News & Events 2016

Jody Tolan has successfully defended her dissertation proposal in partial fulfillment of the Doctor of Education in Organizational Change and Leadership at the USC Rossier School of Education. Jody’s research should be useful to many of us: Building Leaders: The Role of Core Faculty in Student Leadership Development in an Undergraduate Business School.

Jody is especially grateful for all the support and encouragement she has received from the MOR community. (12/22/2016)


Gerry Tellis’ paper (with Seshadri Tirunillai, University of Houston) has just been accepted for publication in Marketing Science: “Does Offline TV Advertising Affect Online Chatter? Analysis of Quasi-Experimental Data Using Synthetic Control.”

Abstract
This study analyzes the impact of offline television advertising on multiple metrics of online chatter or User-Generated Content (UGC). The context is a quasi-experiment in which a focal brand undertakes a massive advertising campaign for a short period of time. The authors estimate multiple dimensions of chatter (popularity, negativity, visibility and virality) from numerous raw metrics using the content and the hyperlink structure of consumer reviews and blogs. The authors use the method of Synthetic Control to construct a counterfactual (synthetic) brand as a convex combination of the rivals during the pre-advertising period. The gap in the dimensions of chatter between the focal brand and the synthetic brand in the test versus advertising periods assesses the influence of advertising. Offline TV advertising causes a short but significant positive effect on online chatter. This effect is stronger on information-spread dimensions (visibility and virality) than on content-based dimensions (popularity and negativity). Importantly, advertising has a small short-term effect in decreasing negativity in online chatter. (12/21/2016)


Violina Rindova will be a keynote speaker (along with Joe Porac, Jim Westphal, and Ed Zajac) at the INSEAD Conference on Behavioral Perspectives on Corporate Governance in Fontainebleau, France this coming June. (12/20/2016)


Alex Wang’s paper won the Innovation Theme Best Paper Prize at 2016 Strategic Management Society Special Conference in Hong Kong: “Fools Rush In? Entry into Platform-based Market Following Acquisition Signals.” (12/19/2016)


Shon Hiatt has been appointed to the Editorial Review Board of Administrative Science Quarterly. (12/16/2016)


Marshall’s Institute for Advanced Studies in Business (IASB) has funded Nan Jia’s outlier research proposal: "The Nomenklatura State Institutions in the Knowledge Economy." This award involved a confidential and highly rigorous review of a large number of high quality proposals. The IASB Board was strongly supportive of Nan’s proposal. (12/15/2016)


Lori Yue has been invited to join the Editorial Review Board of Organization Science. (12/14/2016)


Shon Hiatt just received a Greif Case Development Award. It will support research, writing, editing, and layout of the case called Jeld-Wen. (12/01/2016)


Carl Voigt and a team of 12 Marshall MBA students recently presented an influential report at the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) 2016 Meeting in Lima, Peru: “Non-Tariff Barriers in Agriculture and Food Trade in APEC: Business Perspectives on Impacts and Solutions” (press release & executive summary attached). The report, which was commissioned by the APEC Business Advisory Council, involved comprehensive research including an extensive literature review, depth interviews of business and government leaders from all 21 APEC countries, and a survey administered to over 200 APEC members. The report will be used by APEC countries to devise solutions to overcome non-tariff barriers to agriculture and food trade among member countries. 

Under Carl’s able leadership and wise council, the Marshall team spent an enormous amount of time, energy, and care collecting and analyzing data, drawing conclusions, and writing the report over the past several months. Carl has been instrumental in sustaining a productive 14-year relationship between the Marshall School and the APEC Business Advisory Council in creating an annual report on a topic of special interests to APEC members. These reports have contributed to the development of APEC action agendas for addressing matters of shared economic importance to member countries. The reports have contributed significantly to Marshall’s visibility and influence in the Asia-Pacific region. (11/28/2016)


Frank Nagle’s dissertation was runner-up for the INFORMS Technology, Innovation Management, and Entrepreneurship Section (TIMES) 2016 Best Dissertation Award: “The Digital Commons: Tragedy or Opportunity? The Effect of Crowdsourced Digital Goods on Innovation and Economic Growth.” (11/18/2016)


November 16, 2016

Colleagues:

I am delighted to announce that the president has approved the promotion of Peer Fiss to Professor of Management and Organization, effective immediately.

Peer received his PhD in Management & Organizations and Sociology from Northwestern University in 2003. He started his career as an assistant professor at Queen’s School of Business, Queen’s University, Canada, and moved as an assistant professor to Marshall in 2006. He was promoted to associate professor with tenure in 2010.

Peer’s research is in the field of strategic management and organizational theory. His work has yielded new insights into the diffusion of organizational innovative practices across organizations, the adaptation of these practices in the course of their diffusion, and how organizations attempt strategically to affect other actors’ interpretations of these practices. His work is noteworthy for its focus on practices that are substantively important in their own right—governance practices oriented to shareholder value as they diffused beyond the USA to Germany, Total Quality Management as it diffused across hospitals, golden parachutes, globalization, poison pill anti-takeover provisions, and most recently on-line advertising. He has also been a pioneer in bringing set-theoretic methods such as fuzzy set Qualitative Comparative Analysis into the strategy and management field.

Peer is an exceptional teacher who has successfully taught undergraduate, MBA and PhD classes at Marshall. He has won USC’s Mellon Mentoring Award (for mentoring graduate students) in 2015, Marshall’s Evan C. Thompson Award for Mentoring and Leadership in 2013, and Marshall’s Golden Apple Award in 2015 for the full-time Marshall MBA program. Peer is highly committed to mentoring doctoral students (having chaired four dissertation committees and served on 14 others) and junior faculty, guiding their research, and authoring journal articles with them. Two of his PhD students recently accepted faculty position at the University of Michigan’s Ross School of Business and Harvard’s School of Public Health.

His service to the MOR department and Marshall have been exemplary as has been his service to the profession. He has held two successive senior editor posts (Associate Editor at Academy of Management Review and Senior Editor at Organization Science--two of the top journals in the management field) as well as serving on the Methods Panel at Administrative Science Quarterly (another of the top journals). At the Academy of Management, he was elected to a three-year term as a Representative-at-Large for the Organization and Management Theory Division (2011-2014)-- the third-largest division of the Academy of Management with currently 3,800 members--and was recently elected as its Program Chair-Elect (part of a five-year rotation that will lead him to the Division Chair role). Within Marshall he was just this year elected as the President of our Faculty Council.

Peer’s promotion is a well-deserved recognition of his outstanding contributions in research, teaching, and service over the years. Please join me in congratulating him.

Gareth M. James
Vice Dean for Faculty and Academic Affairs
E. Morgan Stanley Chair in Business Administration
Professor of Data Sciences and Operations
Marshall School of Business
University of Southern California


Peer Fiss (with Vilmos Misangyi, Thomas Greckhamer, Santi Furnari, Donal Crilly & Ruth Aguilera—inverse alphabetical order) just got a paper accepted for publication in the review issue of the Journal of Management: Embracing Causal Complexity: The Emergence of a Neo-Configurational Perspective.

Abstract
Causal complexity has long been recognized as a ubiquitous feature underlying organizational phenomena, yet current theories and methodologies in management are for the most part not well suited to its direct study. The introduction of the Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) configurational approach has led to a reinvigoration of configurational theory that embraces causal complexity explicitly. We argue that the burgeoning research using QCA represents more than a novel methodology; it constitutes the emergence of a neo-configurational perspective to the study of management and organizations that enables a fine-grained conceptualization and empirical investigation of causal complexity through the logic of set theory. In this article, we identify four foundational elements that characterize this emerging neo-configurational perspective: 1) conceptualizing cases as set theoretic configurations; 2) calibrating cases’ memberships into sets; 3) viewing causality in terms of necessity and sufficiency relations between sets; and, 4) conducting counterfactual analysis of unobserved configurations. We then present a comprehensive review of the use of QCA in management studies that aims to capture the evolution of the neo-configurational perspective among management scholars. We close with a discussion of a research agenda that can further this neo-configurational approach and thereby shift the attention of management research away from a focus on net effects and towards examining causal complexity. (10/24/2016)


Leigh Tost (with Chris Bauman-UC Irvine and Madeline Ong-Michigan) had a paper published in Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes: “Blame the shepherd, not the sheep: Imitating higher-ranking transgressors mitigates punishment for unethical behavior.”

Abstract
Do bad role models exonerate others’ unethical behavior? Based on social learning theory and psychological theories of blame, we predicted that unethical behavior by higher-ranking individuals changes how people respond to lower-ranking individuals who subsequently commit the same transgression. Five studies explored when and why this rank-dependent imitation effect occurs. Across all five studies, we found that people were less punitive when low-ranking transgressors imitated high-ranking members of their organization. However, imitation only reduced punishment when the two transgressors were from the same organization (Study 2), when the transgressions were highly similar (Study 3), and when it was unclear whether the initial transgressor was punished (Study 5). Results also indicated that imitation affects punishment because it influences whom people blame for the transgression. These findings reveal actor-observer differences in social learning and identify a way that unethical behavior spreads through organizations. (09/19/2016)


Peer Fiss was just elected the Chair of the Marshall Faculty Council for this academic year. He also will serve as the Marshall’s representative on the USC Faculty Senate. (09/11/2016)


Alex Wang’s dissertation proposal has been selected as a finalist for the 2016 INFORMS OrgScience Dissertation Award: “Competing Across and Within Platforms: Antecedents and Consequences of Market Entries by Mobile App Developers.” His job market paper has been nominated for the Best Conference Paper at the forthcoming 2016 Strategic Management Society Hong Kong Special Conference: “Fools Rush in Where Angels Fear to Tread: Entry into Platform-based Markets Following Acquisitions.” (09/10/2016)


Gerry Tellis (joint with Marketing) has an editorial piece that will be published in the Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science in 2017: “Interesting and Important Research: On Phenomena, Theory, and Writing.” (09/06/2016)


The latest US News has an interview with USC’s starting quarterback Max Brown, who is enrolled in the Marshall Online MBA. When asked Do you have a favorite class or professor so far? Max replied: “All the professors have been great to work with and passionate about what they’re doing, but my favorite class has been “Organizational Behavior in Negotiations” with [professor of management and organization] Peter Kim. I love the game that’s at play with negotiations as far as what information you’re going to reveal and what you keep to yourself. I found the case studies and mock negotiations with my classmates really fun and educational. Maybe it’s the athlete in me, but the competition element was also very enjoyable.” (09/02/2016)


Roshni Raveendhran received the 2016 USC Marshall PhD Teaching Award. (08/18/2016)


Chris Voss’ recent book, Never Split the Difference: Negotiating As If Your Life Depended On It (HarperCollins, 2016), was just recognized by Inc. as one of the seven best all-time negotiation books. (08/18/2016)


Tom Cummings was the 2016 Keynote Speaker for the Management Consulting Division at the Academy of Management Annual Meeting in Anaheim. (08/15/2016)


Shon Hiatt was doubly honored by the Organizations and Natural Environment Division at the Academy of Management Annual Meeting in Anaheim. He won the ONE Division's 2016 Emerging Scholar Award, which recognizes early career academics who have already made outstanding research contributions in the area of organizations and the natural environment and who have a strong potential to continue making such contributions in the near future.

Shon's paper won the Organizations and Natural Environment Division's 2016 Best Paper Award: External Threats And Entrepreneurial Collective Action In The Emergent U.S. Wood Pellet Industry. This is the 3rd straight time that Shon has won this award. (08/12/2016)


Frank Nagle’s paper was a finalist for the Technology and Innovation Management Division’s Best Paper Award at the Academy of Management Annual Meeting in Anaheim: Learning by Contributing: Gaining Competitive Advantage Through Contribution to Open Source Software. (08/11/2016)


Mark Young (with Fei Du and Guliang Tang) received the 2016 Notable Contribution to the Management Accounting Literature Award given by the American Accounting Association. This is Mark's 3rd win, which ties for the most wins in the history of the award. (08/11/2016)


Paul Adler is among the inaugural recipients of the Companionship of the British Academy of Management (CBAM). This award is by invitation only in recognition of outstanding contributions to the field of Management. Paul will receive the award at the British Academy of Management’s 30th anniversary meeting in September. (08/09/2016)


Michàlle Mor Barak (joint with School of Social Work) will receive the Gender and Diversity Division’s Scholarly Contributions to Educational Practice Advancing Women in Leadership Award at the forthcoming Academy of Management Meeting in Anaheim. (08/04/2016)


Chris Bresnahan, Jody Tolan, and Terry Wolfe have been awarded Lord Foundation funding for their educational workshop proposals for the coming academic year. Jody and Chris’ workshop (with Sabrina Pasztor and Steve Byers) is on “Enhancing Our Role as Leader Educators” and Terry’s workshop addresses “Diversity, Inclusion, and Cultural Competence” in conjunction with the Museum of Tolerance and the Western Justice Center. (07/26/2016)


Peer Fiss was elected Division Program Chair-Elect of the Organization and Management Theory Division of the Academy of Management. He will progress over the next few years to become Division Chair of the OMT Division, one of the largest Divisions in the Academy of Management. (06/29/2016)


Lori Yue has been selected to receive a 2015-2016 Outstanding Reviewer Award in recognition of her contributions to Organization Science. She will be honored at the Organization Science Editorial Board Meeting and Reception at the Academy of Management Annual Meeting this August in Anaheim. (06/28/2016)


Lori Yue has been appointed as a Consulting Editor of the American Journal of Sociology (AJS), established in 1895 as the first U.S. scholarly journal in sociology. (06/09/2016)


Shon Hiatt’s paper (with Sangchan Park) was voted Best Paper by conference participants, winning the 2016 People’s Choice Award at the Alliance for Research on Corporate Sustainability (ARCS) Annual Conference in Boulder, CO: External Threats and Entrepreneurial Collective Action in the Emergent U.S. Wood Pellet Industry.

Abstract
Free riding can be a serious problem in collective action, yet this issue has not been fully examined in entrepreneurs’ collective efforts to legitimate new markets. This paper probes under what conditions entrepreneurs are more or less likely to promote a coherent collective identity in response to external threats. We propose that external threats cause entrepreneurs to favor less-costly types of collective identity promotion, and that these effects are moderated by contextual factors that shape perceived costs of collective action, namely group size and free-riding counterforces. Drawing upon qualitative and quantitative evidence from the emergent U.S. wood pellet industry, our study shows that environmental activists’ targeting of forest-product manufacturers serves as an external threat that increases the similarity of less-costly identity claims used by ventures (promulgating identity-congruent narratives) but decreases the similarity of more-costly identity claims (adopting identity-congruent names). Implications for new market legitimation, social-movement, and sustainability research are discussed. (06/01/2016)


Lori Yue has been appointed Chair of the Research Committee of the Organization and Management Theory Division of the Academy of Management. (05/26/2016)


Dear Colleagues,

I am pleased to let you know that the Provost has approved the joint appointment with MOR of Erick Guerrero, Associate Professor in the Department of Community, Organization, and Business Innovation, USC School of Social Work. As many of you know, Erick is a macro organization researcher who focuses on the organizational implementation and system integration of culturally responsive and evidence-informed health care practices to promote health care equities. He brings a wealth of knowledge and experience about a key sector of the economy and society, the health care system. He looks forward to engaging with us on the organizational and strategic issues that plague health care’s fairness and effectiveness.

Please join me in welcoming Erick to the MOR community.

tom

Thomas G. Cummings
Professor & Department Chair
Department of Management & Organization
(05/23/2016)


The Provost has approved the joint appointment with MOR of Erick Guerrero, Associate Professor in the Department of Community, Organization, and Business Innovation, USC School of Social Work. As many of you know, Erick is a macro organization researcher who focuses on the organizational implementation and system integration of culturally responsive and evidence-informed health care practices to promote health care equities. He brings a wealth of knowledge and experience about a key sector of the economy and society, the health care system. He looks forward to engaging with us on the organizational and strategic issues that plague health care's fairness and effectiveness. (05/23/2016)


MOR former doctoral student Chailin Cummings has been promoted to Associate Professor with tenure at California State University-Long Beach. Congratulations Chailin. Your daughter Catherine and husband Tom are very, very proud of you. (05/20/2016)


Chris Voss, who teaches MOR 569 for us, was recently on local TV being interviewed about his new hit book: Never Split the Difference: Negotiating As If Your Life Depended On It (HarperBusiness, 2016). You can see the interview at http://ktla.com/2016/05/12/how-to-negotiate-the-best-deal-with-former-fbi-lead-negotiator-chris-voss/. (05/12/2016)


It gives me great pleasure to let you know that Derek Harmon successfully defended his dissertation today. (Dissertation chair, Peer Fiss). (05/10/2016)


It gives me great pleasure to let you know that Mariam Krikorian has successfully defended her dissertation. (Peer Fiss her dissertation chair). (05/06/2016)


David Newman’s proposal for a presentation at the annual meeting of the Society for Business Ethics has been accepted. Moreover, the Society is honoring David with the Society of Business Ethics Founders' Award for promising PhD students in the field of business ethics. (05/05/2016)


Nan Jia (with Heather Haveman, Jing Shi & Yongxiang Wang) just had a paper accepted for publication in Administrative Science Quarterly: The Dynamics of Political Embeddedness in China.

Abstract
Economic transitions from state planning and redistribution to market exchange create many businesses opportunities.  But such transitions also create great uncertainty because many interdependent factors – modes of exchange, types of products, and forms of organizations – are in flux.  Uncertainty is even greater when political institutions remain authoritarian because then rule of law is weak and state bureaucrats retain considerable power over the economy.  In such contexts, firms can reduce uncertainty by developing relationships with state bureaucrats, which help firms learn how state bureaucracies operate and engender trust between firms and bureaucrats.  Together, knowledge and trust stabilize firms’ operations and help persuade bureaucrats to lighten regulatory burdens, grant access to state-controlled resources, and improve oversight.  Therefore, in authoritarian regimes, as economic transitions proceed and uncertainty increases, business-state ties increasingly improve firm performance.  We test this argument by studying China, which saw economic transition but persistent authoritarianism.  We also investigate two likely contingencies (industry and firm size) and two important causal mechanisms (access to bank loans and protection from related-party loans).  Empirical analysis supports most predictions, demonstrating the importance of dynamic analysis:  the value of business-state relations varies over time, depending on the trajectory of both economic and political institutions. (05/03/2016)


May 2, 2016

Colleagues:

I am delighted to announce that USC president C. L. Max Nikias has promoted Cheryl Wakslak to Associate Professor of Management and Organization with tenure, effective immediately.

Cheryl earned her PhD in Psychology from New York University in 2008, worked as a research associate at Columbia University from 2008-2009, and was a Visiting Researcher at the University of Rochester from 2009-2010, prior to joining the Marshall School as an Assistant Professor in the fall of 2010. She is a leading international scholar and expert in the domain of construal level theory, which considers the interrelationship between the level of individuals' mental representations and a wide array of social and organizationally relevant behaviors. Her research has made significant contributions to this literature by extending the boundaries of this theory, by deepening insight into its underlying mechanisms, and by uncovering important practical implications through a highly programmatic body of research.

Cheryl's research record is theoretically rich, empirically rigorous, and remarkably prodigious, with 24 peer-reviewed scholarly articles that span three fields (management, marketing, and psychology). These include papers that have appeared in top journals such as Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, two papers in the Journal of Consumer Research, three papers in the Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, three papers in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, and four papers in the Journal of Experimental Psychology. Her contributions have led to her being recognized with the Dean's Award for Excellence in Research in 2014, her election as a Society of Experimental Social Psychology Fellow in 2015, to her being selected as one of just five scholars to receive the Foundation for Personality and Social Psychology's 2015 Sage Young Scholar Award, and to her success in obtaining two major National Science Foundation Grants.

Beyond her extraordinary research record, Cheryl has made important contributions in teaching. She has been instrumental in developing an entirely new and very highly rated course on decision-making, and she has also spent considerable time mentoring and doing research with doctoral students. Moreover, with regard to service, Cheryl has either led or worked as a member of multiple committees at Marshall, as an Editorial Board Member for the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, and as a reviewer for numerous other journals across the fields of management, marketing, and psychology.

Cheryl's promotion is a well-deserved recognition of her outstanding contributions in research, teaching, and service. Please join me in congratulating Cheryl.

Gareth M. James
Vice Dean for Faculty and Academic Affairs
E. Morgan Stanley Chair in Business Administration
Professor of Data Sciences and Operations
Marshall School of Business
University of Southern California


Derek Harmon was awarded a USC PhD Achievement Award for 2016. This is quite an honor based on Derek's significant accomplishments throughout his doctoral studies. (04/18/2016)


April 11, 2016

Colleagues:

I am delighted to announce that USC president C. L. Max Nikias has promoted Nathanael (Nate) Fast to Associate Professor of Management and Organization with tenure, effective immediately.

Nate Fast earned his PhD in Organizational Behavior from Stanford University in 2009 and joined the Marshall School as an Assistant Professor of Management and Organization later that year. He is a leading international scholar and expert on the psychological mechanisms underlying the acquisition and consequences of power in organizations. Nate's research is theoretically strong and empirically rigorous and appears in the top journals in management and social psychology, including Organization Science, Academy of Management Journal, four papers in Psychological Science (the leading journal for empirical work in psychology), Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, and, at last count, four papers in the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. He also publishes regularly in business practitioner outlets such as Harvard Business Review. In addition to this published work, he has a rich pipeline of work in progress and in a new area of research on the impact of technology on management in organizations. Nate has the distinction of being the only Marshall faculty member to have been a recipient of the Marshall Dean's Award for Research Excellence TWICE as an assistant professor.

The key contributions of Nate's work to date are on the psychological mechanisms caused by the experience of power, in particular his discoveries on the abuse of power, for example, that power paired with a lack of self-perceived competence leads to aggression; he has shown that power without status incites demeaning treatment and relationship conflict. Nate is a solid and careful empirical management scholar with a knack for finding interesting problems and the skill to implement innovative research.

In addition to his excellent research record, Nate is among our best teachers. He is the recipient of the Golden Apple Teaching Award; in Poets and Quants, he is one of the World's 40 Best B-School Professors under the Age of 40. Nate spends considerable time mentoring and doing research with doctoral students. His service to USC and the management profession are outstanding. He has served on the Marshall behavioral lab committee, the MOR PhD Committee, and the committee for the MOR Distinguished Speaker Series. In the management and psychology professions, Nate is on the Editorial Boards of their top journals such as the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, and Personality and Social Psychological Bulletin.

Nate's promotion is a well-deserved recognition of his outstanding contributions in research, teaching, and service. Please join me in congratulating Nate.

Gareth M. James
Vice Dean for Faculty and Academic Affairs
E. Morgan Stanley Chair in Business Administration
Professor of Data Sciences and Operations
Marshall School of Business
University of Southern California


Lori Yue's paper (with MOR doctoral student Jue Wang and Marketing faculty Botao Yang) has been chosen as a finalist for the 2016 OMT Best Paper on Entrepreneurship Award: The Price of Faith: Political Determinants of Commercialization of Buddhist Temples in China. Lori, Jue, and Botao will be officially recognized during the awards ceremony at the OMT Business Meeting at the 2016 Academy of Management Annual Meeting in Anaheim this August.

Abstract
The market's expansion into traditional non-market spheres often provokes fierce opposition. However, while past research has studied the way in which cultural barriers serve as a bar to market expansion, this paper considers the role of political forces in shaping the boundaries of markets. The state plays an important role in defining what kinds of goods can be traded and what kinds of organizations can be legitimate players in markets. But the state does not do so randomly; it uses markets in state-building. Studying the commercialization of Buddhist temples in modern China, we found that economic performance is an important means for a state, especially one with an authoritarian regime, to obtain political legitimacy. The pursuit of utilitarian legitimacy has led the Chinese government to include economic performance in the criteria of its political promotion system, turning local government officials into "public entrepreneurs" and creating a tournament-like competition among them. Those local government officials who face stronger pressure to develop the economy press temples to commercialize. In addition, Buddhist temples are more likely to abandon commercial practices when they are located in areas where the local government officials face less pressure to develop the economy. (03/21/2016)


Florenta Teodoridis (with Jeff Furman) just received a substantial, three-year NSF Science of Science & Innovation Policy grant: "Collaborative Research: The Impact of Research Costs on the Rate and Direction of Scientific Discover."

Abstract
Understanding scientific and technical progress requires measures of both the rate and direction of resources directed to innovative efforts and the outputs produced. This project leverages advances in computational power to map the evolution of research fields based on researchers' project portfolios in ideas spaces. The research takes advantages of shocks, such as changes in policies and research costs, to use empirical research techniques to understand the factors that affect the directions into which science and technology evolve. This work has important implications for understanding the rate and direction of technological change.

Specifically, the project uses techniques based on machine learning and natural language processing that measure the incidence and configuration of keywords in published research to quantify the similarity of groups of such articles to define idea space and to subsequently measure the ways in which idea space evolve in response to shocks in research costs and public policies. The research applies these techniques to three contexts: (a) how changes in the costs of research materials affect research trajectories in motion-sensing technology, (b) how researchers in quantum computing change their project portfolios in response to a controversial approach that differs from an established research paradigm; and (c) how pharmaceutical firm research trajectories change in response to news about rivals' drug discovery projects. (03/14/2016)


Nan Jia's paper (with Kenneth Huang and Cyndi Zhang) won the Best Paper Award at The Inaugural DRUID Asia Conference 2016: "State Capitalism, Agency Risk, and Firm Innovation: Evidence from State-Owned Enterprises in China." The DRUID conference is one of the world's premier academic events on innovation and the dynamics of structural, institutional and geographic change.

Abstract
This study contributes to the debate over the role of the state in promoting knowledge development through its control over state-owned enterprises (SOEs). We examine how agency risk shapes SOE behaviors in response to the state's promotion of innovation. We argue that without proper incentives or monitoring, SOE agents will prioritize the development of those innovations emphasized by the state principal's evaluation metrics over other innovations. Following China's implementation of a top-down pro-innovation policy that relies disproportionately on objective metrics to assess innovation performance, we found evidence of multiplicative effects: those SOEs with higher agency risk—enabled by lower alignment of managerial incentives with firm interest and by weak political accountability of the monitoring government agency—produced general patents at a higher rate but novel patents at a lower rate than before implementation of the pro-innovation policy and then their peer SOEs with lower agency risk. Our findings suggest that, although the state can increase the overall amount of innovation by SOEs, the extent of agency risk in SOEs influences the types of technologies being produced. Therefore, the state's role in developing innovations is quite complex and is dependent on other institutions including the corporate governance of firms and the political governance of the firms' locations. (03/02/2016)


Peer Fiss (with Vern Glaser MOR PhD alum at U. of Alberta and Mark Kennedy MOR faculty alum at Imperial College) just got a paper accepted for publication in Organization Science: Making Snowflakes Like Stocks: Stretching, Bending, and Positioning to Make Financial Market Analogies Work in Online Advertising.

Abstract
Analogies to financial markets have proven powerful in establishing novel or potentially controversial business concepts, even in contexts that deviate significantly from financial markets. This phenomenon challenges theory that suggests analogies work best when elements from a source and target domain map closely to each other. To develop a theory that explains how organizations make initially imperfect analogies "work," we use a case study of online advertising exchanges, a market-inspired model for buying and selling online advertising space. We find that as organizations stretch an initially misfitting exchange analogy from financial markets to online advertising, they iteratively bend their activities in superficial, structural, and generative ways to match the analogy and position themselves for advantage in the new space being created. Whereas prior studies emphasize shared cognition about familiar domains as the reason why analogies work, our study offers a dynamic account in which stretching, bending, and positioning combine to not only establish the financial market analogy but also subtly change the understanding of markets. (02/29/2016)


MOR's California Theory Workshop on Organizations and Organizing (CalO2) last November at USC got a wonderful "shout-out" in Steve Barley's lead article in the latest Administrative Science Quarterly: "60th Anniversary Essay: Ruminations on How We Became a Mystery House and How We might Get Out" (ASQ, 2016, Vol. 61: 1-8). Steve mentions our conference several times including its informal format and the topics/issues participants' discussed as exemplars of the kind of scholarly interaction and thinking our field needs to move ahead successfully.

Bravo to Paul and the CalO2 team (Kelly, Lori, Peer, Shon, and Tom). (02/10/2016)


Kyle Mayer has been appointed an Associate Editor for Strategic Management Journal. (02/04/2016)


An article in Poets&Quants (http://poetsandquants.com/2016/01/21/49149/) extolled Marshall's MS in Social Entrepreneurship. It showcased Adlai Wertman, who directs the program, and MOR's Christine El Haddad, who teaches a special strategy course that she designed for the MSSE. (01/25/2016)


Nate Fast's case development proposal on John Terzian and H.wood has been selected to receive funding by the Marshall Case Review Committee. This is part of Marshall's new case writing initiative and it is nice to see MOR in the mix of things. (01/19/2016)


Ed Lawler was recently inducted into the Thinkers50 2015 Hall of Fame. The Thinkers50 is the most definitive ranking of global management thinkers in the world, with over 20,000 people nominating the top 50 management thinkers this past year. The Hall of Fame is a select subgroup of distinguished thinkers who have all made a lasting and vital impact on how organizations are led and managed. As described at the 2015 Hall of Fame induction ceremony: "They are the giants upon whose shoulders managers and leaders stand." (01/11/2016)


Stephanie Smallets (with Streamer, Kondrak, & Seery) had a paper accepted for publication in Personality and Individual Differences: Bringing You Down Versus Bringing Me Up: Discrepant Versus Congruent High Explicit Self-Esteem Differentially Predict Malicious and Benign Envy.

Abstract
Recent research supports the existence of two faces of envy: malicious envy, characterized by the desire to bring an envy target down, and benign envy, characterized by the desire to bring oneself up to the level of an envy target. In the current study, we investigated discrepant high self-esteem (high explicit, low implicit self-esteem) and congruent high self-esteem (high explicit, high implicit) as antecedents of malicious versus benign envy, respectively. Participants with discrepant high self-esteem were particularly likely to rate a target negatively across a variety of attributes and as deserving to fail when the target was an upward rather than downward social comparison, consistent with malicious envy. In contrast, unlike other participants, those with congruent high self-esteem tended to persist longer at a difficult task after an upward rather than downward social comparison, potentially consistent with benign envy. These results suggest novel antecedents of the two faces of envy and novel consequences of self-esteem. (01/07/2016)


Nan Jia was elected to the Board of Directors for the Society for Institutional and Organizational Economics (SIOE). Formerly known as ISNIE—International Society for New Institutional Economics—this global organization promotes rigorous theoretical and empirical investigation of the nature, behavior, and governance of organizations and institutions using approaches drawn from economics, organization theory, law, political science, and other social sciences. Among SIOE's founders and early presidents were three winners of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences: Ronald Coase, Douglass North, and Oliver Williamson. (01/06/2016)


Peer Fiss (with Ruud T. Frambach, Vrije Universiteit & Paul T.M. Ingenbleek, Wageningen University) had a paper accepted for publication in the Journal of Business Research: How important is customer orientation for firm performance? A fuzzy set analysis of orientations, strategies, and environments.

Abstract
Prior literature suggests that customer orientation interacts with other strategic factors, but yields mixed effects in terms of performance outcomes. In addition, capturing performance outcomes of complex systems of interdependencies using commonly employed methods, such as regression models, is often difficult. Thus, this study employs a configurational approach, using fuzzy set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fs/QCA), to analyze the constellations of different strategic orientations, strategy types, and market conditions that yield superior performance. The study finds no evidence of high-performing configurations without customer orientation and shows that highly performing firms configure themselves around their customer orientation in three different ways. The results have implications for market orientation theory as well as for configurational and (marketing) strategy research in general. (01/05/2016)