student from Marshall responded:
"Professor Arvind Bhambri is my favorite professor. He is very methodical, precise and thorough with his teaching. He provided us with invaluable frameworks that I was able to use to advise our business leaders on modifying our current strategy. It had a great impact on their decision to promote me in a business development position for Roche's key technology." – Pierre-Marie del Moral / University of Southern California, Marshall (07/08/2015).
Gerry Tellis (with Abhishek Borah) just got a paper accepted in Journal of Marketing Research: "Halo (Spillover) Effects in Social Media: Do Recalls of One Brand Hurt or Help Rival Brands?"
Online chatter is important because it is spontaneous, passionate, information rich, granular, and live. Thus, it can forewarn and be diagnostic about potential problems with automobile models, known as nameplates. The authors define perverse halo (or negative spillover) as the phenomenon whereby negative chatter about one nameplate increases negative chatter for another nameplate. The authors test the existence of such perverse halo for 48 nameplates from 4 different brands during a series of automobile recalls. The analysis is by individual and panel Vector AutoRegressive models. Perverse halo is extensive. It occurs for nameplates within the same brand across segments and across brands within segments. It is strongest between brands of the same country. Perverse halo is asymmetric, being stronger from a dominant brand to a less dominant brand than vice versa. Apology advertising about recalls has harmful effects on both the recalled brand and its rivals. Further, these halo effects impact downstream performance metrics such as sales and stock market performance. Online chatter amplifies the negative effect of recalls on downstream sales by about 4.5 times. (06/29/2015)
Henry Matthew Hiatt was born Tuesday, June 23, 2015. He weighed 8 lbs, 8 ounces and measured 19 inches long. Shon Hiatt, Elizabeth and Matthew are doing well, and Jane and the boys love their new little brother. (06/24/2015)
Will miracles never cease?
Tom Cummings (with Gavin Schwarz and Chailin Cummings) got a paper accepted for publication in the Academy of Management Learning & Education (AMLE): Devolution of Researcher Care in Organization Studies and the Moderation of Organizational Knowledge
In this paper, we critically assess how the devolution of researcher care moderates knowledge development in organization studies. Defining researcher care as what scholars are concerned and passionate about, we consider the extent to which individual researchers lose their personal voice in researching organizations. This bounding of care by the research community is a reflection of the way that researchers knowingly alter their care in researching organizations to gain associated career and reputational benefits. We describe how the field's institutional logic for researching organizations enables this devolution to take hold and how larger institutional forces reinforce how it progressively moderates organizational knowledge. We offer preliminary suggestions for addressing the devolution of researcher care in organization studies and ameliorating its threat to knowledge development. (06/16/2015)
Sarah Townsend (with Stephens, N. M., Hamedani, M., Destin, M., & Manzo, V.) got a paper accepted for publication in Psychological Science: A Difference-Education Intervention Equips First-Generation College Students to Thrive in the Face of Stressful College Situations.
A growing social psychological literature reveals that brief interventions can benefit students disadvantaged by traditional educational settings. We tested a key component of the theoretical assumption that interventions exert long-term effects because they initiate recursive processes. We focus, in particular, on how they alter how students respond to specific situations over time. Specifically, we conducted a follow-up lab study with students who participated in a difference-education intervention two years earlier. In the intervention, students learned how their social class backgrounds matter in college (Stephens, Hamedani, & Destin, 2014). The follow-up lab study assessed participants' behavioral and hormonal responses to stressful college situations. We found that all difference-education versus control participants more frequently discussed their backgrounds in a speech, indicating they retained the understanding of how their backgrounds matter. Moreover, first-generation participants (i.e., whose parents do not have four-year degrees) in the difference-education versus control condition in particular showed greater physiological thriving (i.e., anabolic balance), suggesting they experienced their working-class backgrounds as a strength. (06/15/2015)
Priyanka Joshi, Cheryl Wakslak, and Medha Raj (with Yaacov Trope) got a paper accepted for publication in Social Psychological and Personality Science: "Communicating With Distant Others: The Functional Use of Abstraction."
We introduce the construct of relational scope to refer to the degree to which an individual engages in communication with a more or less distant audience, with a contractive relational scope indicating a near audience and an expansive relational scope indicating a distant audience. Drawing on construal level theory, we argue that speakers use abstract messages strategically when faced with an expansive relational scope in order to be widely relevant and relatable. We show that speakers communicate more abstractly with distant others than near others (Studies 1–3) and experience greater fit when message framing matches audience distance (Study 4). We also demonstrate that framing messages abstractly prompts broader relational scope, with speakers more likely to direct concrete (abstract) messages to near (distal) audiences (Study 5). Finally, we show that when procedural information is critical to communication, communication with distant (vs. proximal) others will increasingly emphasize procedures over end states (Study 6). (06/11/2015)
Nate Fast (with Kimberly Rios and Deborah Gruenfeld) had a paper accepted for publication in Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin: Feeling High But Playing Low: Power, Need to Belong, and Submissive Behavior.
Past research has demonstrated a causal relationship between power and dominant behavior, motivated in part by the desire to maintain the social distinctiveness created by one's position of power. In this article we test the novel idea that some individuals respond to high-power roles by displaying not dominance but instead submissiveness. We theorize that high-power individuals who are also high in the need to belong experience the social distinctiveness associated with power as threatening, rather than as an arrangement to protect and maintain. We predict that such individuals will counter their feelings of threat with submissive behaviors in order to downplay their power and thereby reduce their distinctiveness. We found support for this hypothesis across three studies using different operationalizations of power, need to belong, and submissiveness. Furthermore, Study 3 illustrated the mediating role of fear of (positive) attention in the relationship between power, need to belong, and submissive behavior. (06/08/2015)
Adele Xing received the 2015 James D. Ford Fellowship Award. The Marshall School gives this award annually to a third year Ph.D. student who has passed the qualifying exam and who has exceled in scholastic performance. (05/22/2015)
Dear Peer, Dawn, and Fran,
Congratulations for winning the Golden Apple awards for FT MBA Core, MBA.PM Core and MBA electives respectively. We are all very grateful for your dedication. You are an inspiration to the rest of us and we feel privileged to have you teaching in the Marshall MBA programs.
You will be formally recognized at the Commencement Ceremony on May 15, 2015. Hopefully you will be able to attend to receive your hard-earned trophy.
Many thanks to all three of you.
Vice Dean for Graduate Programs
Robert G. Kirby Chair in Behavioral Finance
Professor of Finance and Business Economics
Marshall School of Business
University of Southern California
(05/11/2015 – Peer Fiss)
Heejin Woo successfully defended his dissertation: "Three essays on young entrepreneurial firms".
In this dissertation, I explore the interorganizational relationships of young entrepreneurial firms. In the first essay, I examine how the relationship of a young entrepreneurial firm with a corporate venture capital (CVC) affects the firm's R&D investment strategy. In the second essay, I investigate how a strategic alliance formed by a young entrepreneurial firm influences the strategic benefits of a CVC firm. In the third essay, I examine how relationships of a young entrepreneurial firm with major customers affect the profitability of the firm. By exploring the interorganizational relationships of young entrepreneurial firms, this dissertation attempts to understand better how young entrepreneurial firms interact with stakeholders surrounding them.
Heejin is thankful to his dissertation committee members for their support and guidance, Co-Chairs Yong Paik and Nandini Rajagopalan, Kyle Mayer, and Janet Fulk from Annenberg. (05/08/2015)
Shon Hiatt is on a run. He just received a Kauffman Junior Faculty Fellowship in Entrepreneurship Research. This fellowship is one of only three academic recognition programs initiated by the Kauffman Foundation. It recognizes and supports young world-class scholars who are establishing a record of scholarship that makes significant contributions to the body of research in the field of entrepreneurship.
In addition to this honor, Shon's paper (Brandon Lee & Michael Lounsbury) won the 2015 Best Paper Award at the Sustainability, Ethics, and Entrepreneurship Conference: "Market mediators and the tradeoffs of legitimacy-seeking behaviors in a nascent category."
Very little attention has been directed to understand how new market categories can grow while also maintain strict categorical boundaries necessary for legitimation, a salient tension in current market category research. We posit that market mediators can play an important role in balancing both category growth with general audience acceptance be establishing and enforcing criteria that define category membership. Focusing empirically on the emergence of the U.S. organic food category, we find that standards-based certifying organizations helped the organic food market to grow while also maintain coherent categorical boundaries through the development, evolution, and implementation of standard-setting and verification processes. We discuss the implications of these findings for institutional theory and the literatures on category emergence and market mediators. (05/07/2015)
Yesterday, what a day for MOR faculty and doctoral students. Starting with our own awards and then continuing to the Marshall Awards, MOR faculty and doctoral students received a great deal of recognition and acclaim.MOR Awards
A hearty congratulations to our MOR award winners and recently promoted faculty, well deserved, very well deserved.
Thomas G. Cummings
Professor & Department Chair
Department of Management & Organization
Marshall School of Business
Paul Adler published a book review essay in Administrative Science Quarterly and two articles in a special themed section of Organization Studies that you might find interesting.
Book Review Essay: The Environmental Crisis and Its Capitalist Roots: Reading Naomi Klein with Karl Polanyi (Reviewing: Naomi Klein : This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. the Climate. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2014. 566 pp. $30.00, hardback.) According to the World Wildlife Fund's 2014 report on our "ecological footprint," humanity is currently using the earth's resources 50 percent faster than they can be replenished. In the United States, that rate is nearly 600 percent. And the best evidence suggests that we have only years, not decades, to restore the balance before we tip the planet's natural systems into irreversible cycles that will wreak havoc on vast swathes of nature and on the lives of billions of people around the world. Klein's book marshals evidence for this prognosis and offers a diagnosis and a strategy for responding, though her diagnosis is somewhat blurred. At some points, she claims that the root cause of this environmental crisis lies in the capitalist character of our economy. But at other points she indicts not capitalism as such but rather its neo-liberal variant, and at yet other points she attributes the crisis to an "extractivist mindset." This blurred diagnosis is problematic because such different diagnoses point to very different remedies.
Polanyi (2001) offers a theory of capitalism that helps us decide among the alternative diagnoses. Polanyi's argument supports an indictment of capitalism as such rather than its currently dominant neo-liberal variant or an extractivist mindset. This radical-critical edge in Polanyi's argument has been largely blunted as his work has been absorbed into management studies, in particular by the way our field has misunderstood his concept of embeddedness. Restoring that edge to Polanyi's argument and then reading Klein's book through these lenses leads us to a theoretically grounded diagnosis and from there to a possible remedy—along with some other, far darker possible scenarios for our future. Full text at: http://asq.sagepub.com/content/early/2015/03/17/0001839215579183.full (04/23/2015)
Special Themed Section on Marxist Studies of Organization
April 2015; Vol. 36, No. 4
When Organization Studies Turns to Societal Problems: The Contribution of Marxist Grand Theory
Matt Vidal, Paul Adler, and Rick Delbridge
Marxist theory, we argue, can be a valuable resource as organization studies turns to the urgent societal problems of our times. In order to address these problems, organizational studies needs greater historical depth and interdisciplinarity. We argue that these imperatives necessitate a return to grand theory. Grand theories provide the frameworks needed for integrating in a systematic as opposed to an ad hoc manner both scholarship across disciplines and middle-range theories within disciplines. We show that marxism offers a particularly fruitful grand theory for organization studies and for the social sciences more broadly, because it affords a platform for integrating various social sciences and because it offers penetrating insight into both the longue durée of history and the political-economic dynamics of capitalism. In making our case, we present and defend the core ideas of marxism, including its theory of modes of production, its distinctive theory of "soft" technological and economic determinism, its labor theory of value, and its account of the key developmental tendencies of capitalism—concentration and centralization of capital, socialization, and recurrent crises. We illustrate the power of these ideas by showing how they can be used to enrich organizational research on the 2007-8 financial crisis. And we introduce the four articles in this Special Themed Section, which show the capacity of marxist concepts to reframe and enrich research on traditional and emerging topics in organization studies, including organizational learning and communities of practice, knowledge work, teamwork and collaboration, social media and digital capitalism, and organizational routines and path dependence.
Community and Innovation: From Tönnies to Marx
Paul S. Adler
The idea of community has lurked in various forms in organization studies since the field's inception, but its recent prominence as a critical precondition for innovation makes urgent the resolution of two theoretical puzzles. Both puzzles can be stated in the terms suggested by Tönnies' classic contrast of Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft, community and association. First, it is difficult to reconcile the idea that community is critical to innovation with the traditionalistic character of Gemeinschaft. Second, it is difficult to reconcile any idea of community in work organizations with the conflictual character of the capitalist employment relation and the instrumental Gesellschaft character of the economic sphere. I argue that the resolution of the second puzzle via Marxist theory leads us to a resolution of the first. My thesis, in summary, is that community is a critical component of the capitalist labour-process, and that where this labour-process is oriented toward innovation, community is taking an historically new form. This new form represents a dialectical synthesis of Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft, a form we can call Genossenschaft, or collaborative. The argument is essentially theoretical; I illustrate some key features of this emergent collaborative form with case data from a software services firm. In conclusion I suggest that this new form represents communism developing in the heart of capitalism. (04/23/2015)
Adele Xing has been elected to membership in Phi Kappa Phi, USC's oldest all-University honor society. Founded in 1897, Phi Kappa Phi members have served in the White House, Congress, and the Supreme Court of the United States. They have won Nobel Prizes, Pulitzer Prizes, and numerous other national and international awards. Adele's membership reflects the excellence of her scholarship and her love of learning.
Derek Harmon has been accepted to the Medici Summer School in Management Studies, a prestigious PhD Student workshop at the University of Bologna. This year's theme is "Social valuation in organizational and market contexts" and will include faculty such as Glenn Carroll, Ezra Zuckerman, Gael le Mens, Isabel Fernandez-Mateo, Christophe Van den Bulte, Robb Willer, Emilio Castilla, Gino Cattani, Rodolphe Durand, Simone Ferriani, and Gianni Lorenzoni.
Former MOR doctoral student, Luis Diestre (Associate Professor of Strategy at IE Business School in Madrid), was selected as one of Poets & Quants 2015 The World's Best 40 Under 40 Business School Professors. When asked what scholar he most admired, Luis named Nandini Rajagopalan for her contributions as a scholar and invaluable guidance and mentorship. (04/21/2015)
Peter Monge (joint with Annenberg) will receive the Provost's Award for Mentoring at the USC 2015 Academic Honors Convocation in April. This award is given to a faculty member who has demonstrated sustained success in mentoring USC faculty, graduate students, or undergraduate students, and in helping them to succeed in their research or professional development. (04/14/2015)
Cheryl Wakslak is the winner of the 2015 Greif Research Award for her proposal, "Emphasizing the Forest or the Trees: Exploring the Effects of Construal-Level in Entrepreneurship Pitches." A summary of her award-winning proposal appears below.
Entrepreneurs may vary in how abstractly or concretely they discuss their venture when pitching that venture to investors. In this research, we will explore whether this variation predicts entrepreneur's likelihood of receiving funding, and, if so, why this might be the case. In addition, this research will investigate whether entrepreneurs naturally vary the abstractness of their pitches based on features of the investor they are pitching to, such as his or her status and social similarity to the entrepreneur. Our hope through this work is to develop scholarship that offers novel insights to both entrepreneurs and investors for how to improve their performance in the entrepreneurial funding context. With Derek Harmon winning the 2015 Greif Dissertation Research Award, this is another banner year for MOR's entrepreneurship researchers. (04/14/2015)
Yookyoung Kim received a Graduate Research Fellowship from the Program on Negotiation (PON) at the Harvard Law School. The fellowship will enable her to complete her dissertation and some papers next year.
Yookyoung is grateful to Peter Carnevale and Cheryl Wakslak for their support and recommendation letters on her behalf.
Scott Wiltermuth, David Newman (MOR doctoral student), and Medha Raj (MOR doctoral student) just had a paper accepted for publication in Current Opinion in Psychology: The consequences of dishonesty.
We review recent findings that illustrate that dishonesty yields a host of unexpected consequences. We propose that many of these newly-identified consequences stem from the deceiver choosing to privilege other values over honesty, and note that these values may relate to compassion, material gain, or the desire to maintain a positive self-concept. Furthermore, we argue that conflict between these values and honesty can be used to explain the unexpected consequences of dishonest behavior. We demonstrate that these consequences need not be negative, and discuss research that illustrates that dishonest behavior can help actors generate trust, attain a sense of achievement, and generate creative ideas. In addition, we discuss recently-identified negative consequences that can result from privileging other values over honesty. (04/03/2015)
(From: Gareth M. James)
I am pleased to announce that Frank Nagle will be joining our faculty in the fall as Assistant Professor of Management and Organization. Frank will receive his Ph.D. in technology and operations management from the Harvard Business School this summer.
Frank's research focuses on the digital economy, particularly the effects of information technology and crowdsourced digital goods on firm innovation and productivity. His dissertation examines how free digital goods produced via crowdsourcing can contribute to firm performance; yet, because these goods are priced at zero, their value is frequently underestimated leading to underinvestment in the creation of such goods by firms and governments. Further, the reductions in information costs that enable the production of these goods leads firms to increasingly engage with external communities in a way that weakens firm boundaries.
Frank's research has been published in the journal Research Policy and the books, Oxford Hanbook of Creativity, Innovation and Entrepreneurship and Studies in Mining Social Networks and Security Information. He has presented his research at several international conferences sponsored by the Academy of Management, INFORMS, and the Strategic Management Society.
Please join me in warmly welcoming Frank to the faculty!
Gareth M. James
Vice Dean for Faculty and Academic Affairs
E. Morgan Stanley Chair in Business Administration
Professor of Data Sciences and Operations
Marshall School of Business
University of Southern California
I am delighted to announce that the president has promoted Scott Wiltermuth to Associate Professor of Management and Organization with tenure, effective immediately.
Scott received a PhD in Organizational Behavior from Stanford University in 2009 and joined the Marshall School as an Assistant Professor of Management and Organization later that year. His research appears in the top journals in the field and is recognized as theoretically strong and empirically rigorous. He has been a recipient of the Marshall Dean's Award for Research Excellence. Scott is considered a leading international scholar and expert on the cognitive, social, and physical mechanisms underlying ethical behavior and cooperation in organizations.
Scott is an excellent instructor teaching the required organizational behavior course in both the Marshall MBA Program and the Marshall Undergraduate Program in the same semester, a rare feat by any measure. He spends considerable time mentoring and researching with doctoral students. Scott's service to USC and the organizational behavior profession are outstanding. He has served on the Marshall behavioral lab committee, the MOR PhD admissions committee, and the committee for the MOR Distinguished Speaker Series. In the organizational behavior profession, he has been appointed to the Editorial Boards of theAcademy of Management Journal and Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, arguably the field's top journals.
Scott's promotion is a well-deserved recognition of his outstanding contributions in research, teaching, and service. Please join me in congratulating him.
Gareth M. James
Vice Dean for Faculty and Academic Affairs
E. Morgan Stanley Chair in Business Administration
Professor of Data Sciences and Operations
Marshall School of Business
University of Southern California
Lori Yue had a paper accepted for publication in the American Journal of Sociology: Community Constraints on the Efficacy of Elite Mobilization: The Issuance of Currency Substitutes during the Panic of 1907.
Organizing collective action to secure support from local communities provides a source of power for elites to protect their interests, but community structures constrain the ability of elites to use this power. I argue that elites are not necessarily a dominant group that shapes the order of a field, but may be just one element in several larger fields. Elites' power is not static or self-perpetuating but changing and dynamic. There are situations in which elites are forced into movement-like struggles to mobilize support from their community. The success of elites' mobilization is affected by cultural and structural factors that shape the collective meaning of supporting elites' actions and the identities that are formed in doing so. I find broad support for these propositions in a study of the issuances of small denomination currency substitutes in 145 U.S. cities during the Panic of 1907. Small denomination currency substitutes were more likely to be issued in places where elite cohesion was high, economic inequality was low, religious homogeneity was high, and more neighboring communities had adopted currency substitutes. I discuss the contributions of this paper to elite studies, the social movement literature, and the sociology of money.
Lori would like to thank Peer Fiss, Kelly Patterson, and participants of the O&S group for their feedback and advice on the paper. (03/02/2015)
Gerry Tellis (joint with MKT) had an op ed in the Huffington Post last Friday. (02/13/2015)
Alex Wang, fourth-year MOR doctoral student, has been recognized by Phi Kappa Phi for a 2015 Student Recognition Award. Founded in 1897, Phi Kappa Phi is the largest interdisciplinary honor society in the United States. It is USC's oldest honor society. This award annually recognizes four USC students (undergraduate and graduate) for outstanding artistic and academic works. The winners will be presented with awards at the USC Annual Academic Honors Convocation to be held on April 15th. (02/13/2015)
Mariam Krikorian (with Peer Fiss, dissertation chair) just received a NSF Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant (DDIG) through NSF. This will go a long way towards helping her complete her dissertation research. (02/12/2015)
Cheryl Wakslak had a paper (with Kyu Kim from MKT) accepted for publication in the Journal of Experimental Psychology: General: "Controllable Objects Seem Closer."
We more and more interact with other people across varying amounts of geographical distance. What shapes our categorization of a fixed amount of such distance as near or far? Building upon and expanding prior work on the association between spatial distance perception and reachability, we argue that people judge a given geographical distance as subjectively smaller when they can exert control across that distance. Studies 1-4 demonstrate this effect of control on spatial distance judgment in disparate contexts, including political, work, and family domains, and explore implications of such judgments for the downstream judgment of travel time to a location (Study 2). We do not find that one's desire for control moderates these effects (Study 4). Supporting a cognitive association argument, we find evidence that the association between control and distance is bidirectional, with subjective distance influencing perceived controllability (Study 5). Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed. (02/10/2015)
Lori Yue was interviewed on The ASQ Blog Behind the scenes of the Administrative Science Quarterly: A blog organized by students, for students about her 2013 ASQ article (with Rao and Ingram): "Information Spillovers from Protests against Corporations: A Tale of Walmart and Target." You can read it at http://asqblog.com/2015/01/28/yue-rao-ingram-2013-information-spillovers-from-protests-against-corporations-a-tale-of-walmart-and-target/. (01/29/2015)
Nan Jia has been invited to serve on the editorial board of the Journal of International Business Studies, the top journal in international business. (01/27/2015)
Congratulations to Jake Grandy, Roshni Raveendhran, and Adele Xing for recently passing their quals examination. Kudos to their committee chairs Shon Hiatt, Cheryl Wakslak, and Kyle Mayer respectively. (12/22/2014)
There is a fantastic write-up today in the NY Times on Scott Wiltermuth's research (with Taya Cohen of CMU) on The Guilt-Prone Can Hold Back the Team: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/12/21/business/the-guilt-prone-can-hold-back-the-team.html?ref=business. (12/21/2014)
Yongzhi (Alex) Wang has received a $10,000 grant to support his dissertation from the Strategy Research Foundation of the Strategic Management Society. Alex has been named an SRF Dissertation Scholar for his proposal "Competing in Multiple Platforms: Antecedents and Consequences of Complementors' Mobility". According to the Foundation, "the purpose of the SRF Dissertation Research Program is to aid the development of scholars who generate new knowledge in the field of strategic management - knowledge that will advance the field's theoretical foundations, conceptual views, and applications relevant to more effective management of all types of organizations."
Alex is thankful to his dissertation committee chair Nandini Rajagopalan and dissertation committee member Lori Yue for their support in the application process. (12/08/2014)
Lori Yue has been appointed to the Editorial Board of Administrative Science Quarterly. Needless to say, ASQ is one of the top journals in our field and quite an honor to be on its Board. (11/11/2014)
I am delighted to announce that the president has promoted Peter Kim to Professor of Management and Organization, effective immediately.
Peter received a PhD in Organization Behavior from Northwestern University in 1998 and joined the Marshall School as an Assistant Professor of Management and Organization later that year. He was promoted to Associate Professor with tenure in 2005. Peter's research focuses on the role of social cognition in dispute resolution, with particular attention to trust and its repair after it has been violated. His studies appear in the top journals in the field and are widely cited and recognized as theoretically sophisticated, methodologically rigorous, and often counterintuitive. Peter has won numerous awards for his research and is considered the leading international scholar and expert on trust repair.
Peter teaches the highly-popular MBA elective, Negotiation and Deal Making (MOR 569). He has been instrumental in designing this course and extending it to our undergraduate and executive education programs. Peter also teaches a doctoral seminar on organizational behavior, which provides our doctoral students with a fundamental grounding in this area. Peter works extensively with doctoral students, guiding their research, jointly authoring articles with them, and mentoring their careers.
Peter's service contributions to USC and the organizational behavior profession are outstanding. He leads our faculty and doctoral student recruiting in organizational behavior and has helped to build a highly-recognized research team in this area. Peter has been very influential and visible in leadership roles in the key professional associations for organizational behavior scholars. He has served on the Board of Governors of the International Association for Conflict Management and is currently Program Chair and Division Chair Elect of the Conflict Management Division of the Academy of Management. Peter also is a member of the Editorial Boards of two of his field's top-tier journals, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes and Organization Science.
Peter's promotion is well-deserved recognition of his outstanding contributions in research, teaching, and service over the years. Please join me in congratulating him.
Gareth M. James
Vice Dean for Faculty and Academic Affairs
E. Morgan Stanley Chair in Business Administration
Professor of Data Sciences and Operations
Marshall School of Business
University of Southern California
If Peter's promotion is not enough, I am also delighted to announce that the president has promoted Kyle Mayer to Professor of Management and Organization, effective immediately.
Kyle received a PhD in Business and Public Policy from the University of California-Berkeley in 1999 and joined the Marshall School as an Assistant Professor of Management and Organization later that year. He was promoted to Associate Professor with tenure in 2006. Kyle's research is in strategic management with an emphasis on understanding inter-firm relationships, particularly firms' use of contracts. His research appears in the top journals in the field and is widely cited and recognized as empirically rigorous with strong theoretical grounding in transaction cost economics. Kyle has recently broadened his research to provide a cognitive view of strategic contracting and inter-firm relationships. His is considered the leading international scholar and expert on inter-firm contracting.
Kyle is an exceptional instructor teaching both competitive strategy and global strategy in the Marshall MBA Program. He will always be famous as the professor that came into the core with one day's notice and left 10 years later having received the Golden Apple Award multiple times for his teaching excellence. Kyle also has developed and taught a highly popular MBA elective on alliances and cooperative strategy (MOR 565). He has led the MOR doctoral program for several years and is highly committed to mentoring doctoral students, guiding their research, and authoring journal articles with them.
Kyle's service contributions to USC and the strategic management profession are outstanding. He leads our faculty and doctoral student recruiting in strategic management and has helped to build a productive research team in this area. Kyle has been very influential and visible in leadership roles in the key professional associations for strategic management scholars. He has been elected to several officer roles in the Strategic Management Society and the Business Policy and Strategy Division of the Academy of Management. Kyle is a member of the Editorial Boards of four of our field's top-tier journals and served as the Associate Editor for the Academy of Management Journal, widely regarded as the top journal in management.
Kyle's promotion is well-deserved recognition of his outstanding contributions in research, teaching, and service over the years. Please join me in congratulating him.
Gareth M. James
Vice Dean for Faculty and Academic Affairs
E. Morgan Stanley Chair in Business Administration
Professor of Data Sciences and Operations
Marshall School of Business
University of Southern California
Paul Adler has been elected to an International Research Fellowship by the Novak Druce Centre for Professional Firms at the Said Business School of Oxford University. (11/06/2014)
Given staff member Martha Maimone's busy schedule, it is no surprise that students call her the Energizer Bunny.
After putting in full-time hours managing faculty applicants in the department of management and organization, Maimone drives to Glendale Community College and becomes an adjunct professor herself, teaching English as a Second Language to students one evening and one weekend day each week.
"It isn't hard to keep up when you are doing what you love," she says. "It is a very gratifying career making a difference in my E.S.L. students' lives along with juggling my USC commitments. It has been a total blessing!"
Maimone arrived at USC in 1993, landing at Marshall in 1994. She currently manages more than 150 faculty applicants from around the world via the Faculty Application Manager, among other duties.
Although she already had a bachelor's degree in business administration from the University of LaVerne, Maimone took the opportunity to earn her master's degree at the USC Rossier School of Education, taking one class a semester for three-and-a-half years to earn her M.S. in teaching English to speakers of other languages in 2008.
Maimone, one of nine children, was born in Baltimore, but came to California with her family at the age of 13, settling in the neighborhood surrounding USC. She always has insisted on giving back to the community in which she grew up and now works, serving as a neighborhood ambassador and participating in the Good Neighbor's Campaign, which has raised more than $17.7 million over its 20-year run.
Whew. But of her busy life, Maimone would be the first to tell you it's not about keeping up, it's about giving back.
"If you just help out one person, your life is not in vain, as my mother used to say,"" she smiles. When she's not working or teaching or volunteering or helping somebody out, she is traveling abroad with her son, Uriah, and her husband, Michael, the two jewels in her crown, she says.
Sarah Townsend (with Hall, E.V., and Phillips, K.W.) had an article published in Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 56, 183-190: A rose by any other name? The consequences of subtyping "African-Americans" from "Blacks."
Racial labels often define how social groups are perceived. The current research utilized both archival and experimental methods to explore the consequences of the "Black" vs. "African- American" racial labels on Whites' evaluations of racial minorities. We argue that the racial label Black evokes a mental representation of a person with lower socioeconomic status than the racial label African-American, and that Whites will react more negatively toward Blacks (vs. African-Americans). In Study 1, we show that the stereotype content for Blacks (vs. African- Americans) is lower in status, positivity, competence, and warmth. In Study 2, Whites view a target as lower status when he is identified as Black vs. African-American. In Study 3, we demonstrate that the use of the label Black vs. African-American in a US Newspaper crime report article is associated with a negative emotional tone in that respective article. Finally, in Study 4, we show that Whites view a criminal suspect more negatively when he is identified as Black vs. African-American. The results establish how racial labels can have material consequences for a group. (11/03/2014)
Gerry Tellis (joint with Marketing Department) had a paper accepted for publication in Marketing Science: "Skimming or Penetration? Strategic Dynamic Pricing for New Products" (co-authored with Martin Spann and Marc Fischer).
Current complex dynamic markets are characterized by numerous brands, each with multiple products and price points, and differentiated on a variety of product attributes plus a large number of new product introductions. This study seeks to analyze dynamic pricing paths in a highly complex branded market, consisting of 663 products under 79 brand names of digital cameras. The authors develop a method to classify dynamic pricing strategies and analyze the choice and correlates of observed pricing paths in the introduction and early growth phase of this market. The authors find that, despite numerous recommendations in the literature for skimming or penetration pricing, market pricing dominates in practice. In particular, the authors find five patterns: skimming (20% frequency), penetration (20% frequency), and three variants of market- pricing patterns (60% frequency), where new products are launched at market-prices. Skimming pricing launches the new product 16% above market price and subsequently increases the price relative to the market price. Penetration pricing launches the new product 18% below the market price and subsequently lowers the price relative to the market price. Firms exhibit a mix of these pricing paths across their portfolio. The specific pricing paths correlate with market, firm, and brand characteristics such as competitive intensity, market pioneering, brand reputation, and experience effects. (10/21/2014)
Yongzhi (Alex) Wang and Nandini Rajagopalan had a paper accepted for publication in the Journal of Management's 2015 Annual Review issue: "Alliance Capabilities: Review and Research Agenda."
A significant amount of empirical work has examined the role of alliances in enhancing firms innovative output and economic performance. Most of this research directly relates organizational and environmental attributes to alliance-related outcomes. However, in recent years empirical research has begun to recognize the crucial role of alliance capabilities in explaining performance heterogeneities across alliances and across firms engaging in alliances. But, no systematic review of the growing body of empirical research on alliance capabilities has been undertaken to help us understand why and how capabilities matter. In our paper we first review prior empirical research on alliance capabilities, their antecedents and outcomes in terms of a framework that distinguishes between (a) three levels of analysis: an individual alliance versus a portfolio versus a dyad, and (b) two stages of the alliance: pre-formation versus post-formation. We then advance the literature through an integrative conceptual framework of alliance capabilities that distinguishes capabilities in terms of their effects on value creation and value capture. Finally, we synthesize the insights from our review and integrative framework to provide methodological suggestions and identify under-explored theoretical themes for future work. (10/17/2014)
Gerry Tellis (joint with Marketing) just had an opinion piece in today's Wall Street Journal.
The Columbus Effect
Pioneering is glorious, but later entrants are often the ones who see the true potential of discoveries.
GERARD J. TELLIS
Oct. 12, 2014 5:57 p.m. ET
Christopher Columbus will be feted in many places on Monday as an intrepid explorer, reviled in others as the spearhead of European colonization. But the Genoese ship captain who in 1492 sailed west to parts unknown might be best considered today for what he can tell us about ourselves. The man who successfully pioneered direct cross-Atlantic navigation also died dispossessed and embittered. In this respect Columbus represents a type, not an exception: failing pioneers.
Many scholars believe that pioneers are highly successful, have a high market share, and are long-term leaders of the markets they pioneer. Yet historical analysis shows that pioneers mostly fail, have a lower market share and rarely lead their industries. Long-term market leaders seldom are pioneers. Rather, they are ones who appreciate the discoveries of pioneers, envision the mass market and exploit it profitably.
But the myth lives on. Scholars talk of "first-mover advantage" as though it were a law. Students come out of business school obsessed with being "first to enter," as though it were a pre-eminent strategy. Analysts admonish entrepreneurs to "rush to market." The mantra of consultants: "Better to be first than to be better."
Really? Today's market leaders in many categories didn't pioneer those categories. Microsoft didn't pioneer personal-computer operating systems (QDOS came before) or word processing (WordStar and others came before). Amazon didn't pioneer online books stores (Books.com came before). Apple didn't pioneer mobile music, the smartphone, the tablet ( Sony , BlackBerry and others came before). Google didn't pioneer Internet search (AltaVista, among others, came before). And Facebook didn't pioneer online social networks (Myspace came before).
GETTY IMAGES/IKON IMAGES
Why do pioneers tend to fail in the long run? For the same reason that Christopher Columbus didn't flourish despite his initial success: Pioneers too often cling to their initial intuition, just as Columbus clung for too long to the notion he had reached India. Pioneers focus on the small initial market, failing to envision the vast mass market that they just opened up. Pioneers stick with the initial product even when the market demands relentless innovation. All the while, a surge of later entrants learns from mistakes of pioneers, envisions opportunities and rides on the explosion of new superior technologies.
For example, BlackBerry popularized smart phones with their nifty physical keyboard. But the company ultimately declined because it clung too long to a physical keyboard while consumers were rapidly adopting touch-screen smartphones. Even Thomas Edison fought a bitter losing battle to protect direct current against the then new technology of alternating current—which ultimately became the standard.
Yet pioneering is a glorious term. So much so that those who capitalize on the breakthroughs of others often promote themselves as pioneers, basking in their self-anointed glory and feeding the myth of pioneering advantage. If these later entrants forget their humble roots, though, such self-promotion may lead to self-deception. In today's climate, millions of entrepreneurs the world over are crafting the innovations that can topple overconfident market leaders.
Mr. Tellis, a professor and director of the Center for Global Innovation at the University of Southern California's Marshall School of Business, is the author of "Unrelenting Innovation: How to Create a Culture for Market Dominance" (Jossey-Bass, 2013)
The Novak Druce Centre for Professional Firms at the Said Business School of Oxford University has elected Paul Adler to an International Research Fellowship. This honorary appointment is granted in recognition of the important contribution that Paul has made to academic scholarship in professional service firms. (10/05/2014)
One of the most enjoyable parts of my job is receiving feedback from the department chairs about all the most recent achievements of their faculty. As such I decided to periodically put together a list of the research related achievements of our faculty, such as accepted academic papers, appointments to editorial boards, awards etc. This email is my first attempt. The list below only reflects part of the recent activity of our Marshall faculty but it already represents an impressive set of achievements. I expect the list to grow over time. Please pass on news of this type to your department chair who in turn can notify the rest of the department and myself. I have also attached a pdf with abstract information for a number of papers.
Congratulations to the many faculty listed below!
Gareth M. James
Vice Dean for Faculty and Academic Affairs
Professor of Data Sciences and Operations
Marshall School of Business
University of Southern California
Management and Organization
Morgan McCall (with Jeffrey J. McHenry) had a paper accepted for publication in People & Strategy: "Surviving and Growing from International Experience: The Role Great Bosses Play."
Tom Cummings (Aguinis, H., Shapiro, D. L., Antonacopoulou, E., & Cummings, T. G.) had a paper accepted for publication at Academy of Management Learning and Education: "Scholarly impact: A pluralist conceptualization."
Derek Harmon, with Sandy Green & Thomas Goodnight, had a paper accepted for publication in the Academy of Management Review: "A Theory of Rhetorical Legitimation: The Communicative and Cognitive Structure of Institutional Maintenance and Change."
Shon Hiatt and Jake Grandy
At the recent Academy of Management Annual Meeting, Shon Hiatt and Jake Grandy won the Organizations and the Natural Environment Division's 2014 Best Paper Award: "Institutional Uncertainty as Public Politics: Climate Change Hearings and New Technology Development."
Nan Jia, with Seong-jin Choi, Hanyang University and Jiangyong Lu, Peking University, had a paper accepted for publication in Organization Science: "The Structure of Political Institutions and Effectiveness of Corporate Political Lobbying."
Florenta Teodoridis was the inaugural winner of the DRUID Society's Conference 2014 Steven Klepper Award for Best Young Scholar Paper: "Generalists, Specialists, and the Direction of Inventive Activity." The DRUID Society is a vibrant research network where scholars from all continents exchange and advance ideas and plans to increase the depth, coherence and relevance of Industrial Dynamics.
Marshall's Center for Effective Organizations
Marshall's Center for Effective Organizations has been honored with the Practice Theme Committee of the Academy of Management's PTC Research Center Impact Award 2014. This award recognizes and highly values the outstanding achievements that CEO has made to the practice of management. The award will be given at this year's Academy of Management Annual Conference in Philadelphia.
Ed Lawler has been honored with the Herbert Heneman Jr. Award for Career Achievement for 2014 by the Human Resources Division of theAcademy of Management. This prestigious award is given to an individual who has distinguished himself/herself in the field of human resource management and is based on the following criteria: (1) A clear record of excellence in research; (2) The impact of the nominee's research upon the science, teaching, and practice of human resource management; (3) The stature of the nominee relative to other scholars in the field of human resources management; and (4) Only those people who have a long length of service (25+ years post-graduate school) are eligible for the award. Ed will receive the award at the 2014 Academy of Management meeting in Philadelphia.
Peter Kim has been elected Program Chair Elect for the Conflict Management Division of theAcademy of Management. He will become the Division Chair in a couple of years.
Scott Wiltermuth, with Taya R. Cohen from Carnegie Mellon, had a paper accepted for publication in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology: "I'd only let you down: Guilt Proneness and the avoidance of harmful interdependence."
At the 2014 Alliance for Research in Corporate Sustainability Annual Conference in Ithaca, NY, Shon Hiatt's paper, with Brandon Lee and Michael Lounsbury, won the Outstanding Paper Award: "Market mediators and the tradeoffs of legitimacy-seeking behaviors in a nascent category".
Victor Bennett's paper (with Robert Seamans, NYU and Feng Zhu, Harvard) was accepted for publication in Strategic Management Journal: "Cannibalization and Option Value Effects of Secondary Markets: Evidence from the US Concert Industry."
Eunice Rhee and Peer Fiss
Eunice Rhee and Peer Fiss had a paper accepted at the Academy of Management Journal: "Framing Controversial Actions: Regulatory Focus, Source Credibility, and Stock Market Reaction to Poison Pill Adoption."
Morgan McCall (with Jeffrey J. McHenry) just had a paper accepted for publication in People & Strategy: "Surviving and Growing from International Experience: The Role Great Bosses Play."
Providing international assignments is notoriously expensive; both direct costs (e.g., relocation, school and housing allowance) and potential indirect costs (e.g., derailed or failed executives, lost or missed business opportunities) are very high. Despite the cost, there is no guarantee that expatriates will succeed, much less learn the lessons of their experiences. Recognizing this, many organizations provide special support to their expatriates, including preferred access to training, 360 feedback, mentors, etc. While this kind of support can be helpful, the evidence indicates that the boss has a much more powerful impact on learning from experience than traditional human resources tools, processes, or programs. As part of our study of 50 senior-level bosses identified by their organizations as great talent developers, we asked what exceptional bosses of individuals on international assignments do specifically to help them develop into global leaders. Our analysis of interviews with both bosses and expatriates suggests that great bosses play at least two roles. First, they take special care to manage the degree of difficulty of the expatriate's job assignment and ensure that the expat has the support needed to succeed and learn. Second, they make special investments in career guidance and support. In addition, we found that there are some special aspects to the relationship between bosses who are great talent developers and the expatriates working for them. (08/29/2014)
Tom Cummings (Aguinis, H., Shapiro, D. L., Antonacopoulou, E., & Cummings, T. G.) got a paper accepted for publication at Academy of Management Learning and Education: "Scholarly impact: A pluralist conceptualization."
We critically assess a common approach to scholarly impact that relies almost exclusively on a single stakeholder (i.e., other academics). We argue that this approach is narrow and insufficient, and thereby threatens the credibility and long-term sustainability of the management research community. We offer a solution in the form of a broader and novel conceptual and measurement framework of scholarly impact, a pluralist perspective. It proposes actions that depart from the current win-lose and zero-sum view that lead to false tradeoffs such as research versus practice, rigor versus relevance, and research versus service. Our proposed pluralist conceptualization can be instrumental in enabling business schools and other academic units to clarify their strategic direction in terms of which stakeholders they are trying to affect and why, the way future scholars are trained, and the design and implementation of faculty performance management systems. We argue that the adoption of a pluralist conceptualization of scholarly impact can increase motivation for engaged scholarship and design-science research that is more conducive to actionable knowledge as opposed to exclusive career-focused advances, enhance the relevance and value of our scholarship, and thereby help to narrow the much-lamented chasm between research and practice. (08/28/2014)
Derek Harmon (with Sandy Green & Thomas Goodnight) got a paper accepted for publication in the Academy of Management Review: "A Theory of Rhetorical Legitimation: The Communicative and Cognitive Structure of Institutional Maintenance and Change."
We develop a theory of rhetorical legitimation that specifies the communicative and cognitive structure underlying the maintenance and change of institutions. To do so, we draw on Toulmin (1958) and his idea that social actors can use rhetoric in two structurally distinct ways: intra-field rhetoric and inter-field rhetoric. We use this distinction to develop and advance novel arguments about the role of rhetoric in legitimation processes. Specifically, we theorize how the use of intra-field and inter-field rhetoric shapes and reflects social actors' assumptions of legitimacy at two different levels. We then theorize how the use of intra-field rhetoric relates more to institutional maintenance, while the use of inter-field rhetoric relates more to institutional change. (08/27/2014)
Peter Carnevale to the position of Director of Research Initiatives. This is a new role that we have created at Marshall in our continuing efforts to ensure our faculty have the resources to ensure that they are as research productive as possible. Peter's responsibilities will include:
Peter received his Ph.D. in social and organizational psychology from the State University of New York at Buffalo and he has been a member of our Department of Management & Organization since 2007. Prior to joining USC's faculty, Peter was a full professor in the psychology department at New York University. As a scholar, he studies negotiation, mediation, and conflict in organizations, and has published more than 100 articles and several award-winning books on these topics; his latest award was a "best-paper" award from the conflict management division of the Academy of Management, which met earlier this month in Philadelphia. Peter has extensive experience with federal grants. His current funding includes a 3-year grant from the NSF program on Social-Computational Systems as well as a 3-year grant from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research. Peter also has experience with several NSF programs as a review-panel member.
Peter will be announcing some innovative new research initiatives to incentivize external grant activity at our Fall Faculty meeting on August 29. (08/21/2014)
At the recent American Marketing Association Meeting in San Francisco,Gerry Tellis (joint with Marketing) was named as the 2014 Distinguished Fellow of the American Marketing Association Communications Special Interest Group. (08/15/2014)
I am deeply saddened that our colleague and friend Warren Bennis has passed away. Although I knew this day would come sooner or later as Warren battled a prolonged illness, I assumed, and hoped, it would be later, much later.
We all know of Warren's tremendous contributions to our field, to higher education, and to the practical worlds of business and government. So I will not repeat that legacy. It speaks for itself.
I will reflect on Warren the Department of Management & Organization faculty member, the fellow in the trenches where most of the work gets done. Warren was hands down the hardest working faculty member I ever met. He was tireless beyond belief, spending enormous time, energy, and care on teaching, research, and service. I often told him that he worked like a junior faculty trying to get tenure, and he did, right to the end.
Warren took teaching seriously, very seriously. He taught with a higher purpose of educating students not just instructing them. He accomplished his mission with a good deal of caring, attention, and grace. Warren spent plenty of time reading students' papers, writing copious comments on them, providing verbal feedback. He met with any student who asked to see him, for whatever reason, for however long. Whether an undergrad or a doctoral student, didn't matter in Warren's devotion to students. He prepared for class like he was getting ready to deliver the Gettysburg address. No PowerPoint crutches, Warren penned talking points then delivered them extemporaneously with concepts and anecdotes flowing together in ways that were enlightening, interesting, challenging.
When it came to research, Warren was a true intellectual, someone hard to find in academe today, especially in a business school. He was more searcher than researcher, more fox than hedgehog. Warren generated a remarkable amount of knowledge and will always be remembered for his pioneering work in teams, organization change, and leadership. Yet, at heart, Warren was a relentless learner. He always seemed to be in deep thought, carrying on some inner dialogue, trying to get a better hold on the world he experienced. More than any scholar I know, Warren searched far and wide for insights, from the sciences, the arts, the humanities. He was a voracious reader, listener, and conversationalist. He devoured books and articles; attended all kinds of lectures and symposia; engaged in deep personal exchanges with all sorts of people from the disciplines, the arts, the practical world. Somehow, Warren was able to keep all of this going, to make sense out of it. Thankfully, he shared his journey with us in words, spoken and written, profound and eloquent.
Warren was active in the Department's collegial life. He regularly came to our Friday seminars, read the guest-speaker's paper, came prepared to engage. Despite listening to some of the most arcane academic claptrap imaginable, Warren always asked pertinent questions, typically with his thoughtful 15 to 30 second prelude introducing the query and letting us know where it was coming from. You had to listen carefully or risk getting lost in the run-up. Warren rarely if ever missed a department meeting. When it came to discussing faculty hiring, 4th year reviews, and promotion and tenure cases, he was old fashioned. He made judgments from actually reading candidates' dossiers and articles, rather than relying on A-journal or citation counts. Warren always spoke his mind but actively listened to colleagues' opinions on what were sometimes contentious issues. He was not afraid to publically change his view when he felt he was wrong. I often called on Warren's wisdom and generosity to serve the Department on important matters. He never let me down. Never said he was too busy, even while spending countless hours on Marshall and University alumni affairs, fundraising, and strategic decisions like selecting USC's president.
Personally, I would like to say a few words about the Warren I knew, the man, not the Distinguished Professor and University Professor, not the "internationally recognized authority on leadership," not "an advisor to five U.S. presidents," just Warren with the shock of white hair, the sparkling blue eyes, the nod and smile from across the room.
I first met Warren sometime in the early 1980s. In the beginning, I felt a little uneasy around him. He was everything I wasn't. He dressed impeccably with starched shirts and matching clothes; seemed fit with a perpetual tan; his vocabulary was articulate, full of quotes and words I did not always understand or know how to pronounce; he came across a bit formal, no backslapping, hugging, or joking. He was serious. He seemed to know almost everyone who was worth knowing. He was privy to the inside stuff, the secrets, the rumors, all of it.
In time, I was fortunate to experience up close a deeper, more personal side of Warren. One that was friendlier, more open and caring. Over the past 20 years or so, I would meet with Warren about 2 or 3 times a year, just the two of us talking about our lives, what was happening, what we hoped and dreamed about, what problems we were facing, what paths and roads we intended to trail.
Warren was a wonderful listener. He was sincere in understanding where I was coming from and affirming me as a person. I always felt better about myself after being with Warren.
Warren was a marvelous storyteller. I would ask him a ton of questions about his past, mostly personal some professional, and he would answer every one of them with a story that made me feel I was right there at his side when these things were happening. Through Warren's tales, I got to experience what it was like to fight in a world war, be the worst student in Paul Samuelson's economics doctoral seminar at MIT, be the provost at SUNY-Buffalo during the student protest era, have a major heat attack alone, late at night, in a hotel room in London, be the president of the University of Cincinnati when it was struggling to become a state-supported institution, sit with Steve Sample at USC football games. I could go on and on.
Warren was a genuine renaissance man, who savored the good life on all dimensions. He was interested in and knew a lot about many things, from culinary delights, plays, and movies to art, music, and literature to history, politics, and sports. These were not just passing fancies but real passions to be experienced and enjoyed to the fullest. They gave Warren the vigor and verve that so much defined him.
Warren was devoted to his family. He was proud of his children Katy, John and Will. Grace, dear Grace, came back into Warren's life after almost four decades and brought the love he so much needed and cherished.
Although he never mentioned it to me, Warren's middle name was Gamaliel, which in Hebrew means "reward of God." Reward, indeed.
Warren Gamaliel Bennis, you served the Department and your colleagues well. We will miss you. Shakespeare's poignant words speak our goodbye:
"Good night sweet prince: And flights of angels sing thee to thy rest."
Thomas G. Cummings
Professor & Department Chair
At the recent Academy of Management Annual Meeting, Shon Hiatt and Jake Grandy won the Organizations and the Natural Environment Division's 2014 Best Paper Award: "Institutional Uncertainty as Public Politics: Climate Change Hearings and New Technology Development."
We explore how social movements, through public and private politics, can induce firms to adopt and promote actions that address movement demands. Empirically, we investigate how Congressional hearings in response to climate change activism impacted U.S. oil and gas companies' investment in particular enhanced oil recovery technologies (CO2 injection), as well as how protests against companies influenced firms' framing and promotion of their actions, from 1982-2010. The findings show that public and private politics have differential impacts on organizations by affecting internal and external responses, respectively. The results also indicate that instilling regulatory risk through early phases of the policymaking process can be a significant and perhaps less costly method than traditional emphasis on policy outcomes for social movements when seeking behavioral changes from very powerful and resource-rich organizations. We discuss the implications of our study for social-movement research, organization theory, and nonmarket strategy. (08/09/2014)
Nan Jia (with Seong-jin Choi, Hanyang University and Jiangyong Lu, Peking University) got a paper accepted for publication in Organization Science: "The Structure of Political Institutions and Effectiveness of Corporate Political Lobbying."
This paper investigates how the structure of political institutions influences the effectiveness of corporate political lobbying by shaping the ³veto points² and ³entry points² that lobbying firms encounter and require, respectively, when attempting to influence public policies; in so doing, this study deepens our understanding of the strategic implications of institutional environments. Using large-sample and cross-country firm-level data, we find that the influence of firms¹ lobbying activities on public policies weakens when there are tighter constraints generated as a result of greater political (partisan) competition and more subnational government tiers. We find that the negative association between the effectiveness of lobbying and political (partisan) competition is particularly pronounced in countries with lower electoral accountability and that the negative association between the effectiveness of lobbying and subnational government tiers is particularly pronounced in more centralized political systems. (07/31/2014)
Florenta Teodoridis was the inaugural winner of the DRUID Society's Conference 2014 Steven Klepper Award for Best Young Scholar Paper: "Generalists, Specialists, and the Direction of Inventive Activity." The DRUID Society is a vibrant research network where scholars from all continents exchange and advance ideas and plans to increase the depth, coherence and relevance of Industrial Dynamics. (07/31/2014)
Cheryl Wakslak was interviewed in BusinessWeek about her article (with Pamela Smith and Albert Han) in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol 107(1), Jul 2014, 41-55: "Using abstract language signals power." The interview appears on the following web site: http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2014-07-17/abstract-speakings-power-when-communications-not-in-the-details. (07/27/2014)
Victor Bennett was quoted in the Wall Street Journal about his forthcoming article (with Seamans & Zhu) in the Strategic Management Journal: "Cannibalization and option value effects of secondary markets: Evidence from the US concert industry." Here is the WSJ site with Victor's comments: http://blogs.wsj.com/corporate-intelligence/2014/07/25/musicians-and-promoters-scalpers-may-not-be-the-enemy-after-all/?KEYWORDS=victor+bennett. (07/25/2014)
Marshall's Center for Effective Organizations has been honored with the Practice Theme Committee of the Academy of Management's PTC Research Center Impact Award 2014. This award recognizes and highly values the outstanding achievements that CEO has made to the practice of management. The award will be given at this year's Academy of Management Annual Conference in Philadelphia. (07/01/2014)
Ed Lawler has been honored with the Herbert Heneman Jr. Award for Career Achievement for 2014 by the Human Resources Division of the Academy of Management. This prestigious award is given to an individual who has distinguished himself/herself in the field of human resource management and is based on the following criteria: (1) A clear record of excellence in research; (2) The impact of the nominee's research upon the science, teaching, and practice of human resource management; (3) The stature of the nominee relative to other scholars in the field of human resources management; and (4) Only those people who have a long length of service (25+ years post-graduate school) are eligible for the award. Ed will receive the award at the 2014 Academy of Management meeting in Philadelphia. (06/26/2014)
Gerry Tellis (joint with Marketing) and Marketing PhD student Wayne Zhang were just awarded a research grant from the Marketing Science Institute to study the Virility of YouTube Video Ads. (05/29/2014)
Peter Kim has been elected Program Chair Elect for the Conflict Management Division of the Academy of Management. He will become the Division Chair in a couple of years. (05/22/2014)
During the spring semester, Michael Coombs advised Marshall students orchestrating the second annual three day IBM Watson Case Competition held at USC Marshall April 4-6th. IBM Watson is a SaaS product which reads and understands technology in a manner similar to the human brain. Students were challenged to find new uses for the Watson Engagement Advisor which would improve customer interaction with businesses. Twenty seven multi-disciplinary student teams participated from USC, UCLA, CSUN, and Cal Poly Pomona in the largest event of this type for IBM this year. Coombs, several clinical Marshall faculty, and representatives from IBM assessed the students final recommendations. Networking with IBM representatives gave students opportunities to explore various careers in the technology industry. (05/22/2014)
Scott Wiltermuth (with Taya R. Cohen from Carnegie Mellon) got a paper accepted for publication in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology: "I'd only let you down: Guilt Proneness and the avoidance of harmful interdependence."
Five studies demonstrated that highly guilt-prone people may avoid forming interdependent partnerships with others whom they perceive to be more competent than themselves, as benefitting a partner less than the partner benefits one's self could trigger feelings of guilt. Highly guilt-prone people who lacked expertise in a domain were less willing than were those low in guilt proneness who lacked expertise in that domain to create outcome-interdependent relationships with people who possessed domain-specific expertise. These highly guilt-prone people were more likely than others both to opt to be paid on their performance alone (Studies 1, 3, 4, & 5) and to opt to be paid based on the average of their performance and that of others whose competence was more similar to their own (Study 2 & 5). Guilt proneness did not predict people's willingness to form outcome-interdependent relationships with potential partners who lacked domain-specific expertise (Studies 4 & 5). It also did not predict people's willingness to form relationships when poor individual performance would not negatively affect partner outcomes (Study 4). Guilt proneness therefore predicts whether, and with whom, people develop interdependent relationships. The findings also demonstrate that highly-guilt prone people sacrifice financial gain out of concern about how their actions would influence others' welfare. As such, the findings demonstrate a novel way in which guilt proneness limits free-riding and therefore reduces the incidence of potentially unethical behavior. Lastly, the findings demonstrate that people who lack competence may not always seek out competence in others when choosing partners. (05/19/2014)
At the 2014 Alliance for Research in Corporate Sustainability Annual Conference in Ithaca, NY, Shon Hiatt's paper (with Brandon Lee and Michael Lounsbury) won the Outstanding Paper Award: "Market mediators and the tradeoffs of legitimacy-seeking behaviors in a nascent category"
Very little attention has been directed to understand how new market categories can grow while also maintain strict categorical boundaries necessary for legitimation, a salient tension in current market category research. We posit that market mediators can play an important role in balancing both category growth with general audience acceptance be establishing and enforcing criteria that define category membership. Focusing empirically on the emergence of the U.S. organic food category, we find that standards-based certifying organizations helped the organic food market to grow while also maintain coherent categorical boundaries through the development, evolution, and implementation of standard-setting and verification processes. We discuss the implications of these findings for institutional theory and the literatures on category emergence and market mediators. (05/10/2014)
Luis Diestre, MOR Doctoral Alum (2009), received tenure at IE Business School, Madrid, Spain. Luis' research on environmental management and strategic alliances and innovation in the biopharma industry has been published the Academy of Management Journal, the Strategic Management Journal, and the Journal of Management Studies. He is a member of the Editorial Review Board of the Academy of Management Journal and the Strategic Management Journal. We are especially proud of Luis because the tenure clock at IE is rather short (he had to file his dossier at the end of the fourth year). (05/08/2014)
Victor Bennett, Michael Coombs, and Carl Voigt have been awarded 2014 Golden Apples by the Marshall Business Student Government. This is quite an honor and attests to their teaching excellence and dedication. The award also vividly shows our Department's prominence in teaching as one-third of this year's award winners are MOR faculty. (05/01/2014)
Ed Lawler received The Herbert Heneman Jr. Award for Career Achievement given by the HR Division of the Academy of Management. This is a well-deserved honor and a tribute to the enormous impact that Ed's scholarship has had on the field of human resource management. (04/29/2014)
Peter Monge (joint with Annenberg) has been honored with a 2014 Mellon Mentoring Graduate Student Award. Criteria for this award include consistently doing one or more of the following: Offer sound counsel and valuable information to their mentees in order to advance and develop the mentee's own path to academic and professional success. Generously share their valuable time and expertise in critiquing the mentee's work. Help to create a vital and engaged academic community in their school and at USC. Involve peers and students in publications, grants and conferences, as well as readily sharing knowledge of such opportunities. Make others aware of the contributions and value of their mentees. Serve as role models for their colleagues by maintaining high standards for excellence within their own discipline and at the level of the larger University.
Peter is outstanding on all of these dimensions. Believe me, my wife Chailin has first-hand experience of Peter's mentoring excellence. (04/06/2014)
Victor Bennett's paper (with Robert Seamans, NYU and Feng Zhu, Harvard) was accepted for publication in Strategic Management Journal: "Cannibalization and Option Value Effects of Secondary Markets: Evidence from the US Concert Industry."
We examine how reducing search frictions in secondary markets affects the value appropriated by firms in primary markets. We characterize two effects on primary market firms caused by intermediaries entering secondary markets: the 'cannibalization' and 'option value' effects.
Separation between primary and secondary markets can drive which of the two effects dominates. Firms selling valuable and scarce products are more likely to have separate primary and secondary markets, and will therefore appropriate more value when secondary markets thicken. Firms selling products which are not valuable and scarce will be hurt. Further, we hypothesize that firms have incentives to engineer scarcity by limiting supply when secondary markets thicken to separate primary and secondary markets. We find support for these hypotheses in the U.S. concert ticket industry. (04/04/2014)
Shon Hiatt received a 2014 Greif Faculty Research Award. This year there was an unusually large number of high quality proposals and Shon's was one of only three chosen to be funded. (03/27/2014)
Eunice Rhee and Peer Fiss got a paper accepted at the Academy of Management Journal: "Framing Controversial Actions: Regulatory Focus, Source Credibility, and Stock Market Reaction to Poison Pill Adoption."
We contribute to the research on organizational accounts by examining the role of different framing languages and the frame articulator's credibility on justifying controversial organizational actions. Drawing on regulatory focus theory and the literature on source credibility, we develop novel arguments as to how a gains versus non-losses framing and the perceived speaker credibility influence stakeholder responses as well as how the effectiveness of these aspects is influenced by context. We test our arguments using data on the framing of the adoption of "poison pills" by U.S. firms between 1983 and 2008. Using content analysis and an event study, we find that a gains framing aligned with the dominant institutional logic leads to a positive stock market reaction, while statements emanating from speakers with potentially self-serving interests negatively affect the stock market reaction. Our findings further show that the effectiveness of framing and source credibility are dependent on contextual attributes such as speaker visibility, prior performance, and practice prevalence. (03/23/2014)
Morgan McCall's (with Cynthia McCauley) edited book, Using Experience to Develop Leadership Talent: How Organizations Leverage On-the-Job Development, was just published in the Jossey-Bass SIOP Professional Practice Series.
Developing strong leadership means intentionally leveraging the process of experienced-driven learning. It's a tall order, but 3M, Microsoft, Tata Group, HEINEKEN, and other organizations around the globe have done it. For the first time, the tactics they use to build outstanding leadership are collected in one volume, described by the very people who created them. In this book, I-O professionals, talent managers, and leadership researchers provide answers to questions like:
Praise for Using Experience to Develop Leadership Talent
"It may be obvious that leadership is learned through experience, but it's far from obvious how organizations can use experience more systematically and effectively to develop the leaders they need. This book forges the path from the abstraction to the reality, and the lessons contributors have learned will help anyone interested in using experience to develop leadership talent."
—Edward E. Lawler III, Distinguished Professor, Marshall School, University of Southern California
"Using Experience to Develop Leadership Talent provides a wealth of case examples coupled with current thinking that will help companies grow talent through experience planning. This is a must have volume for talent management and leadership development practitioners in any setting."
—Allan H. Church, Ph.D., Vice President Organization Development & Executive Assessment, PepsiCo
"This exceptional book provides pragmatic case studies of learning through experience that help the reader turn ideas into actions and demonstrate how leading companies develop others through experience. Each case is a unique experience; the cumulative effect of all the cases is a pattern with principles for learning through experiences."
—Dave Ulrich, Professor, Ross School of Business, University of Michigan, and Partner, The RBL Group (03/14/2014)
Gerry Tellis (with former doctoral student, Seshadri Tirunillai, University of Houston) got a paper accepted for publication in Journal of Marketing Research: "Extracting Dimensions of Consumer Satisfaction with Quality From Online Chatter: Strategic Brand Analysis of Big Data Using Latent Dirichlet Allocation."
Online chatter or User-Generated Content (UGC) constitutes an excellent emerging source for identifying dimensions of quality at a very high temporal frequency. This study proposes a unified framework for extracting the latent dimensions of consumer satisfaction with quality and ascertaining the valence, labels, validity, importance, dynamics, and heterogeneity of those dimensions using unsupervised Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA). Our sample of UGC consists of rich data on product reviews across fifteen firms in five markets, over four years. The results suggest that a few dimensions are enough to capture quality. These dimensions have good face and external validity. Dynamic analysis enables tracking the importance of dimensions over time. It also allows for dynamic mapping of competitive brand positions on those dimensions over time. For vertically differentiated markets such as cell phones and computers, objective dimensions dominate and are similar across markets, heterogeneity is low across dimensions, and stability is high across time. For horizontally differentiated markets, such as shoes and toys, subjective dimensions dominate but vary across markets, heterogeneity is high across dimensions, while stability is low over time. (03/13/2014)
Cheryl Wakslak and Albert Han (with Pamela Smith) just had a paper accepted for publication in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology: "Using Abstract Language Signals Power."
Power can be gained through appearances: People who exhibit behavioral signals of power are often treated in a way that allows them to actually achieve such power (Ridgeway, Berger, & Smith, 1985; Smith & Galinsky, 2010). In the current paper we examine power signals within interpersonal communication, exploring whether use of concrete versus abstract language is seen as a signal of power. Since power activates abstraction (e.g., Smith & Trope, 2006), perceivers may expect higher-power individuals to speak more abstractly and therefore will infer that speakers who use more abstract language have a higher degree of power. Across a variety of contexts and conversational subjects in six experiments, participants perceived respondents as more powerful when they used more abstract language (versus more concrete language). Abstract language use appears to affect perceived power because it seems to reflect both a willingness to judge and a general style of abstract thinking. (03/05/2014)
John Boudreau is becoming a regular on Larry Mantle's Airtalk on 89.3 KPCC. He is slated to be on the air tomorrow, Tuesday March 4, from 11:45 am to 12:10 pm. (03/03/2014)
Nate Fast was just selected to the Poets&Quants' list of The 40 Most Outstanding B-School Profs Under 40 In The World: http://poetsandquants.com/2014/02/12/the-40-best-b-school-profs-under-40/4/. These rising stars, who represent elite schools from around the globe, excel in both research and the classroom. They were chosen from nominations by business-school officials, faculty, students, and alumni. (02/12/2014)
Vern Glaser has accepted a position as Assistant Professor of Strategic Management & Organization at the University of Alberta School of Business. The University of Alberta is one of Canada's leading research-intensive institutions with over 38,000 students. Vern joins a renowned community of management scholars in the likes of Dev Jennings, Bob Hinings, Royston Greenwood, Mike Lounsbury, and Roy Suddaby. (02/11/2014)
Sarah Townsend¹s research on how to lower stress was recently cited on CNN and in the Huffington Post, the Daily Trojan, and USC News:
In separate stories, our own John Boudreau and Scott Wiltermuth had great visibility on Larry Mantle's Airtalk. John discussed hiring techniques –how companies are using games and intelligence tests to hire and how these are being perceived as more effective and efficient than multiple rounds of interviews http://www.scpr.org/programs/airtalk/2014/01/24/35717/new-tech-taps-into-human-resource-needs/. Scott commented on journalist Steven Glass' deception and his efforts to attend law school http://www.scpr.org/programs/airtalk/2014/01/27/35732/famous-fabricator-stephen-glass-tests-our-capacity/. (01/27/2014)
Scott Wiltermuth's research on ethical transgressions was highlighted yesterday in the Los Angeles Times: http://www.latimes.com/business/money/la-fi-mo-heres-why-madoff-employees-went-along-with-his-scam-20140117,0,5732846.story#axzz2qgizttyx. (01/08/2014)
Paul Adler has been invited to give the 19th annual Clarendon Lectures in Management Studies in 2015 at the Said Business School, Oxford. His lectures will be published in a book from Oxford University Press. This is quite an honor. Paul joins a distinguished group of former Clarendon Lecture scholars including David Teese, Manuel Castells, Ron Burt, Woody Powell, Bruno Latour, Clayton Christensen, Joel Podolny, and Kathy Eisenhardt. (12/04/2013)
Cheryl Wakslak (with Yaacov Trope from NYU) was awarded an NSF grant for $450,000 over three years (split between USC and NYU). The grant will help fund her research on "Learning from Near and Distant Others" (summary attached). (12/02/2013)
Yongzhi (Alex) Wang passed his doctoral qualifying exam this afternoon. His committee was comprised of Nandini Rajagopalan (Chair), Nan Jia, Lori Yue, Gerry Tellis (Marketing), and Cheng Hsiao (Economics). Congratulations Alex. Now on to the work/fun of doing a dissertation! (11/25/2013)
Cheryl Wakslak (with Jennifer Mueller, University of San Diego and Vish Krishnan, University of California, San Diego) recently had a paper accepted for publication in the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology: "Construing creativity: The how and why of recognizing creative ideas."
While prior theory proposes that domain knowledge is the main factor that determines creativity assessments, we provide theory and evidence to suggest that situational factors can also alter what people view as creative. Specifically, we test the notion that one's current construal-level can shift what people perceive as creative. We employ three studies manipulating construal in two ways (i.e., with spatial distance and construal level mindset priming) to show that people with low-level and high-level construal orientations differ in creativity assessments of the same idea. We further show that low- and high-level construals do not alter perceptions of ideas low in creativity, and that uncertainty sometimes mediates the relationship between construal level priming and creativity assessments of an examined idea. These findings shed light on why people desire but often reject creativity, and suggest practical solutions to help organizations (e.g., journals, government agencies, venture capitalists) spot creative ideas. (11/20/2013)
Gerry Tellis (joint with Marketing) has a new article published in the Journal of Retailing: "To Whom, When and How Much to Discount? A Constrained Optimization of Customized Temporal Discounts."
Customized temporal discounts are price cuts or coupons that are tailored by size, timing, and household to maximize profits to a retailer or manufacturer. The authors show how such discounts allow companies to optimize to whom, when, and how much to discount. Such a scheme allows firms to send just enough discounts just prior to the individual's purchase of a rival brand. To do so, the authors model household purchase timing and brand choice in response to discounts and use Bayesian estimation to obtain individual household parameters. They illustrate the model on a Japanese data set having price cuts, a US data set having coupons, and another US data set having discounts. They formulate the optimization task of customized temporal coupons as a constrained multiple-knapsack problem under a given budget. They use simulations of the empirical contexts to obtain optimal solutions and to assess improvement in profits relative to existing practice and alternate models in the literature. The proposed model yields increase in profits of 18–40 percent relative to a standard model that optimizes the value but not timing of discounts. (11/19/2013)
The forthcoming December 2013 issue of Administrative Science Quarterly should be dedicated to MOR. Two of the five articles are by Sun Park and by Lori Yue respectively, both first authored.
Social Discrimination in the Corporate Elite: How Status Affects the Propensity for Minority CEOs to Receive Blame for Low Firm Performance
Sun Hyun Park and James D. Westphal
Administrative Science Quarterly 2013;58 542-586
Information Spillovers from Protests against Corporations: A Tale of Walmart and Target
Lori Qingyuan Yue, Hayagreeva Rao, and Paul Ingram
Administrative Science Quarterly 2013;58 669-701
Carl Voigt was honored with the Steven B. Sample Teaching and Mentoring Award. This award is given by the USC Parents Association and is the only faculty recognition award that is initiated by Trojan parents and family members. (11/15/2013)
Adam Wood successfully defended his dissertation today: The Cost of a Poker-Face: Consequences of Self-Regulation on Emotion Recognition and Interpersonal Perception.
Good going to his committee chair, Scott Wiltermuth, and his committee members, Tom Cummings and Stephen Read (Psychology Department). (10/23/2013)
Scott Wiltermuth (with Rebecca Schaumberg) had a paper accepted for publication in Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes: "Desire for a positive moral self-regard exacerbates escalation of commitment to initiatives that benefit others."
Across three experiments, people escalated commitment more frequently to a failing prosocial initiative (i.e., an initiative that had the primary aim of improving the outcomes of others in need) than they did to a failing egoistic initiative (i.e., an initiative that had the primary aim of improving the outcomes of the decision-maker). A test of mediation (Study 1b) and a test of moderation (Study 2) each provided evidence that the desire for a positive moral self-regard underlies people's tendency to escalate commitment more frequently to failing prosocial initiatives than to failing egoistic initiatives. We discuss the implications of these findings for the resource-allocation decisions that people and organizations face when undertaking initiatives with prosocial aims. (10/28/2013)
Sun Park (with Jim Westphal) has a paper accepted for publication in Administrative Science Quarterly: "Social Discrimination in the Corporate Elite How Status Affects the Propensity for Minority CEOs to Receive Blame for Low Firm Performance."
This study examines social discrimination in the attributions that top executives make about the performance of other firms with minority CEOs in their communications with journalists. Drawing from the literatures on intergroup relations and status competition, our theory suggests how out-group biases and negative forms of envy toward higher-status minority CEOs may increase the propensity for white male CEOs to make negative or internal attributions for the low performance of the minority CEOs' firms. We also examine how CEOs' internal attributions in conversations with journalists increase the tendency for those journalists to attribute performance to internal causes in reporting on the minority CEOs' firms. We consider how the gender and race of journalists could moderate the influence of CEOs' performance attributions on journalists' reports, such that female or racial minority journalists would be less easily persuaded by white male CEOs' internal attributions for the low performance of firms with female or racial minority CEOs, and thus less prone to issuing negative statements about the CEOs' leadership. Empirical analyses based on original survey data from a large sample of CEOs and journalists provided strong support for our hypotheses. We discuss implications of the findings for theory and research on social discrimination in the corporate elite and social psychological determinants of corporate leader reputation. (10/29/2013)
Ed Lawler and John Boudreau were among HR Magazine's 2013 Top Ten Most Influential International Thinkers (11/05/2013)
Warren Bennis was inducted into the Thinkers50 Hall of Fame. Thinkers50 is the premier ranking of global business thinkers, with an annual ranking of the top 50 management thinkers. The newly-created Hall of Fame celebrates the key business thinkers of our times. Warren is joined as an inaugural member of the Thinkers50 Hall of Fame by Chris Argyris, Howard Gardner, Charles Handy, Robert Kaplan & David Norton, Philip Kotler, Henry Mintzberg, Kenichi Ohmae, Ikujiro Nonaka, and Tom Peters. (11/09/2013)
Marshall's new program, the Master of Business for Veterans (MBV), recently started under the capable leadership of Bob Turrill, the MBV Faculty Director. The Program, which has enrolled 39 veterans, was recently highlighted by CNBC: (about the 1:48 mark). The MBV's Associate Director, Jim Bogle (Retired Lt. Col. U.S. Army), who was introduced at our October MOR Retreat, had an article yesterday (Veterans' Day) in the Los Angeles Business Journal (attached). It underscores the key role that veterans can play in business and society. (11/12/2013)
Scott Wiltermuth and Victor Bennett (with J. Lamar Pierce) had a paper accepted for publication in Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes: "Doing as They Would Do: How the Perceived Ethical Preferences of Third-Party Beneficiaries Impact Ethical Decision-Making." (10/09/2013)
Shon Hiatt's paper (with Wesley Sine), "Manu militari: New venture ties to coercive institutions in emerging economies," won the Best Paper Award at the recent 2013 Leadership for Peace and Prosperity Conference in San Diego.
In many countries with weak political institutions, new ventures face challenges such as political risks, corruption, and civil conflict, which can severely hinder their ability to survive and grow. Building upon the literature on new-venture ties, we explore how establishing affiliations at founding with coercive institutional actors affect new venture survival in contexts characterized by weak political institutions and volatile environments. Our findings suggest that founding affiliations with elite military actors reduce the likelihood of two types of exits: failure and expropriation. Such ties also moderate the negative impact of high levels of institutional violence and corruption on organizational failure and expropriation. We discuss the implications of these findings for research on organizational ties, institutional theory, nonmarket strategy, and entrepreneurship. (10/07/2013)
At the recent Strategic Management Society Annual Conference in Atlanta, GA, Victor Bennett's (with Rob Seamans & Feng Zhu) paper, "Value Appropriation, Search Frictions, and Secondary Markets," won the SMS Best Conference Paper Prize for Practice Implications as well as receiving Honorable Mention (Top 5) for the SMS Best Conference Paper Award. (10/06/2013)
John Boudreau was recently presented with the 2013 Michael R. Losey Human Resource Research Award for lifetime achievement in human resource research. The Losey Award is given by the Society for Human Resource Management and is the highest accolade for a scholar in HR. John joins the elite company of such former award winners as Wayne Cascio, Sara Rynes, Ed Lawler, Gary Latham, Ben Schneider, and Frank Schmidt. (10/04/2013)
Sarah Townsend (with Heejung S. Kim, University of California, Santa Barbara and Batja Mesquita, University of Leuven, Belgium) had a paper accepted for publication in Social Psychological and Personality Science: "Are you Feeling what I'm Feeling? Emotional Similarity Buffers Stress."
We examine the idea that it is beneficial for people in threatening situations to affiliate with others who are experiencing similar, relative to dissimilar, emotions. Pairs of participants waited together and then engaged in a laboratory stressor (i.e., giving a speech). We created an index of each pair's emotional similarity using participants' emotional states. We also measured how threatening participants perceived the speech task to be (i.e., whether they had high versus low dispositional fear of public speaking). We hypothesized that perceiving greater threat in the situation would be associated with greater stress, but interacting with someone who is emotionally similar would buffer individuals from this heightened stress. Confirming our hypotheses, greater initial dyadic emotional similarity was associated with a reduced cortisol response and lower reported stress among participants who feared public speaking. (09/30/2013)
Gerry Tellis (joint with MKT) and Gaia Rubera (Bocconi) had a paper accepted in the Strategic Management Journal: "Spinoffs Versus Buyouts: Profitability of Alternate Routes to Commercializing Innovations."
This research compares the profitability of two alternate innovation-related divestitures: spinoffs and buyouts. Innovation-related divestitures are units created with the intent of better developing and marketing innovations in new or existing markets. We study the profitability of spinoffs' and buyouts' in the short and medium term using longitudinal data on 126 spinoffs and 102 buyouts over 5 years. The main findings are: First, spinoffs and buyouts have similar profits in the first two years after divestiture; afterwards buyouts have much higher profits than spinoffs. Second, strategic emphasis or the investment in R&D versus marketing, is the central, causal mechanism that explains the profitability of spinoffs' and buyouts' over time. Third, divestiture type influences performance through two routes: a one-step mediated effect via strategic emphasis; and a two-step mediated effect via strategic emphasis and radicalness. The two routes have opposite effects on performance. Fourth, under debt-holders' pressure to maximize immediate returns, buyouts start their life with a strict emphasis on marketing investments at the expense of R&D investments. On the contrary, in the absence of such pressure, spinoffs initially emphasize R&D over marketing more than buyouts. The critical difference between the two divestiture types emerges from the third year on. While spinoffs' strategic emphasis remains stable, buyouts gradually emphasize R&D over marketing increasingly over the years as they repay their debt. (09/27/2013)
Peter Carnevale and Celso de Melo (Postdoctoral Researcher in MOR) have a paper accepted for publication in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology: "Reading People's Minds from Emotion Expressions in Interdependent Decision Making."
How do people make inferences about other people's minds from their emotion displays? The ability to infer others' beliefs, desires and intentions from their facial expressions should be especially important in interdependent decision making when people make decisions from beliefs about the others' intention to cooperate. Five experiments tested the general proposition that people follow principles of appraisal when making inferences from emotion displays, in context. Experiment 1 found that the same emotion display produced opposite effects depending on context: when the other was competitive, a smile on the other's face evoked a more negative response than when the other was cooperative. Experiment 2 found that the essential information from emotion displays was derived from appraisals (e.g., is the current state-of-affairs conducive to my goals? Who is to blame for it?); facial displays of emotion had the same impact on people's decision making as textual expressions of the corresponding appraisals. Experiments 3, 4 and 5 used multiple mediation analyses and a causal-chain design: Results supported the proposition that beliefs about others' appraisals mediate the effects of emotion displays on expectations about others' intentions. We suggest a model based on appraisal theories of emotion that posits an inferential mechanism whereby people retrieve, from emotion expressions, information about others' appraisals, which then lead to inferences about others' mental states. This work has implications for the design of algorithms that drive agent behavior in human-agent strategic interaction, an emerging domain at the interface of computer science and social psychology. (09/25/2013)
Yong Paik and Heejin Woo have a paper accepted for publication in Managerial and Decision Economics: "Economic Downturn and Financing Innovative Startup Companies."
This study examines how fluctuations in the amount of capital flowing into venture funds affect the financing of innovative startup companies and how economic downturns affect such financing. We argue that the nature of the economic downturn can cause differential effects on the investment pattern. We find that venture capital firms invest more in early-stage companies than in later-stage companies when the amount of capital flowing into the market increases. We also find that venture capital firms invest less in early-stage companies than in later-stage companies during an economic downturn associated with the real sector and that they invest more in early-stage companies than in later-stage companies during an economic downturn associated with the financial sector. This study contributes to the entrepreneurship literature by demonstrating how macroeconomic factors affect venture capital investment decisions. The study also delineates the implications of seeking market entry via venture capital financing by entrepreneurial companies. (09/23/2013)
Yong Paik was presented with the Distinguished Reviewer Award by the Entrepreneurship Division of the Academy of Management at the Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management in Orlando, FL this past August. (09/20/2013)
Nan Jia (with Yuen Yuen Ang from U. of Michigan) have a paper accepted for publication by the Journal of Politics: "Perverse Complementarity: Political Connections and the Use of Courts Among Private Firms in China."
Using survey data of over 3,900 private firms in China, we examine whether – and how – political connections promote or undermine the use of formal legal institutions. We find that politically connected firms are more inclined than non-connected firms to use courts over informal avenues of dispute resolution. Furthermore, by comparing the effects of political connections on dispute resolution patterns across regional institutional environments, we find that "know-who" (political influence over adjudication) dominates "know-how" (knowledge of navigating courts) in linking political connections to the use of courts. Contrary to canonical theories that predict the declining significance of connections following the expansion of courts, our study suggests that informal networks and formal laws are more likely to share a relationship of perverse complementarity in transitional and authoritarian contexts. Political connections are positively linked to the use of legal procedures, and the primary mechanism behind the link is "know-who" over "know-how."
Nan would like to acknowledge the funding from the Greif Center for Entrepreneurial Studies at USC for support of this research. (09/15/2013)
Nandini Rajagopalan and Luis Diestre (Asst. Prof at IE Madrid, Spain and MOR doctoral alum) had a paper accepted for publication at the Academy of Management Journal: "Toward an input-based perspective on categorization: Investor reactions to chemical accidents."
We build on the literature on categorization to develop and test a model of input-level spillover effects. Our model predicts that when one firm suffers an accident with an input, investors will punish other users of that input by discounting their stocks, and the magnitude of this negative spillover can be predicted by the non-responsible firm's level of input usage. We also hypothesize that the magnitude of the punishment will be moderated by intermediaries' assessments of the input: ex-ante regulatory sanctions on the input will amplify negative spillovers, while the presence of input-level associations will weaken these effects. Finally, we predict that similarity between the responsible and non-responsible firm on two peripheral attributes—input-portfolio and geographic location—will amplify the negative effect of input usage. We find strong support for our predictions in an event study that examines the stock market valuations of 270 non-responsible manufacturing firms triggered by 78 industrial accidents with a toxic chemical. We highlight our study's theoretical and empirical contributions to the categorization and spillover literatures. (09/14/2013)
Sarah Bonner (joint with Accounting) has been named to hold the Ernst and Young, LLP Professor of Accounting. Sarah's scholarly accomplishments are well known and her teaching, service, and mentoring to junior faculty and doctoral students are outstanding. The Ernst and Young Professorship is Leventhal's oldest, and Sarah is only the third faculty member to hold the title. (06/28/2013)
Paul Adler has been elected to the Academy of Management Fellows. This is quite an honor and attests to Paul's scholarly prominence in our field (the Fellows includes less than one percent of the AOM membership). Paul joins current MOR members of the AOM Fellows, Ed Lawler, Janet Fulk, and Tom Cummings, and former MOR Fellows members, Ian Mitroff, Steve Kerr, Mary Ann Von Glinow, and Jay Galbraith. (06/23/2013)
Priyanka Joshi received the 2013 James D. Ford Fellowship. The Marshall School gives this award annually to a third year Ph.D. student who has passed the qualifying exam and who has exceled in scholastic performance. (05/30/2013)
Peter Carnevale was initiated into Phi Kappa Phi, the oldest and largest collegiate honor society with members from every academic field. Phi Kappa Phi is also the oldest honor society at the University of Southern California, established in 1924 with a mission of promoting excellence in all academic endeavors. The USC Chapter each year elects a few outstanding faculty chosen on the basis of their academic record, professional achievements, and exemplary service to higher education. (05/15/2013)
Nate Fast and Scott Wiltermuth passed their 4th Year Reviews with flying colors. Their PEGs, the MOR tenured faculty, the Marshall Personnel Committee, and the Dean of Faculty all praised their teaching, research, and service as exemplary of what we expect from young scholars who are well on their way to successful careers in the management field. (04/23/2013)
Gerry Tellis (joint Marketing) has been honored with a 2013 USC Mellon Mentoring Award for mentoring post-doctoral students. Gerry has sponsored and mentored about 15 PhD or post-doctoral students, all of them from abroad representing 10 different countries. (04/18/2013)
Nate Fast received a 2013 Greif Center Faculty Research Award and Heejin Woo was honored with the 2013 Greif Center Ph.D. Research Award. Both Nate's and Heejin's research proposals were cited as "well written," "academically rigorous", and "relevant to the field of entrepreneurship." (04/17/2013)
Yong Paik got another single-authored hit this time from the Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal: "Serial Entrepreneurs and Venture Survival: Evidence from U.S. Venture-Capital-Financed Semiconductor Firms."
This paper examines the relationship between prior entrepreneurial experience and subsequent venture performance. Specifically, this study investigates the effects of prior firm-founding experience, prior venture capital (VC) financing experience and prior success with regard to subsequent venture performance by distinguishing serial entrepreneurs with and without prior VC-financing experience. This distinction is important, as we do not know whether the source of entrepreneurial learning mainly comes from the experience of starting and running a business or from interacting with VCs. An analysis of VC-backed semiconductor firms that entered the market during 1995-1999 shows that ventures founded by serial entrepreneurs perform better than those founded by novice entrepreneurs regardless of whether entrepreneurs had prior success or failure. However, contrary to expectations, this study finds that serial entrepreneurs without prior VC-financing experience perform better than serial entrepreneurs with prior VC-financing experience, suggesting that there may be an inadvertent cost of learning about the VCs themselves that might influence subsequent VC-backed ventures. This paper contributes to entrepreneurial learning theory by providing a socialized view of learning from experience with an emphasis on the role of VCs. (04/11/2013)
Sarah Bonner (joint with Accounting) also has been honored with a 2013 USC Mellon Mentoring Award for her work with doctoral students. Marshall's doctoral students have long benefited from Sarah's high academic standards, countless hours of attention, and careful guidance. (04/08/2013)
Michael Coombs has been honored with a 2013 USC Mellon Mentoring Award for his work with undergraduate students. Competition for these awards is intense and Michael's hard work, dedication, and caring for Marshall undergraduates is deeply and widely appreciated. (04/08/2013)
Priyanka Joshi and Cheryl Wakslak just got a paper accepted for publication in the Journal of Experimental Psychology: General: "Communicating with the Crowd: Speakers use Abstract Messages when Addressing Larger Audiences."
Audience characteristics often shape communicators' message framing. Drawing from construal level theory, we suggest that when speaking to many individuals, communicators frame messages in terms of superordinate characteristics that focus attention on the essence of the message. On the other hand, when communicating with a single individual, communicators increasingly describe events and actions in terms of their concrete details. Using different communication tasks and measures of construal, we show that speakers communicating with many individuals, as compared to one person, describe events more abstractly (Study 1), describe themselves as more trait-like (Study 2), and use more desirability-related persuasive messages (Study 3). Furthermore, speakers' motivation to communicate with their audience moderates their tendency to frame messages based on audience size (Studies 3 and 4). This audience-size abstraction effect is eliminated when a large audience is described as homogenous, suggesting that people use abstract construal strategically in order to connect across a disparate group of individuals (Study 5). Finally, we show that participants' experienced fluency in communication is influenced by the match between message abstraction and audience size (Study 6). (03/19/2013)
Priyanka Joshi and Nate Fast had their paper accepted for publication in Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin: "I am my (high power) role: Power and role identification."
Research indicates that power liberates the self, but findings also show that the powerful are susceptible to situational influences. The present article examines whether enacting roles that afford power leads people to identify with the roles or, instead, liberates them from role expectations altogether. The results of three experiments support the hypothesis that power enhances role identification. Experiment 1 showed that enacting a particular role resulted in greater implicit and explicit role identification when the role contained power. In Experiment 2, infusing a role with power resulted in greater role identification and role congruent behavior. Experiment 3 demonstrated that power resulted in greater role congruent self construal, such that having power in a close relationship caused participants to define themselves relationally whereas having power in a group situation caused participants to embrace a collective self construal. Implications for research on power, roles, and the self are discussed. (02/11/2013)
Gerry Tellis' (joint appointment with Marketing) latest book came out: Unrelenting Innovation: How to Build a Culture for Market Dominance. Attached are the endorsements and forward. (01/29/2013)
Cheryl Wakslak had a paper accepted (with Erin Burgoon, UT Austin & Marlone Henderson, UT Austin) in the Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin: "How Do We Want Others to Decide? Geographical Distance Influences Evaluations of Decision-Makers."
People who decide on behalf of others can be located at various geographical distances from their clients and constituents. Across five experiments, we examined the role distance plays in evaluations of these decision-makers. Specifically, drawing on construal level theory, we examined how the type of information (aggregate or case-specific) that closer and more distant decision-makers cited as the basis for their decisions influenced how they were evaluated. We found that people expressed more anger towards (Experiment 1) and were less enthusiastic about (Experiments 2 & 4) more distant decision-makers who relied on case-specific (vs. aggregate) information. Additionally, we found that people were less enthusiastic about decision-makers who relied on case-specific (vs. aggregate) information when evaluators were in a higher-level (vs. lower-level) construal mindset (Experiments 3 and 5). Implications for how decision-makers can manage impressions are discussed. (01/28/2013)
Gerry Tellis' former doctoral student Seshadri Tirunillai (Marshall PhD 2011) has won the American Marketing Association's 2012 John A Howard Award for the best dissertation in the field of Marketing. This is one of the oldest and most prestigious awards in the field given since 1960. Seshadri's dissertation is titled, "Essays on Online User Generated Content and Performance." The first essay was published as a lead article in Marketing Science 2012 while the second essay is under 2nd review at the Journal of Marketing Research. Seshadri is an Assistant Professor at the Bauer College of Business, University of Houston. (01/08/2013)
Cheryl Wakslak had a paper (with Irmak and Trope) accepted for publication at the Journal of Consumer Research: "Selling the Forest, Buying the Trees: The Effect of Construal Level on Seller-Buyer Price Discrepancy."
We present four studies that demonstrate that selling and buying prices are differentially influenced by the value of products' low and high-level construal features. We first show that sellers construe products at a higher level than do buyers and owners
(Study 1). Based on this, we predict and demonstrate that selling prices are higher than buying prices under the following conditions: 1) when the primary (goal-relevant) aspects of the object are superior and the secondary (goal-irrelevant) aspects of the object inferior, but not vice versa
(Study 2), 2) when individuals focus on a product's desirability-related aspects rather than the same product's feasibility-related aspects
(Study 3A), 3) when individuals are in a why mindset, but not when they are in a how mindset
(Study 3B), and 4) when the product's desirability aspects are superior and its feasibility aspects inferior, but not vice versa (Study 4). Further, we demonstrate a moderated mediation such that sellers' and buyers' differential construal mediates the difference between seller and buyer prices, which emerges when a product's value derives from high-level features (e.g., desirability), but not when a product's value derives from low-level features (e.g., feasibility; Study 4). (01/06/2013)
Feng Zhu will receive the Western Academy of Management's Ascendant Scholar Award at its annual meeting in Santa Fe, New Mexico in March, 2013. This is quite an honor and attests to Feng's rising scholarly acclaim. Feng joins a distinguished group of former WAM Ascendant Scholars including Joanne Martin, Jay Barney, Connie Gersick, Kathy Eisenhardt, Tom Lee, Michael Morris, Jone Pearce, and Anne Tsui, as well as our own Sue Mohrman, Mary Ann Von Glinow, Janet Fulk, Dave Bowen, Gerry Ledford, Arvind Bhambri, Syd Finkelstein, Nandini Rajagopalan, Gretchen Spreitzer, Nick Argyres, Lisa Pelled, Cris Gibson, Peter Kim, Peer Fiss, and Mark Kennedy. (12/29/2012)
Nan Jia continues her hit streak with a paper accepted by the Strategic Management Journal: "Are Collective and Private Political Actions Substitutes or Complements? Empirical Evidence from China¹s Private Sector."
This paper examines the circumstances under which collective and private corporate political actions are more likely to be substitutes or complements. Using data based on a series of nationwide surveys conducted on privately owned firms in China, I find that firms that are engaged in collective political actions are more likely to pursue private political actions. This positive relationship is stronger in less economically developed provinces and when there are greater opportunities for the state to redistribute economic resources in product and capital markets. Meanwhile, this relationship is weaker in the presence of heavier regulatory burdens and for firms in which the state has some equity or owned by individuals who had prior political careers. These findings contribute to the corporate political action (CPA) literature.
Nan would like to acknowledge the helpful feedback from the O&S group and comments from her mentor Nandini. (12/28/2012)
Sun Park (with Jim Westphal) had an article published in Research in Organizational Behavior, Vol 32, 2012: "Unintended agency: Impression management support as a trigger of institutional change in corporate governance."
In this paper we describe an emergent process of institutional change in which institutional entrepreneurs are unintentional contributors to the change process. Our theory suggests how change in the predominant institutional logic of corporate governance at public U.S. companies resulted not from deliberate attempts by corporate leaders to change the criteria by which governance is evaluated, but from the cumulative efforts of top executives to provide "impression management support" (IM support) for individual leaders of other firms. We first discuss how IM support has spread among corporate leaders through generalized social exchange. Then we suggest how individual leaders, in seeking to persuade journalists about the quality of corporate leadership at particular other firms, tend to invoke evaluative criteria that deviate from the prevailing institutional logic of governance. We further suggest how the rhetoric of IM support instigated a cascading social influence process that has contributed to changing perceptions about corporate governance among a broad range of other corporate stakeholders. We discuss the implications of our model for sociological perspectives on corporate governance and the corporate elite. Finally, we consider how the occasional negative commentary by corporate leaders about their peers, in combination with IM support, helps to sustain the credibility of the social system in which leaders, journalists, and other information intermediaries operate. (12/17/2012)
Derek Harmon, Yoo Kyoung Kim, and Heejin Woo have passed their Qualifying Exams. Congratulations and onward to the dissertation. (12/13/2012)
Yong Paik had a paper accepted at the Journal of Economics & Management Strategy: "Bankruptcy Reform Act of 2005 and Entrepreneurial Activity."
This paper empirically investigates the effect of the Bankruptcy Reform Act of 2005 on entrepreneurial activity. We find that this act had virtually no noticeable effect on the overall level of entrepreneurship, measured by self-employment, partly because potential entrepreneurs were more likely to seek limited liability to offset the reduction in wealth protection imposed by the new law.
That is, the incorporation rate increased for small businesses after the new law was enacted. This increase emphasizes that limited liability provided by incorporation is an important strategic variable that potential entrepreneurs utilize in response to changes in personal bankruptcy law. The theoretical implication of this study is that incorporation is an important parameter to consider in attempting to understand the relationship between bankruptcy law and entrepreneurial activity. The policy implication of this study is that entrepreneurs do respond to changes in personal bankruptcy law, even though it is intended for consumers, so this potential side effect should be considered when designing a new law. (12/12/2012)
Kyle Mayer was elected as the incoming Associate Program Chair for the Cooperative Strategy Interest Group of the Strategic Management Society. (12/04/2012)
Jody Tolan was awarded a Spring 2013 Learning Environments Incentive Grant (LEIG) for her proposal for student presentations in BUAD 304. She will use the grant to apply technology and critical thinking strategies for student and instructor feedback on the progress of student team case analysis projects during the Spring 2013 semester. The LEIG program promotes the use of student-driven, active learning strategies in the classroom. In particular, the focus is on the pedagogies of in-class presentation and collaboration. The grants are meant to encourage USC faculty to learn from each other's successes, while enabling the University's ITS Technology-Enhanced Learning office to collect data about the benefits and challenges of specific tools and approaches. (12/02/12)
Adlai Wertman was recently honored by USC's Mortar Board for academic excellence. This is quite an honor and attests to the hard work and caring that Adlai has put into founding the Society and Business Lab at Marshall — an organization dedicated to teaching students the importance of business from a social reform perspective. Through the lab and his classes, Adlai has made a significant contribution to the education and lives of Marshall and USC students. (11/29/2012)
The Department of Management and Organization contributed to the 2012 Women in Society for Judgment and Decision Making annual luncheon.
"The Society for Judgment and Decision Making is an interdisciplinary academic organization dedicated to the study of normative, descriptive, and prescriptive theories of judgments and decisions. Its members include psychologists, economists, organizational researchers, decision analysts, and other decision researchers. The Society's primary event is its Annual Meeting at which Society members present their research. It also publishes the journal Judgment and Decision Making." Please visit www.sjdm.org for more information. (11/27/2012)
Victor Bennett got his sole authored paper accepted in Management Science: "Organization and Bargaining: Sales Process Choice at Auto Dealerships."
This paper examines how firms' organizational form affects prices negotiated. Negotiated prices are one factor determining whether a vendor or customer captures the value from a transaction. Firms that systematically negotiate more effectively capture more value. Research has investigated individual- and market-level determinants of negotiation outcomes, but little has been done on the firm-level determinants of negotiated prices. I present a first look at one feature, sales process: whether salespeople handle the entire sale in parallel or customers begin with less experienced salespeople who can escalate difficult assignments. I model firms' choice of sales process as a biform game and test predictions of the model using a combination of transaction-level data on new car purchases in the U.S. and a unique survey of dealership management practices. I find that a serial process has implications consistent with improving firms' bargaining power and reducing customers' outside option. (11/21/2012)
Nan Jia got a first-authored hit (with Jing Shi and Yongxiang Wang) in Management Science: "Coinsurance within Business Groups: Evidence from Related Party Transactions in an Emerging Market."
Using novel transaction-level data on Chinese business groups, this study finds support for the coinsurance effect of business groups. We find that in Chinese business groups, a credit crunch experienced by the controlling shareholding firm (the ³controller²) of a publicly listed firm increases the loan-based related party transactions (RPT) including loan guarantees and intercorporate loans provided by the listed firm to the controller. In turn, when the listed firm¹s performance dips, the controller and its son firms provide more support to the listed firm in the form of non-loan-based RPTs. By examining when different types of internal resources are transferred between the listed firm and the rest of the business group, this study provides direct evidence of the dynamic interactions of members within business groups. This study makes important contributions to both the theoretical understanding and the empirical approach of business group research.
Lori Yue (coauthors: Jiao Luo, Paul Ingram) just had a paper accepted by Administrative Science Quarterly: "Power Over Finance: Private Institutions, Elite Control, and Endogenous Market Disorder."
POWER OVER FINANCE: PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS, ELITE CONTROL, AND ENDOGENOUS MARKET DISORDER
In this paper, we develop an account of the endogenous failure of private market-governance institutions to maintain market order by highlighting how their distributional function limits their regulatory capacity. We examine the New York Clearing House Association (NYCHA), a private market-governance institution among commercial banks in Manhattan that operated from 1853 to 1913. We find that the NYCHA, founded to achieve coordinating benefits among banks, transformed itself at the turn of the twentieth century into a device for large, elite market players to promote their own interests to the disadvantage of rival groups. Elites prevented the rest of the market from having equal opportunities of participation. The elites' control not only worsened the condition of the rest of the market; it also diminished the influence of the NYCHA and escalated market crises. As a result, crises developed to an extent that exceeded the control of the NYCHA and ended up hurting even elites' own interests. This paper suggests that institutional stability rests on a deliberate balance of interests between different market sectors and that, without such a balance, the distributional function of market-governance institutions plants the very seeds of institutional destruction.
Lori is especially thankful to her mentor Peer Fiss, who read the paper more than 5 times, and offered detailed, extremely helpful comments. She also would like to thank the participants of the OS group, whose collective wisdom helped make the paper better.(10/26/2012)
Paul Adler is already having quite an impact as program chair for the upcoming AOM conference in Orlando, Florida near Disney World. Paul's French education keeps seeping through, often in unexpected ways.
Wish Upon a Bar
Disney World to Sell Wine and Beer
The Magic Kingdom in Orlando's Disney world is entering a whole new world: the park's new French-themed Be Our Guest restaurant will be offering wine and beer for guests to order with dinner. This will be the first time in the park's 41-year history that alcohol will be served. The president of food and beverage at Walt Disney Parks says the move is just a matter of common sense: "You cannot walk into a French restaurant and not get a glass of wine or beer. It made more sense to do it than not to do it." Cheers to that. (09/17/2012)
Scott Wiltermuth (with Francesca Gino) had a six-study paper accepted for publication in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology: "I'll have one of each": How separating rewards into (meaningless) categories increases motivation.
We propose that separating rewards into categories can increase motivation, even when those categories are meaningless. Across six experiments, people were more motivated to obtain one reward from one category and another reward from another category than they were to obtain two rewards from a pool that included all items from either reward category. As a result, they worked longer when potential rewards for their work were separated into meaningless categories. This categorization effect persisted regardless of whether the rewards were presented using a gain or loss frame. Using both moderation and mediation analyses, we found that categorizing rewards had these positive effects on motivation by increasing the degree to which people felt they would "miss out" if they did not obtain the second reward. We discuss implications for research on motivation and incentives. (08/28/2012)
Peter Kim (with MOR alum Cecily Cooper, Kurt Dirks, and Donald Ferrin) had a paper accepted for publication in Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes: "Repairing trust with individuals versus groups."
This study incorporates insights from research on group decision-making and trust repair to investigate the differences that arise when alleged transgressors attempt to regain the trust of groups as compared to individuals. Results indicate that repairing trust is generally more difficult with groups than individuals, and both groups and individuals were less trusting when trustees denied culpability (rather than apologized) for a competence-based violation or apologized (rather than denied culpability) for an integrity-based violation. However, the interaction of violation-type and violation-response also ultimately affected the relative difficulty of repairing trust with groups vs. individuals, with the greater harshness of groups dissipating when the transgressors' responses were effectively matched with the type of violation. Persuasive argumentation rather than normative pressure, furthermore, mediated these differences. Thus, the sequencing of individual vs. group assessments mattered, such that subsequent group assessments affected initial individual assessments but not the reverse. (08/24/2012)
Paul Adler received a USC Research Collaboration Fund award, which will support for three years cross-school collaboration on "Environmental Sustainability and the Global Economy." This is a highly competitive award that is part of the Provost's research initiative to have a major impact on the university through broad involvement of faculty and students from multiple schools. Paul's collaboration will hold a range of events throughout the year that engage a broad set of faculty and students from throughout USC in sustained, ongoing dialogue about environmental sustainability and the global economy. It should have an impact on those scholars' research as well as provide USC with an organized foothold in this important area. (08/22/2012)
Gerry Tellis (joint with Department of Marketing) had a paper (with Ashish Sood, Gareth James, & Ji Zhu) accepted for publication in Marketing Science: "Predicting the Path of Technological Evolution: Testing SAW versus Moore, Gompertz, Bass, and Kryder."
Competition is intense among rival technologies and success depends on predicting their future trajectory of performance. To resolve this challenge, managers often follow popular heuristics, generalizations, or "laws" like the Moore's Law. We propose a model, Step And Wait (SAW), for predicting the path of technological innovation and compare its performance against eight models for 25 technologies and 804 technologies-years across six markets. The estimates of the model provide four important results. First, Moore's Law and Kryder's law do not generalize across markets; none holds for all technologies even in a single market. Second, SAW produces superior predictions over traditional methods, such as the Bass model or Gompertz law, and can form predictions for a completely new technology, by incorporating information from other categories on time varying covariates. Third, analysis of the model parameters suggests that: i) recent technologies improve at a faster rate than old technologies; ii) as the number of competitors increases, performance improves in smaller steps and longer waits; iii) later entrants and technologies that have a number of prior steps tend to have smaller steps and shorter waits; but iv) technologies with long average wait time continue to have large steps. Fourth, technologies cluster in their performance by market. (08/17/2012)
At the recent Academy of Management Conference in Boston, Theresa Welbourne (Research Professor at the Center for Effective Organizations) was presented with the Human Resources Division's Distinguished Human Resources Executive Award.
Theresa is the first woman and first entrepreneur to win this prestigious award, quite an honor. (08/16/2012)
John Boudreau (with Wayne Cascio) recently co-authored a book published by Cambridge University Press (2012): Short Introduction to Strategic Human Resource Management.
Also, John (with R. Zimmerman, W. Boswell, A. Shipp, and B. Dunford) had an article published in the Journal of Management (2012; Vol. 38): "Explaining the Pathways Between Approach-Avoidance Personality Traits and Employees' Job Search Behavior."
Research suggests that certain personality characteristics lead to greater (or lesser) withdrawal from work, yet little research has examined exactly how personality translates into withdrawal behavior. To address this question, the present study demonstrated that the approach-avoidance personality traits of extraversion and neuroticism each showed simultaneous positive and negative effects on job search behaviors of employed individuals depending on the mediating mechanism involved (i.e., ambition values, job search self-efficacy, perceived job challenge, work burnout, perceived financial inadequacy, and job satisfaction). The authors' findings extend theoretical insights on the pathways linking dispositional traits and employee withdrawal behaviors and suggest how employers can more precisely anticipate and mitigate employees' search for new employment. (08/15/2012)
At the Academy of Management Journal's Editorial Board meeting at the Academy of Management Annual Conference in Boston, MOR was well represented with outstanding reviewer awards:
2012 AMJ Outstanding Reviewer Award: Nandini Rajagopalan (also got this award in 2009 and 2010)
2012 AMJ Outstanding Reviewer Award: Libby Weber (MOR Doctoral program alum & UCI Assistant Professor) (08/14/2012)
Cheryl Wakslak (with Elinor Amit and Yaacov Trope) just got a paper accepted for publication in Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin: "The Use of Visual and Verbal Means of Communication Across Psychological Distance."
Five experiments investigated the effect of distance on medium preferences in interpersonal communication. Across five experiments, people's preference for using pictures (vs. words) was increasingly higher when communicating with those who were proximal (vs. distal) in terms of time, space, or socially. In contrast, preference for words was increasingly higher when communicating with those who were distal. A sixth experiment further shows that medium of communication influences distance preferences, such that people's preference for communicating a message to a distant (vs. proximal) target is greater for verbal compared to pictorial communications. A seventh experiment showed that recipients are more likely to act upon a message when the medium and distance are congruent. These findings reflect the suitability of pictures as a medium of communication with proximal others and the suitability of words as a medium of communication with distal others. Implications of these findings for construal level theory, perspective taking, embodied cognition, the development of language and social skills with children, and the use of various forms of communication are discussed. (07/30/2012)
Scott Wiltermuth (and F.J. Flynn) just got a paper accepted for publication in the Academy of Management Journal: "Power, moral clarity, and punishment in the workplace."
We propose that power increases how severely people punish a transgressor. Further, we argue that this greater severity stems from an increased sense of moral clarity instilled by the psychological experience of power. We investigate the linkages among power, moral clarity, and punishment across multiple studies. Individuals with an increased sense of power advocated more severe punishments for transgressors than did those with a diminished sense of power. Further, moral clarity mediated the link between power and severity of punishment. We discuss the implications of these findings for managers in organizations and researchers interested in punitive reactions to moral transgressions. (07/28/2012)
Feng Zhu and his better half (Monic Sun, visiting scholar at Marshall from Stanford) just had a paper accepted at Management Science: "Ad Revenue and Content Commercialization: Evidence from Blogs."
Many scholars argue that when incentivized by ad revenue, content providers are more likely to tailor their content to attract "eyeballs," and as a result, popular content may be excessively supplied. We empirically test this prediction by taking advantage of the launch of an ad-revenue-sharing program initiated by a major Chinese portal site in September 2007. Participating bloggers allow the site to run ads on their blogs and receive 50% of the revenue generated by these ads. After analyzing 4.4 million blog posts, we find that, relative to nonparticipants, popular content increases by about 13 percentage points on participants' blogs after the program takes effect. About 50% of this increase can be attributed to topics shifting toward three domains: the stock market, salacious content, and celebrities. Meanwhile, relative to nonparticipants, participants' content quality increases after the program takes effect. We also find that the program effects are more pronounced for participants with moderately popular blogs, and seem to persist after participants enroll in the program. (07/26/2012)
Warren Bennis has a bi-weekly blog in BusinessWeek. Here is the link to his latest post: http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2012-07-23/minding-the-gap-nohrias-mba-reforms-at-harvard.
Below is a good introduction to Warren's blog from Louis Lavelle the associate editor for Bloomberg BusinessWeek:
"Warren Bennis is one of those writers who can somehow make anything interesting. If he compiled his daily "to do" lists and published them in hardcover, I'd be the first person in line at my local Barnes & Noble to buy it. So I was thrilled when he agreed to be a guest blogger for Bloomberg BusinessWeek. I'm even more thrilled when he files his posts every other week. It's a rare writer who can somehow make the leap from a Shakespearean play set in 15th century England to 21st century Harvard, as Bennis does in his latest post, but leap he does. And in 10 words no less."
"In Dean Nitin Nohria at Harvard Business School, Bennis finds a kindred spirit, one who places practical knowledge above scholarly research—doing above knowing—at the center of the business school experience. This of course is a long-standing debate in the B-school world, one that Bennis (and co-author James O'Toole) provoked in 2005 with their Harvard Business Review article, "How Business Schools Lost Their Way." But Nohria's curriculum changes at Harvard give it a new urgency, and Bennis a new reason to apply his razor sharp intelligence to the issue. If you read one business school story this week, make it this one. You won't be disappointed." (04/24/2012)
Tom Cummings and Chailin Cummings' (MOR PhD alum) paper, "A Cognitive Inquiry into Knowledge Change in Organization Studies", was selected for the Best Paper Proceedings of the 2012 Academy of Management Meeting. It also was selected as a finalist for the Best Paper Award from the Managerial and Organizational Cognition Division of the Academy.
Our study addresses the cognitive dynamics of knowledge change in organization studies (OS). Drawing on extensive research on the cognitive processes underlying artistic change, we extend that knowledge to explain how changes in the thinking that OS researchers use to produce knowledge contribute to predictable changes in that knowledge over time. We used this cognitive framework to analyze changes in OS knowledge over the past 50 years, the period when contemporary OS developed into an identifiable academic field. This involved a textual analysis of articles appearing in three of the field's premier journals from 1956 to 2008: Academy of Management Journal, Academy of Management Review, and Administrative Science Quarterly. These data provided indirect measures of the thought processes that OS researchers used to create this knowledge. The results are largely consistent with the cognitive framework guiding our study. They tell a cognitive story of how the OS field's knowledge changed over the last half of the twentieth century. (07/23/2012)
The current issue of Organization Science seems like a USC special issue. It includes articles authored by Ann Majchrzak and Phil More, Peer Fiss and Mark Kennedy, and Lori Yue.
This is great visibility and attests to our growing stature in the academic marketplace. (07/20/2012)
Nan Jia got her first big hit in the Strategic Management Journal: "Competition, Governance, and Relationship-Specific Investments: Theory and Implications for Strategy."
This paper uses biform games to examine the endogenous decision to invest in relationship-specific assets. It addresses the questions of how competition affects suppliers' decisions to produce a general-purpose product or a relationship-specific product for a buyer and under what circumstances a governance arrangement designed to share investment costs between the transacting parties increases the investment in relationship-specific assets. We offer a balanced perspective that emphasizes both the superior transaction value of relationship-specific products and their high transaction costs while considering the competition effects generated by alternative investment plans. The model and its extensions generate new insights into investment decisions regarding relationship-specific assets. (07/17/2012)
Priyanka Joshi and Nate Fast had a paper accepted in Psychological Science: "Power and Reduced Temporal Discounting."
Decision makers generally feel disconnected from their future selves, an experience that leads them to prefer smaller immediate gains to larger future gains. This pervasive tendency is known as temporal discounting, and researchers across disciplines are interested in understanding how to overcome it. Drawing from recent advances in the power literature, we suggest that the experience of power enhances one's connection with the future self, resulting in reduced temporal discounting. In Study 1, we show that participants assigned to high-power roles are less likely than others to display temporal discounting. In Studies 2 and 3, we find that priming power reduces temporal discounting in monetary and non-monetary tasks and, further, that connection with the future self mediates the relationship between power and reduced discounting. In Study 4, we show that experiencing a general sense of power in the workplace predicts actual lifetime savings. Implications and future research directions are discussed. (06/18/2012)
At the Annual Conference of the Society of Marketing Science in Boston last Friday, Gerry Tellis (joint with Department of Marketing) won the 2012 Longtime Impact Award for the most impactful article in Marketing Science in the last 10 years. The article (co-authored by Peter Golder) was titled "Growing, Growing, Gone: Cascades, Diffusion, and Turning Points in the Product Life Cycle," 23, 2, 2004. (06/18/2012)
Paul Adler and Seok-Woo Kwon's (MOR PhD alum) 2002 publication "Social Capital: Prospects for a New Concept" is the 2012 Academy of Management Review Decade Award winner. This award recognizes the article published in AMR ten years earlier that has the most significant impact as determined through citations. Paul and Seok-Woo will be recognized for this honor at the Academy of Management annual meeting in Boston this August. (06/07/2012)
MOR's teaching acclaim continues with Nandini Rajagopalan receiving the Teacher of the Year Award by the San Diego EMBA students at their graduation celebration on Saturday night. In announcing the award, several students made eloquent statements about Nandini's tremendous impact on their understanding of global strategy and on their lives. (05/28/2012)
Arvind Bhambri was voted "Best Professor in the EMBA Program" by the Los Angeles class at the graduation ceremonies Saturday evening. (05/21/2012)
Cheryl Wakslak just got a paper accepted for publication in the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology: "The Experience of Cognitive Dissonance in Important and Trivial Domains: A Construal-Level Theory Approach."
Although the role of issue-importance has been central to theorizing about dissonance, its impact on dissonance-related shifts in attitude is not clear. Drawing on recent distinctions between high-level construals, which capture an object's gist and lead people to focus on their more important concerns, and low-level construals, which emphasize secondary issues, the current paper explores the role of construal-level in moderating the effect of importance on dissonance-induced attitude change. Adopting a widely used induced compliance paradigm, participants in a high or low-level construal mindset wrote counterattitudinal essays about instituting a senior comprehensive exam under conditions of high or low choice. As expected, participants in a high-level construal mindset were more in favor of comprehensive exams under high choice than low choice conditions, but only when the issue was personally important. Participants in a low-level construal mindset showed a choice effect when the issue was unimportant. Implications and future directions are discussed. (05/21/2012)
Victor Bennett (with Jason Snyder at UCLA, Lamar Pierce and Wash U, and Mike Toffel at HBS) just had a paper accepted for publication at Management Science: "Competition and Illicit Quality."
Competition among firms can have many positive outcomes, including decreased prices and improved quality. Yet competition can have a darker side when firms can gain competitive advantage through illicit and corrupt activities. In this paper, we argue that competition can lead organizations to provide illicit quality that satisfies customer demand but violates laws and regulations and that this outcome is particularly likely when price competition is restricted. Using 28 million vehicle emissions tests from more than 11,000 facilities, we show that increased competition is associated with greater inspection leniency, a form of< illicit quality that customers value but is illegal and socially costly. Firms with greater numbers of local competitors pass customers at considerably higher rates and are more likely to lose customers they fail to pass, suggesting that the alternatives that competition provides to customers intensify pressure to illegally provide leniency. We also show that, at least in contexts when pricing is restricted, firms use illicit quality as an entry strategy. (05/15/2012)
Nandini Rajagopalan was a faculty inductee in the Honor Society of Phi Kappa Phi, the oldest and largest interdisciplinary honor society in Academe. Phi Kappa Phi draws membership from all scholarly areas within academic institutions. Faculty membership is highly selective and based on a distinguished career as a researcher and educator. (05/10/2012)hr>
Once again, the MOR Department dominated the Annual Marshall Faculty, Staff, and Doctoral Student Awards. At today's ceremony:
PhD Recognition: Vern Glaser and Eunice Rhee
USC Mellon Award for Mentoring (Faculty): Adlai Wertman
Golden Apple, Undergraduate Teaching: Victor Bennett and Carl Voigt
Golden Apple, Graduate Teaching: Carl Voigt for the PM Program
Marshall Award for Research Excellence: Nate Fast and Scott Wiltermuth
Evan C. Thompson Mentoring Award (Doctoral Students and Faculty): Nandini Rajagopalan
Congratulations Vern, Eunice, Adlai, Victor, Carl, Nate, Scott, and Nandini. (05/03/2012)
Peter Monge (joint with Annenberg School for Communication and Marshall School of Business) will be receiving the 2012 Steven H. Chaffee Career Productivity Award from the International Communication Association. The award honors a scholar for sustained work on a communication research problem over an extended period and whose influence is evident on a second generation of scholars. The award committee observed that he was the "ideal candidate" for the award. They observed that his intellectual leadership can be seen in his own scholarly awards as well as a substantial number of dissertation awards earned by his students, by his substantial record of funding from the National Science Foundation and other sources, and his international visibility. The committee noted that "His work is original and has explored new concepts, terrains, and applications of communication networks in the field—including organizational communication, information systems, new technologies, and mass media. He has added theoretical richness to an area of study that was once vacuous in theory," and concluded that his "publications, his commitment to students' development, and his interdisciplinary intellectual leadership have literally changed the trajectory of network studies." (05/01/2012)
The Wall Street Journal ran a story on Gerry Tellis' recent article relating stock prices with online chatter. (04/17/2012)
The Wall Street Journal
Online Chatter That Moves Markets
By Christopher Shea
Researchers say they've figured out a way to analyze the torrent of online commentary by consumers about products in a way that lets them beat stock-market averages.
The economists analyzed nearly 350,000 reviews on Amazon.com, epinions.com, and Yahoo! Shopping in several product categories: computers, cellphones, data-storage devices, shoes and toys — 15 brands in all. Their software took note of ratings assigned by the sites' users and also measured the tone of the accompanying text, considering both generic words of praise or disfavor ("awesome," "overhyped") and product-specific language ("small" might be good for a cellphone, bad for a laptop keyboard). In rare cases when the software couldn't get a handle on the tone, the rating was done by hand, and comments of fewer than 10 words were discarded.
The best predictor of a stock-price increase was the sheer volume of user-generated commentary — an objective measure of buzz. (Online silence is what companies should fear.) Numerical or star ratings had no predictive value, nor did positive comments per se, but negative commentary hurt, as did chatter about a competitor's products. The ratio of positive to negative comments was roughly 75/25 — "which you might say shows the niceness of the American people," says Gerard J. Tellis, a professor in the Marshall School of Business, at the University of Southern California. "But the bad is far more potent."
The researchers controlled for new-product announcements, advertising dollars spent by firms, media mentions, and new-product announcements — and user-generated content still emerged as an important predictor of stock price. Making investments in the brands studied while using variables for online chatter, using a fictional $100 million portfolio, the authors beat the S&P 500 by 7.9%.
Source: "Does Chatter Really Matter? Dynamics of User-Generated Content and Stock Performance," Seshadri Tirunillai and Gerard J. Tellis,* Marketing Science (March - April)
The Management and Organization Department has done well in winning research awards from the Greif Center for Entrepreneurial Studies.
We have two winners of faculty research awards:
Lori Yue's article (with Rao and Ingram), "Regulatory Arbitrage, Activism, and Right-to-Work States," in American Sociological Review 76: 365-385 (June 2011), has been awarded Honorable Mention in Law and Society Association's 2012 Article Prize. Lori's name will appear in the Awards Program and announced at the Law and Society Association's 2012 International Conference in Honolulu, Hawaii, in June. (04/04/2012)
John Boudreau has been appointed to the Editorial Board of the California Management Review. (04/02/2012)
Gerry Tellis (joint appointment with Marketing Department) was honored as a Fellow of the Institute for the Study of Business Markets (ISBM) in Dallas Tx on Tuesday. (03/08/2012)
Paul Adler, received a publication in Organization Science, Vol. 23, No. 1, January–February 2012, pp. 244–266: "The Sociological Ambivalence of Bureaucracy: From Weber via Gouldner to Marx."
Reports of the demise of the bureaucratic form of organization are greatly exaggerated, and debates about bureaucracy's functions and effects therefore persist. For many years, a broad current of organizational scholarship has taken inspiration from Max Weber's image of bureaucracy as an "iron cage" and has seen bureaucracy as profoundly ambivalent— imposing alienation as the price of efficiency. Following a path originally sketched by Alvin Gouldner [Gouldner, A. W. 1954. Patterns of Industrial Bureaucracy. Free Press, Glencoe, IL], some recent research has challenged this view as overly pessimistic, arguing that bureaucracy need not always be coercive but can sometimes take a form that is experienced as enabling. The present article challenges both Weber's and Gouldner's accounts, arguing that although bureaucracy's enabling role may sometimes be salient to employees, even when it is, bureaucracy typically appears to them as ambivalent—simultaneously enabling and coercive. I offer an unconventional reading of Marx as a way to make sense of this ambivalence. (02/16/2012)
Tomorrow's Wall Street Journal will publish a piece that focuses on Alex Michel's research: "Hazards of the Trade: Bankers Health." It can be viewed online at: http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970204062704577223623824944472.html?KEYWORDS=kwoh&_nocache=1329273924250&user=welcome#articleTabs%3Darticle (02/15/2012).
Jennifer Overbeck received a hit (with Shimul Melwani and Jennifer Mueller) in the Journal of Applied Psychology: "Looking Down: The Influence of Contempt and Compassion on Emergent Leadership Categorizations."
By integrating the literatures on implicit leadership and the social functions of discrete emotions, we develop and test a theoretical model of emotion expression and leadership categorizations. Specifically, we examine the influence of two socio-comparative emotions, compassion and contempt, on assessments of leadership made both in first impression contexts and over time. To demonstrate both internal and external validity, Studies 1a and 1b provide laboratory and field evidence to show that expressing the discrete emotions of contempt and compassion positively relate to perceptions that an individual is a leader. Study 2 tests the mechanism explaining these associations. Specifically, we show that in a leadership emergence context, contempt and compassion both positively relate to perceptions that the expresser is a leader because each provides cues matching the implicit theory that leaders have higher intelligence. Our findings add to a growing body of literature focused on identifying the processes through which leaders emerge in groups, showing that emotions are one important input to this process. We discuss the implications of our findings and how they might guide future research efforts. (02/02/2012)
Eunice Rhee continues to get accolades (and funds) for work on her dissertation. She has recently been awarded the Ph.D. Dissertation Fellowship from the NASDAQ OMX Group Educational Foundation to work on her dissertation essay, "The Symbolic Management of Category Affiliations: Sense-giving, Sense-making and IPO Performance in Nascent Markets." The NASDAQ OMX Group Educational Foundation promotes learning about capital formation, financial markets and entrepreneurship through innovative educational programs. (01/30/2012)
Eunice Rhee has been awarded the Strategy Research Foundation (SRF) Dissertation Grant for her dissertation proposal, "Essays on the Symbolic Management of Category Affiliations." She will be presenting her paper as a selected panel of dissertation scholars (one of five inaugural SRF Dissertation Scholars) at the Strategic Management Society's Conference in Prague this coming October. (01/09/2012)
Yeri Cho and Nate Fast got a hit in the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology: "Power, Defensive Denigration, and the Assuaging Effect of Gratitude Expression."
This article examines the interactive effects of power, competency threats, and gratitude expression on the tendency to denigrate others. The results of two experiments indicate that (1) power holders whose competence has been threatened are more likely than others to denigrate interaction partners, and (2) receiving gratitude expression has self-affirming effects for insecure power holders. Experiment 1 demonstrated that high-power, but not low-power, individuals who received threatening feedback about their competence denigrated the competence of their partners. Importantly, this tendency was ameliorated when subordinates expressed gratitude for previous help provided from the power holder. Experiment 2 demonstrated that the ameliorating effect of gratitude expression on threatened power holders' tendency to denigrate subordinates is mediated by increased perceptions of social worth. Implications for research on power, gratitude expression, and the self are discussed. (01/05/2012)